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Photographer's Note

61 sq.km. Small enough to call themselves the world's smallest republic. But it's also the oldest, they claim. Surrounded by Italy and the European Union, the story of why the hillsides of Monte Titano manage to stay independent dates far back.

It roughly started when Konstantin the Great in early 4th century said that the people who lived under Monte Titano should be free from "both men" (pope and the emperor). So they kind of had some common history already back then. Then when Italy were to be united in the late 19th century, San Marino provided shelter for the unifiers and served as a "free land" for them on the way to the Adriatic coast. The San Marino population themselves didn't want to join the unification, and it was ok because of the role they had played for the unifiers. Later, Italy has tried to get the land back at several occations, even joined forces with Austria ready to invade, but Napoleon's army managed to prevent this invation. Today San Marino remains a sovereign country, one of the most beautiful countries I've visited.

The panorama (stitch of 3) was taken 10-15 m below the top of Monte Titano, looking down towards the city of San Marino and italian mountains in the background.

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Additional Photos by Fredrik Henriksen (Bergenphotos) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 267 W: 55 N: 392] (2300)
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