Courtyard of Kalmar Castle
Kalmar Castle was built during the 13th century on the southeastern coast of Sweden.
The history of this legendary castle stretches back over 800 years. During the 12th century a defense tower was erected to protect against pirates and other sea-faring enemies. A harbour was constructed and in the course of time a castle grew around the original tower. Kalmar Castle soon became “The Key to the Kingdom”, a significant defensive fortification on the Danish border with an essential part in international, political life.
Courtyard and Interior
In the courtyard of Kalmar Castle is a Renaissance fountain. The chapel, in the south wing, was completed in 1592. In the North Tower are the royal apartments of Eric IV, with intarsia paneling and 16th century hunting scenes. Other fine rooms are the Lozenge Room and the Golden Room (Gyllene Salen), which date from the reign of John III.
The Castle acquired its present appearance in the 16th century, when the Vasa kings Erik XIV and Johan III rebuilt it in the style of a Renaissance palace and furnished it in a continental manner. The last king who lived in the Castle and issued governmental documents was Charles XI. He was on the throne from 1673 to 1692.
Kalmar Castle played a fundamental role in Nordic policy already in 1397, especially as the meeting place for the signing of the Union of Kalmar. On July 20th, 1397 Queen Margaret I signed the controversial yet memorable pact which joined all of the Nordic countries under a common ruler. In 1997 the city of Kalmar and the Castle celebrated the 600th anniversary of the Union of Kalmar.
In 1856, architect Fredrik Wilhelm Scholander (1816–1881) initiated restoration work at Kalmar Castle. His pupil Helgo Zettervall continued restoring Kalmar Castle in the 1880s. Architect Carl Möller drew up the plans and other documents. The work began in 1885 and by 1891 the castle had gained the silhouette it bears today. In 1919 professor Martin Olsson was charged with the continuing restoration of earthworks, the moat, the bridge and the drawbridge. Work continued until 1941, when the castle was once more surrounded by water. Today, it is one of Sweden's best preserved renaissance castles and is open to the public.
Kalmar is a city in Smĺland in the south-east of Sweden, situated by the Baltic Sea. It had 36,392 inhabitants in 2010 and is the seat of Kalmar Municipality. It is also the capital of Kalmar County, which comprises 12 municipalities with a total of 233,090 inhabitants (2011).
From the thirteenth to the seventeenth centuries, Kalmar was one of Sweden's most important cities. Between 1602 and 1913 it was the episcopal see of Kalmar Diocese, with a bishop, and the Kalmar Cathedral from 1702 is still a fine example of classicistic architecture. It became a fortified city, with the still mighty Kalmar Castle as the center. After the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, Kalmar's importance diminished, until the industry sector was initiated in the 19th century. The city is home to parts of Linnaeus University.
Geographically Kalmar is the main route to the island of Öland thanks to the Öland Bridge. (Source: Kalmar & wikipedia)
Critiques | Translate
ChrisJ (112313) 2012-04-29 2:41
A wonderfully intense blue sky with formidable sharpness & wonderful strong lighting contrasts. Marvellous shadow detail & no oe in the highlights. Perspective has been well managed. I like the angled pov & the green spire of the bg building protruding above the grey roof. Tfs & have a nice weekend!
timecapturer (49288) 2012-04-29 2:47
excellent use of light and shade to create depth and a real sense of scale. A strong composition and wonderfully detailed image which gives us a perfect insight as to how defensive this marvelous structure is. Colourful, immaculate execution and a captivating presentation.
Enjoy your Sunday - regards Brian.
lousat (89822) 2012-04-29 3:06
HI George,excellent point of view to create a nice geometry whit this corner of the castle,great light management for a beautiful contrast between the clear facade and the blue sky,i like it! Have a nice Sunday and thanks,Luciano
mohammad_H (9904) 2012-04-29 3:11
Performing from a very beautiful place, "Castle" with attractive architecture and design. Sky-blue image has a greater effect. Very successful record.
Have a nice day
jlbrthnn (76037) 2012-04-29 3:42
The foreground beautiful, gives depth. The architecture is very interesting. The light, colors and sharpness are excellent. Bravo.
Have a nice day
lakshmip1949 (19081) 2012-04-29 3:54
You have captured this part of the courtyard very nicely with all the details. I like the view of the green dome which arises at the back. The blue sky makes a nice color contrast against the pale yellow building. Sharpness and light management are fantastic.
amaryllis (36787) 2012-04-29 4:57
une superbe photo lumineuse de cette cour de chateau , avec cette jolie fontaine; une note intéressante et un ciel superbe
siudzi (34141) 2012-04-29 6:18
A nice shot of this beautiful and interesting place. Strong light contrast makes it unique. Well done.
Thanks for sharing.
Sergiom (77323) 2012-04-29 6:24
J'aime bien cette perspective et les deux diagonales qui se rencontrent au centre de l'image.Les ombres se battent avec lumičre pour le plus beau résultat.
Sonata11 (33763) 2012-04-29 7:14
great capture of the courtyard of this castle, wonderfully presented. Great management of light and shade. Beautiful architecture. I like this composition and framing. Perfect work.
Best regards and have a nice Sunday,
Schnappilic (9690) 2012-04-29 12:09
Lovely composition with impressive white walls of the castle. Good presentation and realization!
All the best,
bukitgolfb301 (41036) 2012-04-29 17:39
Hello my dear George
Your Sweden series is endlees, it is very happya for me. Another wonderful architecture image shot! Your keen attention to your surrounding is so nice and should be highly appreciated. Perfect framework/angle and so taseteful color are marvelous. Thanks for your sharing with your best job and have a good start of new week, best regards,
Takero from Tokyo
prasun984 (5590) 2012-04-29 23:13
A really fascinating composition rich of atmosphere! great sky color and excellent light management! i really like your POV! superb clarity & sharpnes..for sure your picture has a very strong feeling ! very well done
emka (95161) 2012-04-30 0:01
hi Georgy, The light conditions were not easy I suppose, with the dark shadows. The result is excellent. Nice composition, pleasant colours. I like the positions of the tower and the object on the courtyard. The sky is so strong blue!
npecanhuk (74814) 2012-04-30 6:58
Sharpness, management of (difficult) light, colors, chosen pov, vertical format, composition, black & white borders and contrasts pleased me!
TFS - congrats,
siamesa (28117) 2012-05-01 2:50
Bom dia George
This blue sky makes the difference. Excellen point of view and a very interesting photo.
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2006-07-16
- Categories: Castles, Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Canon Ixus 50
- Exposure: f/5.6, 1/1250 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2012-04-29 1:48