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Zelene kruske.

Pogled na zelene kruske i lisce u prve dane Juna.
Kruska je rod drvenastih biljaka iz familije Rosaceae, ciji se istoimeni plodovi koriste u ishrani ljudi. Vrste ovog roda rastu u umerenim predelima Evrope, Azije i Afrike. Drvece je srednje visine (10-17m), uglavnom listopadno, sa listovima (duzine 2-12sm).
„Divlje“ vrste roda Pyrus mogu hibridizovati, slicno ostalim rodovima u potfamiliji jabuka (Maloideae), ali se prirodni areali ovih vrsta ne preklapaju i time je pojava hibridizacije bila sprecena. Sa neolitskim sirenjem poljoprivrede, ljudi vestacki dovode u kontakt „divlje“ vrste i pocinju domestifikaciju. Postoje dva naziva za domestifikovane (domace) kruske - Pyrus communis (evropska) i Pyrus pyrifolia (dalekoistocna). Ove dve vrste nastale su kroz dva nezavisna procesa domestifikacije, pre 500. p. n. e.
Od krusaka se pravi i vrlo kvalitetna rakija - kruska (kruskovaca), a najpoznatija kruskova rakija je od sorte viljamovke. Osim za rakiju, kruske se koriste i za pripremu kompota, dzemova, pekmeza, slatka, kao i dodatak za razne vocne kolace i torte.





Green pear.

View of green pears and leaves in the first days of June.
Pear is a genus of woody plants in the family Rosaceae, whose namesake fruit used in human nutrition. The species of the genus grow in temperate regions of Europe, Asia and Africa. The trees are of medium height (10-17m), mostly deciduous, with sheets (length 2-12sm).
"Wild" Pyrus species of the genus can hybridize with, similar to other genera of the subfamily of apple (Maloideae), but vast areas of these types of non-overlapping, thus the occurrence of hybridization was prevented. With the Neolithic expansion of agriculture, people artificially brought into contact "wild" species and starting to domestication. There are two names for domesticated (domestic) pear - Pyrus communis (European) and Pyrus pyrifolia (Far East). These two species were created through two independent domestication process, a 500 p. n. e.
Pear is a real and very good quality brandy - Pear (pear brandy), a famous Kruškova brandy of pear varieties. Except for brandy, pear used in the preparation of compotes, jams, sweet, and the addition of various fruit cakes.

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Additional Photos by Pavle Randjelovic (pajaran) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9118 W: 2598 N: 16148] (70726)
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