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Photographer's Note

This is my photo from short trip to Kętrzyn. Very nice small city with so rich history.

The original inhabitants of the region were the Balt tribe of the Aesti, mentioned by Tacitus in his. Germania (AD 98). The town, known in German as Rastenburg and in Polish as Rastembork, was established in 1329 in the Monastic state of the Teutonic Knights and was granted town rights in 1357 by Henning Schindekop.

Rastenburg and the surrounding district was the scene of the First World War's first and second battles of the Masurian Lakes. During the Second World War Adolf Hitler's wartime military headquarters, the Wolfsschanze (Wolf's Lair), was located in the forest east of Rastenburg. The bunker was the setting for the failed 20 July plot against Hitler. In 1945 the area suffered devastation from both the retreating Germans and advancing Russians during the Vistula-Oder campaign. Some ruins of the Wolfsschanze remain. The town itself served as a Wehrmacht garrison town until it was occupied by the Red Army in 1945.

After the war, it was taken over by Poland, as provided for by the Potsdam Conference. Its surviving German residents who had not evacuated were subsequently expelled westward and replaced with Poles. The town was renamed Rastembork in 1945, and in 1950 to Kętrzyn after the Kashubian historian and activist Wojciech Kętrzyński.

cornejo, jcpix, Graal has marked this note useful

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Serghei Pakhomoff (serp2000) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2983 W: 67 N: 4322] (37517)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2012-07-28
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/7.1, 1/160 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2013-08-16 11:36
Viewed: 526
Points: 24
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