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Photographer's Note

Hi dear TE friends,

Another historic place in this picture, from the century IV Before Christ !

In the beginning, I had thought to post a photo including someone, but I decided to put that one in the Workshop. Then, looking at this stormy sky and considering this is really a mystic place, I thought it would probably be better only like this. Anyway, I can tell you these stones are generally higher than 2 metres.

This is the Almendres Cromlech (circle of menhirs). It's situated in the countryside, near a village called Guadalup, less than 1250m the southwest of the Mount of the Almendres, 12 Km west of Evora city.

In the WORKSHOP you can see pictures of the Cromech drawing and people in the place

It dates from the 4000 - 3000 B.C. but it has been discovered only in the 20th century (1964), by archaeologist Henrique Leonor Pina.

It’s considered the biggest one in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the most important in Europe. It's formed by around 95 monoliths, forming a wide irregular circle. It seems that this has been a sacred place all through the history.

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The Almendres Cromlech megalithic complex, located near Évora, Portugal, is one of the earliest public monuments. It is the largest existing group of structured menhirs in the Iberian Peninsula, and one of the largest in Europe.
This megalithic monument originally consisted of more than one hundred monoliths, some of which have been taken away for other uses. A recent dig showed that the complex had undergone several building phases during the neolithic period (5000 - 4000 b.c.).
92 menhirs of different sizes currently form two grounds that were built oriented to different equinox directions. About a dozen monoliths present some form of carved drawings, four of which exhibit only small circular holes. It is believed that the monument had religious purposes and functioned as a primitive astronomical observatory.

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Cromeleque dos Almendres

O Cromeleque dos Almendres situa-se próximo de uma encosta suave, voltada a nascente, com 413m de altitude, a 1250m a sudoeste do Monte dos Almendres, e a cerca de 12 Km a poente de Évora.
Este monumento megalítico no seu início constituido por mais de uma centena de monólitos é na sua forma actual, o resultado de uma longa evolução funcional e construtiva processada a partir de finais do VI milénio, principios do V milénio, e que se desenrolou até ao começo do III milénio a.C., reflectindo as transformações económicas, sociais e ideológicas então ocorridas. A descoberta deste monumento ocorreu em 1964, por intermédio de Henrique Leonor Pina, aquando dos trabalhos de campo da Carta Geológica de Portugal. Aquele arqueólogo efectuou sondagens onde foram recolhidos fragmentos de cerâmicas e um machado de pedra polida, ainda não publicados. Publicados foram a planta do recinto, bem como fotografias do mesmo e um menir decorado com representações solares e descoberto em 96, bem como outro que ostentava covinhas. Três campanhas de escavação levaram à definição das várias fases de construção do monumento ao longo da sua vida útil. Podemos considerar em termos evolutivos, o Cromeleque dos Almendres como dividido em três fases: a primeira do Neolítico Antigo Médio, a segunda do Neolítico Médio e a terceira do Neolítico Final.

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Additional Photos by Aires dos Santos (AiresSantos) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6708 W: 209 N: 14053] (56155)
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