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Photographer's Note

The Sao Pedro de Alcantara garden is located in the street with the same name in the Bairro Alto area and is also one of Lisbon's best sights.

St George's Castle is a medieval citadel resting high atop one of the city's highest hills overlooking the Tagus River. The earliest mentions of St George's Castle date back to the XI century, when Arab geographers mention it defending the 'Quasabah' or 'Fortress'. In 1147, St George's Castle was conquered from the Moors by Portugal's first King Alfonso Henriques helped by crusaders as part of the Seige of Lisbon. In 1255, when Lisbon became the capital city, St George's Castle served as the royal palace and was later renovated by King Denis I. The castle was dedicated to Saint George by King Joan I in the XIV century. However, St George's Castle began to lose its statue in the XVI century, when King Manuel I built the Riberia Palace, particularly when St George's Castle was damaged by earthquakes in 1531 and 1755 and never properly rebuilt.

On the left are tower of the Igreja de Sao Vicente de Fora church, where the Fora describes the church's position outside the city's wall. It was built on the site of XII century monastery dedicated to St Vincent to commemorate the battle fought by the crusaders to capture Lisbon. The white limestone building, with twin towers, was designed by Italian architect Filippo Terzi; construction began in 1582, and took more than 40 years.

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Additional Photos by Zbigniew Kalinowski (fotka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 353 W: 5 N: 664] (3469)
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