The Cidadela de Cascais (Cascais fort) stands high above the Cascais Marina and the small fishing harbour, with solid imposing walls encircling the entire complex. The Cidadela de Cascais has been recently transformd in an exclusive hotel, a cultural and conference centre and improving the presidential residence.
The solid walls of Cidadela de Cascais has only had a brief history but the location of the fort has been a significant defensive position since the 15th century. The vantage point of the Cidadela de Cascais both out across the Atlantic Ocean and the mouth of the River Tejo was clear to king John II.
He instructed that a defensive tower be constructed and the Santo Antonio Tower was completed in 1490. The Santo Antonio Tower was a key defensive position and soldiers were permanently stationed at the tower to protect from seaward invasion. The tower was solely built for the defence of Lisbon but a thriving fishing community grow around the protection that the tower provided from pirates and raiding parties.
The large fishing community of Cascais was the main industry of the area right up until the dawn of tourism. The Santo Antonio Tower proved inadequate to prevent Spanish invasion of Portugal in 1580 and in the bay below the Santo Antonio Tower’s vantage point, the Duke of Alba claimed Portugal for Spain.
Under the Spanish king Philip II a great defensive program was devised to protect the Tejo Estuary and the small defensive position was greatly extended to include a garrison, defensive walls and the Fortalexa Nossa Sehora da Luz, Mary of the Light Stronghold. The Fortaleza da Luz (the strongholds shortened common name) was painted ochre, a light yellow/brown colour, to make the fort difficult to identify from a distance on the ocean.
The Cidadela de Cascais did not escape the destruction of the 1755 earth quake and the resulting tsunami, with both the Fortaleza da Luz and the Santo Antonio Tower’s being severely damaged. During the rebuilding of the Cidadela de Cascais the height of the tower was lowered and the perimeter wall strengthened. During the peninsular war part of the Napoleonic wars the Cidadela de Cascais was involved in numerous battles against the French. In the 19th century Cascais became popular with the Portuguese royal family and King Luis terminated the military occupation and converted the Cidadela de Cascais into a lavish summer palace.
This tradition of the Cidadela de Cascais being used as the summer retreat of the ruling president has continued to the present day. The Cidadela de Cascais was the first area of Portugal to have outside street lighting which was installed in 28th September 1878.
All Rights Reserved: KIKS Copyright © . Use in any form of this photo is forbidden without the written permission of the photographer.
Please contact: Kiksphotos@hotmail.com
Critiques | Translate
dta (63750) 2013-05-22 13:34
Hello Kiks ,
What a good capture you've done here ! three strong elements in the excellent composition . Superb light and contrast with the blue sky .
I've not seen a so beautiful sky during my visit of Casacais .
npecanhuk (61842) 2013-05-22 20:29
Interesting and beautiful details!
Attractive picture with excellent photo quality!
Special regards to the vertical format, exposure and composition!
TFS - congrats,
SWEETFREEDOM (21848) 2013-05-22 22:41
an interesting corner of the citadel. very nice colors and sharpness.
emka (74159) 2013-05-22 23:20
I like this presentation in nice well saturated colors. Superb light management and interesting compositionn with the sharp edge of the citadel.
dkmurphys (47230) 2013-05-23 2:41
Very attractive corner of this old fortified wall. I like the colors and the contrasts. Well taken, enjoy a fine day.
jhm (136072) 2013-05-23 3:30
U koos een mooie hoek waardoor we perfect zien de hoek van de grote muur.
Precies een guillotine mes.
De gele muur en de blauwe hemel zorgen voor een zeer zacht contrast.
Mooi en scherpe foto, perfect gedaan.
mkamionka (29529) 2013-05-24 7:10
very unusual and therefore interesting corner of the citadela. You have found a great angle to emphasize the original geometry. Great weather and respectively colors. Beautiful work,
josepmarin (57593) 2013-05-28 3:11
the vivid and saturated-well colors provide a great power to this composition.
The light is good, the shades are efficient, and the elements which you have included in the framing adds a strong graphical quality to the ensemble.
A beautiful work.
ChrisJ (94844) 2013-05-28 22:17
I like the stepped wall leading downward into this image and adding perspective. The angled wall in the mid distance adds further interest. Good sharpness and marvellous warm cold color contrasts between the blue sky and the yellow facade of the building at left and the yellow red tones of the earth. Tfs!
Robert1969 (6858) 2013-05-29 0:02
Mooie spel der lijnen, diepte en hoogte.
Alles is wederom weer prachtig verdeeld
en belicht. Ook niet onbelangrijk: ook
de kleuren zien er mooi en helder uit.
abmdsudi (40538) 2013-05-29 7:49
An amazingly detailed shot great textures and brilliant colors, an interesting combination of old and new architecture and obviously the bright yellow house creates such a stunning contrast to the whole scene. Indeed an eye catching shot in excellent clarity, sharpness, extensive depth and lots of content to savour. Well done, Congrats.
P/s; Tx to your critique and points noted, in fact I have experienced drop of upload quality lately - probably due to compression.
adramad (35841) 2013-06-01 8:15
I resume my activity in TE, after two weeks of travel in Cordoba, La Adrada and Barcelona, where I enjoyed the company of Josepmarin and Pili, wonderful hosts.
POV Sensational captured this fort, with this corner that looks like the bow of a boat, nice contrast with the house next door, which stands with the yellow.
Magnificent good sharpness and lighting, which give a very powerful image with this vivacity colors.
A great job.
Enjoy a great weekend.
bayno (18342) 2013-06-04 4:21
Really wonderful colors...very good chose of POV and framing, i like the location, so good light too, super details...well done...
williamcoombs1 (363) 2014-02-01 10:47
This is fabulous: you capture Cascais using a perfectly placed wide angle under a flawless sky. And the stone works so well with the adjacent building. Superb composition!
- Copyright: kik ko (kiks) (11749)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2012-07-00
- Categories: Castles, Architecture
- Camera: Panasonic Lumix TZ30
- Exposure: f/5.6, 1/500 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2013-05-22 13:27