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The Tower of Hércules is a tower and lighthouse placed in the peninsula of the city of Corunna, in Spain. It has the privilege of being the only Roman and most ancient lighthouse in functioning of the world.

There are several legends related to his construction. One of them tells that Hércules came in boat to the coasts that surround at present the Tower, and that

was precisely there the place where it buried the head of the giant Gerión, after to conquer him in combat.

The Tower of Hércules was constructed by the Romans as lighthouse of navigation in the IInd century A.D. (during the order of the Roman emperors Trajano and Adriano). As indicates the inscription on the foot of the tower and the documentary references that on the city of Brigantium (Corunna) reveal the existence of a lighthouse of the epoch of Trajano. Asímismo, historians identified the tower as the place where there could have been placed the Tower of Breogán, a mythological tower that appears between others, in the mythological Irish cycle, (more concretely in Leabhar Ghabhála Érenn), and from that Ith, son of Breogán, would have sighted the coasts of Ireland. This suspicion comes increased by the place name Brigantium, which is highly possible that it derives from Breogán, and has sustenance in the tradition of the Romans at the time of identifying its own Gods or Heroes, in this case Hércules, with the indigenous ones. The tower lost, possibly, his marine use during the Middle age on having turned into fortification.

It will be in the XVIIth century (1682) when the Duke of Uceda entrusts the architectural restoration to the architect Amaro Antune, who constructed a wooden stairs that was crossing the vaults up to the top part where two small towers are located to support the beacons. In the reign of Carlos IV of Spain the finished reconstruction is realized. The neoclassic work is finished in 1791 under the guidance of Eustaquio Giannini.

The tower was, before beginning the reform, a prismatic body with square base; in the exterior it was presenting a stone wall with two doors in the low part and asymmetric windows that were covering it up to the top flat, and the mordant spiral one that was coming up to the top part. In his interior it was preserving the old Roman structure, but with wooden stairs that belonged to the building restoration, harmonizing her in his decoration with top frames of doors and windows.

The mythology says that « there was a giant called Gerión, king of Brigantium, which was forcing his súdbitos to deliver to him the half of his goods, including his children. One day the subjects decided to ask for help Hércules that challenged Gerión in a big fight. Hércules defeated Gerión, it buried and been raised by a tumulus that it crowned with a big torch. Next to this tumulus it founded a city and, like the first person who came was a woman called Cruña, Hércules put to the city this name »

A WS only to verify the loss of clearness of some images on having put them here.
If it is known someone how to solve this I am grateful that I found out.
This WS has lost something of definition, but less than the principal image.

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Additional Photos by Ros P Osado (Zelanda) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 783 W: 1 N: 1219] (5692)
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