Madeira was discovered in 1419 and in view of its excellent agricultural conditions the settlement of farmers started in 1425.
Being off the north African coast and enjoying a semi-tropical climate, it allows the cultivation of a great diversity of species: on the lowlands, banana trees, sugar canes, mangoes, papaias, granadillas, custard apples, at a middle level, fig trees, vineyards, medlar trees, on the highest slopes, grains such as corn, wheat, barley, rye together with European fruit trees, cherry trees, apple trees and plum trees.
Due to its rugged and slopped terrain the Madeira agriculture presents curious aspects, namely the intensive use of terraces and the development of a wide system of irrigation channels, the levadas, which collect the water descending from the mountains.
The levadas are one of the most peculiar features in Madeira for it extends to hundreds of kilometers being considered as the blood vessels of the Island.
One of the levadas leads us to the 25 Fontes (fountains), a peculiar group of 25 waterfalls: this is the pool.
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- Copyright: Antonio Coutinho (ajcoutinho) (568)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2006-08-26
- Categories: Nature
- Camera: Sony Cybershot DSC-W7
- Exposure: f/2.8, 1/30 seconds
- Details: (Fill) Flash: Yes
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2006-11-23 8:52
- Favorites: 1 [view]