The Berlengas archipelago is a group of small islands 10 to 15 kilometers off the Portuguese coast, west of the town of Peniche. These islands were traditionally known to British mariners as "the Burlings".Human occupation on Berlenga Grande (the only habitable island) dates back to antiquity: the islands are referred to in Ptolemy's Geography as Λονδοβρίς (Londobris). Much later it was referred to as the island of Saturno by Roman geographers, and was visited successively by Muslims, Vikings and pirates/privateers from England and France.In 1513, with the support of Queen Leonor, monks from the Order of São Jerónimo established a settlement on the island to offer assistance to navigation and victims of frequent shipwrecks. The monastery founded there (the Monastery of the Misericórdia da Berlenga), remained until the 16th century, when disease, lack of communication (due to constant inclement weather) and regular assaults by pirates and privateers (from England and France), forced the monks to abandon their service on the island.After the Portuguese Restoration War, during the reign of King John IV, the Counsel of War determined that the demolition of the monastery ruins, and the use of their rocks to build a coastal defense would help protect the coastal settlements; the Fort of São João Baptista das Berlengas was constructed from the remnants of the monastery ruins. By 1655, it had already, during its construction, resisted an assault by three Barbary coast pirates.The island's lighthouse (dubbed Duke of Braganza by locals) was constructed in 1841. In the 20th century a solar panel was installed in the lighthouse's 29 metres (95 ft) column, providing a 50 kilometres (31 mi) field of vision.Nowadays, the archipelago has no permanent population.The International Coordinating Council of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB), meeting in Dresden (Germany) from 28 June to 1 July, while adding 18 new sites, included the Berlengas to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR): in a statement on 30 June 2011, the list of classified reserves were presented.
Critiques | Translate
HimalAnda (10667) 2013-10-09 23:40
The vertical format is a very good choice: we can see the impressive path going toward the castle.
The light is quite nice, even if there were clouds in the sky. The horizon line tilts a little bit on the left.
arnie (1805) 2013-10-10 3:21
A good vertical shot giving great depth to the shot following the causeway to the fort, good detail.
Sergiom (79633) 2013-10-10 5:55
Le regard suit naturellement le sentier dans l'image, ce qui lui donne beaucoup de profondeur en portant le regard au loin vers le fort qui domine la mer environnante. Le cadrage vertical est très bien choisi.
dkmurphys (58687) 2013-10-11 0:54
Spectacular pov of this sea road to the fortress. I like the colors and the sharpness, well taken.
Have a nice day.
lgir (7293) 2013-10-11 7:56
excellent perspective to the fort on an image to color contrasts and a sharpness Beautifully rendered despite dreary weather.
Noel_Byrne (31130) 2013-10-11 8:16
Brilliant shot, the lead in from the pathway is perfect, and so unusual that it is over water like this! The castle itself is an architectural gem, and so unique. All this captured with soft and gentle light balancing the strength of the structure, and the color tones are superb. Love this shot, thanks for sharing.
All the best
npecanhuk (75442) 2013-10-12 12:30
Very interesting and attractive place!
Very beautiful and inviting picture!
Vertical format, chosen pov, composition and colors are highlights here!
TFS - congrats,
SparkyQuasar (185) 2013-10-14 5:10
Disparo muito bem idealizado. tudo perfeito. parabéns
adores (45337) 2013-10-20 8:10
Beautiful shot of this unique place! I like the high pov and the format. You framed the place perfectly and those people walking to the fort add a lot. Even with the cloudy weather you got very good colours, the tonalities of the water are fantastic!
- Copyright: Grzegorz Oczkowicz (GREGG) (7888)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2013-09-15
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Canon 5D, 17-40 f/4 L USM Canon, RAW, 77mm HOYA UV
- Exposure: f/11, 1/200 seconds
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2013-10-09 20:44