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Photographer's Note

After almost two weeks of absence I am back on TE. It is good to be back. I do not wish to explain in details why I was away, I will just say that some unfortunate events prevented me from being here and that because of those events I also had to miss TE meeting in Treviso. But...that is life. Bad moments are part of it :(

Dopo quasi due settimane di assenza sono tornata a TE. E' bello essere qui di nuovo. Non voglio spiegare nei dettagli perché ero via, voglio solo dire che alcuni eventi sfortunati mi hanno impedito di essere qui e a causa di quegli eventi ho anche dovuto perdere meeting TE a Treviso. Ma...questo č la vita.

***

SLO

Stolna cerkev sv. Nikolaja (tudi Kapiteljska cerkev sv. Miklavža, Kapiteljska cerkev sv. Nikolaja oziroma Kapiteljska cerkev, med domačini pa kar Kapitelj) je eden najstarejših, najlepših in tudi najbolj prepoznavnih znamenitosti Novega mesta. Cerkev krasi vrh griča nad starim mestnim jedrom in je vidna daleč naokoli. Njene posebnosti so zanimiva arhitektura (preplet baročnega in gotskega stila ter lomljena vzdolžna os cerkve), bogata notranjost (Tinttoretova oltarna slika sv. Nikolaja) in slavna zgodovina.

Do 7. aprila 2006 se je cerkev uradno imenovala Župnijska cerkev Novo mesto – Kapitelj. Po tem datumu, ko je bila ustanovljena škofija Novo mesto, je cerkev postala stolna cerkev škofije in bila preimenovana v Stolno cerkev sv. Nikolaja.

ITA

Sul punto piů in quota di Novo mesto, in cima al colle Kapitelj, sorge una grande chiesa gotica, dedicata a sv. Nikolaj o Miklavž (S. Nicola). La prima fonte scritta sulla dominante chiesa prepositurale risale al 1428, la storia dell’edificio perň č piů lunga.



Nella parte occidentale sorge il campanile, in basso robusto, in alto piů snello, poliedrico. Fu sistemato nel sec. XIX, sul posto di uno precedente. Segue la navata, ristrutturata nel 1621, forse sotto l’influsso di Stična. Si č conservato il presbiterio, incredibilmente fuori asse, a volte incrociate e abside poligonale. La navata, nella fase di costruzione, venne adattata al terreno. L’edificio di pietra con intonaci vecchi parzialmente conservati, coperto da un tetto di tegole, mostra all’esterno soprattutto elementi gotici, specie nei contrafforti a risega del presbiterio.



L’interno č diviso in navata oblunga con volta a botte e cappelle laterali nonché in un vasto presbiterio fuori asse, costruito all’inizio del sec. XVI, secondo alcune ipotesi forse dopo il 1576. Sotto il presbiterio, a causa del terreno pendente, fu costruita una cripta, nella quale si trovano la copia della lastra tombale del primo vescovo di Vienna Jurij Sladkonja, nato a Novo mesto, con la tipica lastra con uno stemma raffigurante un cavallo d’oro. Nell’altar maggiore, in una cornice neogotica, troviamo la pala raffigurante il patrono della chiesa, S. Nicola con i santi Ermacora e Fortunato, opera del 1582 di Jacopo Robusti, piů famoso come Tintoretto, pittore manieristico veneziano. Č probabile che questa sia la piů preziosa pala d’altare della Slovenia. Negli altari laterali troviamo quadri di Valentin Metzinger (1733).



La chiesa, sede della parrocchia e della prepositura, il cui edificio sorge negli immediati dintorni, funziona regolarmente ed č visitabile.

ENG

The capital church is the oldest well-preserved architectural and cultural monument in Novo mesto, and most certainly one of the most beautiful and interesting ones as well. Its dominant location makes it an important element of the city's identity. The church is composed of three main parts: the bell tower, the nave and the presbytery with a crypt.

An outstanding composition of the church is a result of its many styles and a broken symmetry of the longitudinal axis. The church has been rebuilt many times as a consequence of historic facts: in 1365, Novo mesto got the status of a city, but later on, it bankrupted due to the attacks of Turks; in 1493, the emperor Friedrich III founded a collegiate chapter, therefore the church of St. Nicholas became a chapter church.

The lower part of the bell tower is an octagonal-shaped Gothic tower; the upper part was rebuilt in 1860 in a Gothic Revival style; at that time, the Baroque roof from 1667 was also removed. The asymmetric nave has a longitudinal shape. The size of the windows is increased in order to provide sufficient lightning throughout the entire volume of the church, the window frames and sills being made of sandstone. The vault of the church is a barrel vault, and a large span between the Southern and the Northern wall demonstrates a possibility for a previous division onto naves: the wooden ceiling has most probably been supported by wooden columns. The presbytery has a rectangular plan and can be described as a longitudinal chorus. The section of the vault has a specific profile and details made in stone. The interior of the presbytery is very spacious and serene, its solemn character being augmented by a staircase leading from the nave to the presbytery.

A long chorus was necessary as there were thirteen canons, i.e. deans named in the foundation chart of the chapter. The exterior of the presbytery is made of crushed limestone with no stucco, and is therefore one of the most dramatic Gothic facades in Slovenia. The crypt being a rather rare element in Gothic churches, its hall is composed of three naves; it was built using the structure of crossed vaults placed on four pairs of octagonal columns made of stone, of bricks or a combination of the two materials. The chapter church was rebuilt in 1621 in the Baroque style: six transversal chapels were added along the interior sidewall of the nave.

The church was declared a cultural monument of local importance by the Act of Declaration of Natural, Cultural and Historic Monuments in the Novo mesto Community, Uradni list RS No. 38 / 1992.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Stasa Milovic (Tashy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 179 W: 88 N: 389] (1820)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2010-05-26
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/10.0, 1/400 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2010-05-30 1:02
Viewed: 925
Points: 30
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Additional Photos by Stasa Milovic (Tashy) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 179 W: 88 N: 389] (1820)
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