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Oriel window decoration in the Old Town, St Gallen

Architecture from different eras characterises St.Gallen’s cityscape. The attractive Old Town features quaint narrow streets and lively squares. Exactly 111 oriel windows, a typical feature of St. Gallen’s architecture, adorn the façades of houses in the pedestrian zone and they bear witness to the successful textile buyers who used to live here. The Market Square on the northern side of the Old Town is surrounded by houses of the 17th and 18th centuries with oriel windows. At the eastern side of the marketplace is the Waaghaus (weighthouse), a white façade structure built in 1583. Also worth a glimpse is the Karlstor (Karl’s Gate), built in 1569/70 and named after the Archbishop Milan Carlo Borromeo. It’s the only remaining outer gate of the city’s original 11 gates. It is situated in the east of the Abbey District.

St. Gallen

St. Gallen’s most famous landmark is its Baroque cathedral with the Abbey Library, which houses some 140,000 documents – in part hand-written and over a thousand years old. The library probably also has Switzerland’s most beautiful Rococo hall. The entire Abbey precinct was declared a UNESCO world heritage site in 1983.

The name and foundation of the town stem from the Irish missionary monk Gallus who founded a hermitage here around 612. From 747, the then St. Gallen monastery was already following Benedictine Rule, which required the contemplative study of books and accordingly also stipulated the presence of a library. In the Middle Ages, the town developed into an important hub of culture and education in Europe. Later, the St. Gallen embroideries attracted international recognition and brought prosperity to the town.

St. Gallen is a university town with a focus on the economic sciences. The home town of the renowned «Mummenschanz» theatre group offers a varied cultural offering with theatres and museums. In summer, the romantic art-nouveau Dreilinden-Weiher open-air pool with its splendid views over the town attracts visitors to swim. (Source: myswitzerland & wikipedia)

JFS, jhm, Graal, snunney, lakshmip1949, timecapturer, jlbrthnn, vasilpro, siamesa has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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