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Photographer's Note

Located at the North-East of Portugal, in the hydrographic area of Douro river, surrounded of mountains which confer pedological and climatic specificities to him, the area extends on a zone from a total from 250 000 ha and is divided into three under-areas that their characteristics as well climatic as socio-economic distinguish clearly. These characteristics, suitable for the area of Douro, condition the economic exploitation of the natural resources and the activities which develop to with it. Formerly, only the zone of Upper-Douro was largely occupied by the vine, reason for which the owners created this expression of "Upper-Douro" to indicate the zone corresponding today to Lower and Upper-Corgo. The original limits of the delimitation separated Lower Douro from Upper Douro than the level of Cachão de Valeira. This division had with a geological undulation: the granite monolith being in the river made impossible any navigation beyond this obstacle. The difference in development between these two zones was obvious; it was enough to note the abundance of vines in Lower Douro compared to those of Upper Douro. With the administrative reform of 1936, the area of Upper Douro was renamed Lower-Corgo and Higher-Corgo, which allowed, amongst other things, to distinguish the wines produced in one and the other from these under-areas. Broadest extended from vineyards of the area are in Lower-Corgo which starts in Barqueiros on Northern bank, in Barrô on Southern bank and extends to the confluence from the rivers Corgo and Ribeiro de Temilosos with Douro. Broadest extended from vineyards of the area are in Lower-Corgo which starts in Barqueiros on Northern bank, in Barrô on Southern bank and extends to the confluence from the rivers Corgo and Ribeiro de Temilosos with Douro. Upper-Corgo exceeds Cachão de Valeira but the surface occupied by the vine is less important there. As for Upper Douro, it extends to the Spanish border.

The vine occupies in the area nearly 15,4% of the total surface. The zone of vineyards is exploited by nearly 33 000 wine growers of which each one has, on average, 1 hectare of vine.
The weight of the small producers in the production of wine of Porto should not thus be underestimated. These small pieces are dispersed on the whole of the area while the large farms are especially in Upper Douro.

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Additional Photos by JeanPierre Fayeulle (fayeulle) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1956 W: 626 N: 6621] (27827)
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