Sighişoara (pronounced [sigiˈʃo̯ara]; German: Schäßburg; Hungarian: Segesvár; Latin: Castrum Sex) is a city and municipality on the Târnava River in Mureş County, Romania. Located in the historic region Transylvania, Sighişoara has a population of 32,287 (2002).
During the 12th century, German craftsmen and merchants known as the Transylvanian Saxons were invited to Transylvania by the King of Hungary to settle and defend the frontier of his realm. The chronicler Krauss lists a Saxon settlement in the actual Sighiṣoara by 1191. By 1280 it was known by the Latin name of Castrum Sex, and by 1298 by the Saxon name of Schespurch resp. Schaesbrich. By 1337 Sighişoara had become a royal center for the kings, who awarded the settlement urban status in 1367 as the Civitas de Segusvar.
The city played an important strategic and commercial role at the edges of Central Europe for several centuries. Sighişoara became one of the most important cities of Transylvania, with artisans from throughout the Holy Roman Empire visiting the settlement. The German artisans and craftsmen dominated the urban economy, as well as building the fortifications protecting it. It is estimated that during the 16th and the 17th centuries Sighişoara had as many as 15 guilds and 20 handicraft branches. The Baroque sculptor Elias Nicolai lived in the city. The Wallachian prince Vlad Dracul, who lived in exile in the town, let minted coins in the city (otherwise coinage was the monopoly of the Hungarian kings in the Kingdom of Hungary) and issued the first document listing the city's Romanian name, Sighişoara.
The city was the setting for George I Rákóczi's election as Prince of Transylvania and King of Hungary in 1631. Sighişoara suffered military occupation, fires, and plagues during the 17th and 18th centuries.
The nearby plain of Albeşti was the site of the Battle of Segesvár, where the revolutionary Hungarian army led by Józef Bem was defeated by the Russian army led by Luders on 31 July 1849. A monument was constructed in 1852 to the Russian general Skariatin, who died in the battle. The Hungarian poet Sándor Petőfi is generally believed to have been killed in the battle, and a monument was constructed in his honor at Albeşti in 1897. After World War I Sighişoara passed with Transylvania from Austria-Hungary to the Kingdom of Romania.
Central Sighişoara has preserved in an exemplary way the features of a small medieval fortified city, it has been listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Each year, a Medieval Festival takes place in the old citadel in July.
The houses inside the Castle of Sighişoara show the main features of a craftsmen's town. However, there are some houses which belonged to the former patriciate, like the Venetian House and the House with Antlers.
The Clock Tower
Landmark of Sighisoara, the Clock Tower is the most impressive and picturesque if it's towers. Its role was to be the main gate into the citadel and to house the town's council. It was built in the second half of the 14th century and expanded to 64m height in the 16th century. After a big fire in 1676 (when the town's gunpowder deposits exploded) the roof of the tower was restored to the present Baroque shape, and in 1894 the colorful tiles were added. The four small corner turrets (also seen in other Transylvanian towns) symbolize the fact that the town had judicial autonomy, and the "right of sword" (ius gladii) which was the right to convict criminals to death. The clock was installed in the 17th century. The tower houses the town's History Museum. Make your way to the wooden balcony at the top of the tower where you can look out over the town with its terra-cotta roofs and painted houses and the surrounding countryside. On the way to the balcony one can also see the clock mechanism.
I took the picture from a tripod after sunset while on my way home from Birthälm, where I spent the new year's eve. As a stand point I chose a spot on a hill nearby the village, from where I had a beautiful view. It was cold and the sky was overcast. I spent almost half an hour there and also took a panoramic photo which looks great printed at 91 cm length. This is a part of the panorama. I hope you like it!
ISOSpeedRatings - 100
ShutterSpeedValue - 5 seconds
ApertureValue - F 5.60
ExposureBiasValue - 0.00
MeteringMode - Multi-segment
Flash - Flash not fired, compulsory flash mode
FocalLength - 100 mm
ColorSpace - sRGB
ExposureMode - Manual
White Balance - Auto
Critiques | Translate
nivaldo (15415) 2008-01-14 7:29
A very beautiful picture and an interesting note!
Thanks for sharing it! Danke schön!
A Brazilian hug, um abraço,
Niebaotan (300) 2008-01-14 7:30
Lovely evening colors with nice shades on the roofs. The atmosphere is perfect in this one.
tola_ch2004 (549) 2008-01-14 8:00
Nice color, you must have a great time there.
Good POV, Clear and Sharp.
Thank for sharing.
TopGeo (38202) 2008-01-14 8:48
Hi Eduard! Wonderful choice! A picture with houses and silhouettes and shandow with background the sky, excellent lights and colours! very beautifully and combined. Him I will place in my collection? Silhouettes figures outline?.
francesav (749) 2008-01-14 8:52
beautiful colors, and very nice winter atmosphere.
scalerman (26900) 2008-01-14 9:38
Eduard: amazing shot, exhaustive note, but super colorful without being oversaturated IMO. regards, c
gneufeld (15890) 2008-01-14 9:39
A wonderful shot, Eduard. Perfect composition, stunning colors, and wonderful night contrasts. TFS. Gerald
Floydian (30970) 2008-01-14 9:49
This is really beautiful. A perfect mix of colours that suit the picture well. The light is stunning and your composition flawless...i like it a lot.
Zolive (5935) 2008-01-14 10:19
magnifique photo de nuit, les couleurs et la netteté sont grandioses. Your note is very instructive. Well done.
Valerka (8171) 2008-01-14 10:25
What elegant presentation of the place in your shot!
I'd say, it reminds me Andersen's tales.
The city is nicely lit and the snow in this light has a fairy colour!
claudigan (2837) 2008-01-14 11:15
Colours, sharpness, all of that give a romantic side to this shot. The composition with roofs and this luminous tower is fantastic!
Very interresting note too.
Thanks for sharing,
crettaz (2767) 2008-01-14 11:27
Les couleurs sur les maisons sont absolument superbes et la netteté parfaite. Excellente photo
Sekhmet73 (4149) 2008-01-14 12:42
Hi Eduard, the snow here creates very good reflections of colours, the light is very good, the tower above all these roofs is very nice.
teutza (10590) 2008-01-14 13:49
aoleu ma omori..p bune..ce de poze excelente ne arati!!!
cred k panorama este super!d c n-ai postat-o si p ea?:D
lousat (75456) 2008-01-14 16:16
Hi Eduard !! Your fans ( me too) are thinking at strike beacuse you upload not enought pics !!! We need one a day,they are beautifulls, one of the best gallery on TE,thanks a lot for this incredible photo and much interesting note,your friend and your fan,Luciano
asajernigan (21132) 2008-01-14 18:48
This is a great blue hour photo. The long exposure makes for a wonderful photo. You have done a nice job of blending both natural and artificial lighting to create a fantastic photo. The photo has excellent sharpness and DOF.
shevchenko (19271) 2008-01-14 18:53
Nice to see an old city colouring by lights at night, distinct image, good pov of roof tops shoot, thanks for sharing.
Bruno40 (6658) 2008-01-14 23:42
Really beautiful photo Eduard! excellent exposure management, well composed.
I like your work
anducina (8407) 2008-01-15 0:53
Superba arhitectura si culori. O fotografie de noapte foarte speciala.
trekks (14348) 2008-01-15 1:24
Very good landscape shot of architecture
.nice long exposure 5s
.good pov from this angle
p/s thank you for your 1st visit to my gallery
SNOOP_Chan (3905) 2008-01-15 2:19
Yes, sighisoara provides you some places to photo! Nice colors on this one and good sharpness too...tfs.
PixelTerror (0) 2008-01-16 1:20
The night photo enthusiast in me has to stop by this one, it has everything I like, the blue hour, an attractive subject, an excellent PoV, a good succession of elements providing depth to the picture, interesting lighting and added value from the snow on the roofs, nothing to fault here I like it a lot.
Have a nice day,
ayansadhu (1502) 2008-01-16 9:19
What a composition and that too so colorful that it deserves mention
lucinka (9976) 2008-01-16 9:34
Hi Eduard, this blue hour photo of Sighisoara is very beautiful. I've been there couple of years ago and liked it there very much. However I was not that lucky to take such an amazing shot. I particularly like the pink tone on those roofs with snow. Lovely work. Lucie
AROBN54 (11471) 2008-01-16 14:18
you do some of the most wonderful colors and the lighting is awesome. Beautiful scene, excellent detail and composition with the clocktower perfectly placed to draw attention. I LOVE those colored lights on the snowy rooftops. Wonderfully done!! Many thanks and kindest regards,
alainh (35581) 2008-01-17 10:04
the famous blue hour ! splendid use of the light. the colours are realy pleasant. a very nice place an a good picture to illustrate.
havea good day
InasiaJones (31448) 2008-01-23 13:37
I have to confess, I've never visited your gallery before and I'm discovering it after receiving one of your generous comment.
I can see you're a blue hour adept and a very good one! This photo is a real beauty, something we have to stop and admire. There's so many details to look at, the rooftops, the majestic clock tower, all these brilliant colours... It's a very nice composition.
atus (15838) 2008-02-02 11:11
this is one of those cities, I'd like to visit one day. The pov chosen is excellent and the vertical framing works greatly, adding also a very good depth to the picture. Great one! Tfs and best wishes.
Yffic (6106) 2008-03-10 5:59
Lovely night shot. Colors are great.
Very interresting note too.
Thanks for share.
- Copyright: Eduard Baak (snowfalken) (1116)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-01-02
- Categories: Castles, Architecture
- Camera: Canon EOS30D, Canon EF 70-200mm f/4 L USM
- Exposure: f/5.6, 5 seconds
- Details: Tripod: Yes
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): silhouettes figures out line [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2008-01-14 7:25
- Favorites: 4 [view]