During Wrocław's early history, its control changed hands between Bohemia (until 992, then 1038–1054), the Kingdom of Poland (992–1038 and 1054–1202), and, after the fragmentation of the Kingdom of Poland, the Piast-ruled duchy of Silesia. One of the most important events in those times was the foundation of the Diocese of Wrocław by the Polish Duke (from 1025 king) Bolesław the Brave in 1000. Along with the Bishoprics of Kraków and Kołobrzeg, Wrocław was placed under the Archbishopric of Gniezno in Greater Poland, founded by Otto III in 1000. In the years 1034-1038 was a pagan reaction.
The city became a commercial centre and expanded to Wyspa Piaskowa (Sand Island, German: Sandinsel), and then to the left bank of the River Oder. Around 1000, the town had about 1,000 inhabitants. By 1139, a settlement belonging to Governor Piotr Włostowic (a.k.a. Piotr Włast Dunin) was built, and another was founded on the left bank of the River Oder, near the present seat of the University. While the city was Polish, there were also communities of Bohemians, Jews, Walloons and Germans.
In the first half of the 13th century Wrocław became the political centre of the divided Polish kingdom.
The city was devastated in 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe. While the city was burned to force the Mongols to withdraw quickly, most of the population probably survived.
Church of St. Giles, built 1241-42
After the Mongol invasion the town was partly populated by German settlers who, in the following centuries, would gradually become its dominant ethnic group; the city, however, retained its multi-ethnic character, a reflection of its position as an important trading city on the Via Regia and the Amber Road.
With the influx of settlers the town expanded and adopted German town law. The city council used Latin and German, and "Breslau", the Germanized name of the city, appeared for the first time in written records. The enlarged town covered around 60 hectares, and the new main market square, which was surrounded by timber frame houses, became the new centre of the town. The original foundation, Ostrów Tumski, became the religious center. Wrocław adopted Magdeburg rights in 1262 and, at the end of the 13th century joined the Hanseatic League. The Polish Piast dynasty remained in control of the region, but the right of the city council to govern independently increased.
In 1335, Breslau, together with almost all of Silesia, was incorporated into the Kingdom of Bohemia, then a part of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1342 and 1344, two fires destroyed large parts of the city.
Critiques | Translate
sabermonajati (11239) 2013-01-03 5:15
attractive and fascinating view from city with red roofs you captured.
happy new year
tedesse (25135) 2013-01-03 8:07
Piekna panorama Wroclawia!
Doskonaly POV i DOF, piekne kolory i swiatlo.
SNOOP_Chan (4377) 2013-01-03 8:51
Hello Barbara, your view here is just breathtaking. Good strong colors on the shot. What can i say more about the POV, the best in town i guess. The composition is basically split in two, the red roofs on the right and the green trees on the left. Good shot!
Regards and Happy 2013!
Kielia (24077) 2013-01-03 9:20
very well done, those red roofs really attract the eyes and the composition is well chosen.
I also like all the summer sky above the city.
My compliments also for the interesting notes!
eldancer1 (36343) 2013-01-03 9:51
Beautiful panoramic view of this beautiful city. I like your pov and it has good dof with sharp details. Wonderful colors. Well done, tfs.
Fis2 (97515) 2013-01-03 10:05
Trafilas pogode super.
Kolorki i swiatlo jak z bajki.
cargus (10251) 2013-01-03 10:35
Beautiful composition, beautiful colors, well framed and rendered image well.!
bema (26425) 2013-01-03 10:45
Hi dear Barbara,
a happy new yer 2013 to you and yours!
great panaoramic shot here, like a lot the colors the perfect chosen pov, creating a fine depth, too..
have a nice year, see you soon, cheers Bernd
cornejo (42251) 2013-01-03 11:24
Hello Barbara, this is a lovely view of this interesting city. A wonderful picture nicely captured in this beautiful picture, great pov, good sharpness, depth, light and color. Excellent and lovely job very well done, congratulations my friend. Thanks for sharing your beautiful work.
Good night and happy weekend.
Best regards and best wishes from the south of Spain.
npecanhuk (75422) 2013-01-03 12:05
Sharpness, exposure, colors, contrasts, slim black borders, horizontal format, chosen pov and composition are all excellent!
TFS - congrats,
COSTANTINO (65178) 2013-01-03 12:36
excellent postcard from this beautiful city
spectacular view to all those houses
with red roofs,dynamic colours very
wellcomoosed,your notes are very useful
brianmcc (6219) 2013-01-03 13:06
this is a fantastic image looking over the rooftops of the city. the light and resulting colours are superb and very well managed. you have a great degree of detail and sharpness.
lousat (91302) 2013-01-03 14:34
Hi Barbara,a magnificent point of view to see a lot of things of this city,great composition,a lot of bright colors and great details everywhere,i like it!Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano
zoomer (6) 2013-01-03 17:08
Hi Barbara,this is such a well composed and finely detailed picture of this beautiful place.The colors are vivid and natural.Great view,all the best,Wolf.
bukitgolfb301 (41806) 2013-01-03 21:14
Hi dear Barbara
A HAPPY NEW YEAR 2013!
Fantastic bird view image, red rooves are so wonderful and fashinating. Your note is very useful. I know the recent history around WWⅡ but I just know that periods. Thank you for you sharing and have a good day!
Takero from Tokyo
aliabazari (16168) 2013-01-03 22:42
The combination of image composition is very good. I love it. Exposure nicely done.
emka (97489) 2013-01-04 0:00
Witaj, piekna panorama Wrocławia, czy to widok z wieży katedry? miałaś piekna pogodę i przejrzyste powietrze, ostrość i widoczność są fantastyczne.
raszid62 (18515) 2013-01-04 3:50
Piekna panorama Wroclawia z bardzo wysokiego POV-u na czerwone dachy miasta i Odrê. Cudowna kolorystyka i rewelacyjna ostro¶c obrazu. Te kamieniczki s± naprawdê wspania³e.
ourania (45344) 2013-01-04 10:54
a very impressive and beautiful bird's eye view over this splendid town. Your picture has amazing depth and clarity and there's a great abundance of interesting and delightful details to explore and observe. You've managed the diverse lighting and the great range of bright and dark colours very aptly to offer us a wonderful, clear picture. Congratulations and thank you!
All the best, have a great day,
mumek (20202) 2013-01-04 18:31
Good evening Barbara!
Coz za sliczne swiatlo w tej pieknej scenerii z Wroclawia. Piekna panorama z przyjemna kolorystyka. Notatki Twoje sa naprawde interesujace i mozna sie duzo ciekawostek dowiedziec.
s_lush (16134) 2013-01-04 23:55
I like this bird's-eye red-rooftop view very much. Excellent composition, wonderful architectural and natural features, bright sunlight making the contrast being perfect, beautiful colors and unbelievably high quality!
ikeharel (71321) 2013-01-05 1:00
Took this from a high POV over town, with great daylight on it's red roof-tops.
Fine clear view till far horizon, a flat land, and a city stretch along the river.
I see a mix of modern buildings mingle well with relatively older houses.
Enjoy a nice weekend,
Schnappilic (9690) 2013-01-05 5:32
Splendid panorama of Wroclaw from this high point. Lovely red roofs and very good warm light. I like it! Congratulations!
krzychu30 (15512) 2013-01-05 10:02
piekne miasto i piekna panorama.Fantastycznie skadrowalas cala scene-te czerwone dachy na pierwszym planie sa naprawde malownicze i ozywiaja niesamowicie cala scene.Do tego piekna aura,ktora sprawia,ze calosc jest znakomicie oswietlona.Zdjecie ma super ostrosc i glebie oraz piekne,zywe kolory i dobry kontrast.
Pozdrawiam serdecznie i zycze milego WE
mkamionka (36699) 2013-01-05 23:01
ten kosciol nazywa sie o ile pamietam sw. Elzbiety (z ktorego zrobilas zdjecie). Ja tez mialem kiedys przyjemnosc tam robic zdjecia ale to bylo przed czasem aparatow cyfrowych i nie sa najlepszej jakosci.
Twoja panorame podziwiam za mnostwo detali, piekna ostrosc i kolory. Kto zna Wroclaw moze tu wyszukac sporo ciekawych miejsc np uniwersytet.
Niedawno przejezdzalem przez Wroclaw. Korzystalem z nowego pieknego lotniska we Wroclawiu. Niestety nie mialem okazji sie zatrzymac.
Zucca (8) 2013-01-06 9:36
Great panoramic view over the city, colors are catchy, no doubt old neighbourhoods are worth being visited !
Have a nice evening !
macjake (67706) 2013-01-07 1:02
How could anyone NOT love a view like this one!
you have captured tremendous lighting, very bright and luminous.
wonderful views, it brings back fond memories, as I"m sure it does for you!
excellent sharpness and quality here
Cricri (119395) 2013-01-07 10:18
Magnifique panorama, la lumière, les couleurs, la vue sur le fleuve, les bâtiments, tout est intéressant a voir , vraiment une belle réalisation
Kamilutka (8107) 2013-02-08 5:21
pieknie sfotografowlaas moje rodzinne miasto - milo widziec je z tak dobrze wybranego punktu. Piekne kolory i swietna kompozycja. Bardzo dobrze ustawiony kontrast i ostrosc. jednym slowem - podoba mi sie wszystko!
- Copyright: Barbara Stec (Sonata11) (33795)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2012-07-27
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Canon EOS Rebel T2i, Tamron 18-270 F/3.5-6.3 Di II VC PZD
- Exposure: f/16, 1/125 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2013-01-03 4:34