The Hieronymites Monastery (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, pron. IPA: [muʃ'tɐiɾu duʃ ʒɨ'ɾɔnimuʃ]) is located in the Belém district of Lisbon, Portugal. This magnificent monastery can be considered the most prominent monument of Lisbon and certainly the most successful achievement of the Manueline style. In 1983 it was classified by the UNESCO, with nearby Torre de Belém, as a World Heritage Site.
The house for the Hieronymite monks was built on the same site of the Ermida do Restelo, a hermitage that was founded by Henry the Navigator at about 1450. It was at this hermitage, that was already in disrepair, that Vasco da Gama and his men spent the night in prayer before departing for India in 1497.
The existing structure was started on the orders of Manuel I (1515-1520) to commemorate Vasco da Gama's successful return from India. It was originally meant as a church for the burial of the House of Aviz, but it also became a house of prayer for seamen leaving or entering port.
Construction of the monastery began in 1502 and took 50 years to complete. He used pedra lioz, a local gold-coloured limestone, for its construction. The building of the monastery was funded by a 5% tax on eastern spices, with the exceptions of pepper, cinnamon and cloves, revenue from which went straight to the Crown. By this influx of riches, the architects had enough financial margin to think big. The enormous amount of funds needed for this monastery, meant abandoning the construction of the Aviz pantheon in the Monastery of Batalha.
The monastery was designed in the Manueline style by Diogo de Boitaca (who was probably one of the originators of this style with the Igreja de Jesus in Setúbal). He built the church, the monastery, the sacristy and the refectory. He was succeeded by the Spaniard João de Castilho, who took charge of construction in around 1517. João de Castilho gradually moved from the Manueline style to the Plateresco style, a style with lavish decorations that remind of silver ware (plata = silver). There were several sculptors who made their mark on this building. Nicolau Chanterene added depth with his Renaissance themes. The construction came to a halt when the king Manuel I died in 1520.
The architect Diogo de Torralva resumed the construction of the monastery in 1550, adding the main chapel, the choir and completing the two storeys of the monastery, using only Renaissance motifs. His work was continued in 1571 by Jérôme de Rouen (also called Jerónimo de Ruão) who added some Classical elements. The construction stopped in 1580 with the union of Spain and Portugal, because the building of the Escorial in Spain was now draining away all the funds.
The monastery withstood the Great Earthquake of 1755 without too much damage. But when the building became vacant in 1833 by the abolition of the religious orders in Portugal, it began to deteriorate to the point of almost collapsing. A cupola was later added to the southwestern tower.
I made this stitching with 3 photos vertical
Compressed RAW (12-bit)
Image Size: Large (3872 x 2592)
Lens: 18-55mm F/3.5-5.6 G
Focal Length: 42mm
Exposure Mode: Manual
Metering Mode: Multi-Pattern
1/50 sec - F/5.3
Exposure Comp.: +0.3 EV
Sensitivity: ISO 100
Optimize Image: Vivid
White Balance: Cloudy
AF Mode: AF-A
Color Mode: Mode IIIa (sRGB)
Tone Comp.: Normal
Hue Adjustment: 0°
Sharpening: Medium high
Long Exposure NR: Off
VR Control: Off
High ISO NR: Off
Critiques | Translate
angelsimon (2466) 2007-06-15 18:55
Una bella imagen de ese monumento, me gusta que la foto esté bien expuesta y que se vean los detalles a pesar de estar hecha a contraluz. El edificio en el que yo vivo en España se llama tambien los Jerónimos. Un saludo amigo.
lucasgalodoido (23651) 2007-06-15 19:18
Bonita essa imagem desse mosteiro, o céu cria uma atmosfera muito interessante e misteriosa, que combina com o homem solitário!
Parabéns e Abraço!
xuaxo (6854) 2007-06-16 13:17
Acho que não tiveste muita sorte com a luz ou com a hora do dia, ou com o próprio dia.
Tendo em conta o que nos tens mostrado, tenho a certeza que ainda voltarás a este local para fazer uma melhor foto deste clássico de Lisboa.
paura (46464) 2007-06-16 17:11
Beleza de palácio, Gonçalo. Sua foto está excelente para mostrar preciosos detalhes e um bonito céu a contrastar.
belido (19934) 2007-06-17 14:37
bela arquitetura desse mosteiro. Gostei muito do ponto de vista e a pessoa abaixo deu senso de dimensão. Incrível foram os detalhes capturados por você. Belo trabalho!
PS: aqui está o verde!
agbonavita (0) 2007-06-18 11:48
Outra bela foto Gonçalo, gosto da aquitetura contrastando com esse céu nublado ao fundo. O monastério é rico em detalhes e a nitidez da foto mostra todos eles para nós.
rossy85 (2879) 2007-06-20 4:16
Beautiful old architecture, very impressive. I like the color of the sky, you had a luck with these clouds to underline the lovely building.
Fis2 (107518) 2007-07-25 7:02
I like old architecture. Good frame and colors. Very interesting object. Photo has climate. Well done.
- Copyright: Goncalo Lopes (Bluejeans) (64251)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2007-06-16
- Categories: Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Nikon D40X, AF-S NIKKOR 18-55mm 1:3.5-5.6G ED II, Hoya 52mm Circular polarizer
- Exposure: f/5.3, 1/50 seconds
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Lisboa, Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, Monasteries in the World [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2007-06-15 18:12