he Alhambra ( Arabic: الْحَمْرَاء, Al-Ḥamrā' , /ælˈhæmbrə/, Spanish: [aˈlambɾa] ) the complete form of which was Calat Alhambra, is a palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Andalusia, Spain. It was originally constructed as a small fortress in 889 and then largely ignored until its ruins were renovated and rebuilt in the mid 11th century by the Moorish king Mohammed ben Al-Ahmar of the Kingdom of Granada who built its current palace and walls, and later converted into a royal palace in 1333 by Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada.
The Alhambra's Islamic palaces were built for the last Muslim emirs in Spain and its court of the Nasrid dynasty. After the Reconquista by the Reyes Católicos ("Catholic Monarchs") in 1492, some portions were used by Christian rulers. The Palace of Charles V, built by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1527, was inserted in the Alhambra within the Nasrid fortifications. After being allowed to fall into disrepair for centuries, the Alhambra was rediscovered in the 19th century by European scholars and travellers, with restorations commencing. It is now one of Spain's major tourist attractions, exhibiting the country's most significant and well known Islamic architecture, together with 16th-century and later Christian building and garden interventions. The Alhambra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and the inspiration for many songs and stories.
Moorish poets described it as "a pearl set in emeralds," in allusion to the colour of its buildings and the woods around them. The palace complex was designed with the mountainous site in mind and many forms of technology were considered. The park (Alameda de la Alhambra), which is overgrown with wild flowers and grass in the spring, was planted by the Moors with roses, oranges and myrtles; its most characteristic feature, however, is the dense wood of English elms brought by the Duke of Wellington in 1812. The park has a multitude of nightingales and is usually filled with the sound of running water from several fountains and cascades. These are supplied through a conduit 8 km (5.0 mi) long, which is connected with the Darro at the monastery of Jesus del Valle above Granada.
Despite long neglect, wilful vandalism and some ill-judged restoration, the Alhambra endures as an atypical example of Muslim art in its final European stages, relatively uninfluenced by the direct Byzantine influences found in the Mezquita of Cordova. The majority of the palace buildings are quadrangular in plan, with all the rooms opening on to a central court; and the whole reached its present size simply by the gradual addition of new quadrangles, designed on the same principle, though varying in dimensions, and connected with each other by smaller rooms and passages. The Alhambra was extended by the different Muslim rulers who lived in the complex. However, each new section that was added followed the consistent theme of "paradise on earth". Column arcades, fountains with running water, and reflecting pools were used to add to the aesthetic and functional complexity. In every case, the exterior was left plain and austere. Sun and wind were freely admitted. Blue, red, and a golden yellow, all somewhat faded through lapse of time and exposure, are the colour chiefly employed.
The decoration consists, as a rule, of Arabic inscriptions that are manipulated into sacred geometrical patterns wrought into arabesques. Painted tiles are largely used as panelling for the walls. The palace complex is designed in the Mudéjar style which is characteristic of western elements reinterpreted into Islamic forms and widely popular during the Reconquista, the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula from the Muslims by the Christian kingdoms. info Wiki.
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jemaflor (95957) 2014-05-11 23:32
Interesting architecture well presented, perfect pov and perfect photo with ood exposure and sharpness, tfs.
carlo62 (46353) 2014-05-11 23:59
mi piace questa foto, ci mostra la famosa località in modo diverso, il tuo pov comprende anche un'ampia panoramica oltre che al giardino.
In questo modo possiamo osservare anche il contesto su cui sorge questo bellissimo palazzo.
snunney (97447) 2014-05-12 2:32
The point of view is excellent in this beautifully presented composition. Well exposed despite the sharp contrasts in lighting between foreground and background. Excellent colours and sharpness and wonderful depth.
dta (77085) 2014-05-12 4:02
May be a little overexposure of the white parts (clouds and walls) , but the view is really beautiful and interesting , with the garden in the FG , the castle on the left , and the roofs of Granada on the right .
Have you tried to adjust the focus on the clouds ?
Kamilutka (8105) 2014-05-12 4:46
very interesting approach to the Alhambra and smartly chosen POV. The composition in here bases on very good use of the geometrical lines in the foreground and lovely panorama of the town in the distance. The ideal sharpness helps to enjoy the whole view right up to horizon. Very good colors and well handled light.
Thanks for sharing
Gigidusud (20825) 2014-05-12 5:53
A splendid view of Granada from the gardens of the Alhambra. Great depth and splendid cloudy sky. I like it!
ikeharel (69765) 2014-05-12 9:21
Good evening Iain,
Fantastic view from the balcony of the Generalife de Granada over the Alhambra and town in the valley bellow.
Fine outlines and technical details collected. A fabulous corners all around the gardens, with lookout archs not to miss the palace accidently…
cornejo (41303) 2014-05-12 10:17
Hi Lain, great photograph of this beautiful and interesting composition in Granada, very well composed and captured this beautiful image with good sharpness, depth, light and beautiful color. Excellent and interesting job well done, congratulations my friend. Thanks for sharing this beautiful work.
Good evening and happy start to the week.
Warm greetings from southern Spain.
Noel_Byrne (30459) 2014-05-12 11:45
This is an amazing scene, it is like looking back in time to another world entirely. Such ancient amazing architecture, and such rich appealing colors. I see this an instantly think of Asterix and Obelisk. I know that's probably not a nice comparison, but this is how I always viewed their world when I read those books as a child. Fantastic, love this picture.
Thanks as always
nikkitta (17066) 2014-05-12 13:54
Finally a creative POV to presnt this impresivve building, all it a true artwork gandens inclusive
Good to add the landscape at the back and the natural frames at the sides
Color contrast a bit saturated but works orange with very green vegetation
Well done, regards
photoray (13981) 2014-12-02 5:55
Fine balcony view of the iconic Alhambra, the dominate long arched walkway, gardens, Moorish architecture, and the background glimpse of Granada.
...We Californians have inherited many Spanish architecture elements, and even a town named Alhambra within Los Angeles County which has one of our classical Spanish Missions.
Thanks for sharing,