The early history of Banská Bystrica (Besztercebánya)is connected with the exploitation of abundant deposits of copper (and to a lesser extent of silver, gold, and iron). The tools used by prehistoric miners in a locality called pania Dolina are dated as early as 2000-1700 BC.
In 1255, King Béla IV of Hungary granted Banská Bystrica extensive municipal privileges in order to attract skilled settlers from the Holy Roman Empire. The town, called Neusohl by these Carpathian Germans, flourished as a regional mining center. In the second half of the 13th century, a remarkable Romanesque church was built in the town. In 1494, the company Ungarischer Handel ("Hungarian Trade" in German), was founded by the affluent Fugger and Thurzo families. Depending mainly on the mines around Banská Bystrica, the company became the leading world producer of copper by the 16th century.
The Ottoman Empire's northern advance led the magistrate to fortify the town with modern stone walls in 1589. Banská Bystrica was one of the foremost centers of the Protestant Reformation in Slovakia and the town had to fight for its rights against the ruling dynasty of Catholic Austrian Habsburgs, as well as against the Ottoman Turks and powerful Hungarian magnates. In 1620 Prince Gabriel Bethlen of Transylvania, a Protestant, was elected King of Hungary at the Diet in Banská Bystrica.
Critiques | Translate
ben4321 (9875) 2006-05-29 14:56
Nice urban scene, it looks like a wonderful town. It looks like your shot was taken in the evening, and I like the subdued light on the buildings with some colour and light still in the sky.
I think your composition would have been better if you had moved round to the left and excluded those lamposts though. The one in the middle gets in the way a bit.
nex (2738) 2006-05-30 2:52
Nice but I missed a light here, otherwise is very good, composition with 3 main towers is a good idea
Andrzej_HHH (2480) 2006-06-23 16:47
Very good shot from this nice city, fantastic colors and great composition with this lovely towers. Good work! I`m sending my best regards! Andrzej
serp2000 (43100) 2007-01-09 14:05
Hello, George.Good shot. The quiet evening on the old square.When the crowds of the tourists go away...
I was here in 2001.Lovely town.Thank you!
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2006-04-15
- Categories: Architecture, Artwork
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Magnificent architectural memories from Europe [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2006-05-29 11:22