The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Wrocław, (Polish: Archikatedra św. Jana Chrzciciela, German: Breslauer Dom, Kathedrale St. Johannes des Täufers), is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Wrocław and a landmark of the city of Wrocław in Poland. The cathedral, located in the Ostrów Tumski district, is a Gothic church with Neo-Gothic additions. The current standing cathedral is the fourth church to have been built on the site.
A first church at the location of the present cathedral was built under Přemyslid rule in the mid 10th century, a fieldstone building with one nave about 25 m (82 ft) in length, including a distinctive transept and an apse. After the Polish conquest of Silesia and the founding of the Wrocław diocese under the Piast duke Bolesław I Chrobry about 1000, this Bohemian church was replaced by a larger basilical structure with three naves, a crypt, and towers on its eastern side. The first cathedral was however soon destroyed, probably by the invading troops of Duke Bretislaus of Bohemia around 1039. A larger, Romanesque-style church was soon built in its place in the times of Duke Casimir I, and expanded similar to Płock Cathedral on the behest of Bishop Walter of Malonne in 1158.
After the end of the Mongol invasion, the church was again largely rebuilt in the present-day Brick Gothic style. It was the first building of the city to be made of brick when construction of the new choir and ambulatory started in 1244. The nave with sacristy and the basements of the prominent western steeples were added under Bishop Nanker until 1341.
On June 19, 1540, a fire destroyed the roof, which was restored 16 years later in Renaissance style. Another fire on June 9, 1759, burnt the towers, roof, sacristy, and quire. The damage was slowly repaired during the following 150 years. In the 19th century, Karl Lüdecke rebuilt the interior and western side in neogothic style. Further work was done at the beginning of the 20th century by Hugo Hartung, especially on the towers ruined during the 1759 fire.
The cathedral was almost entirely destroyed (about 70% of the construction) during the Siege of Breslau and heavy bombing by the Red Army in the last days of World War II. Parts of the interior fittings were saved and are now on display at the National Museum in Warsaw. The initial reconstruction of the church lasted until 1951, when it was reconsecrated by Archbishop Stefan Wyszyński. In the following years, additional aspects were rebuilt and renovated. The original, conical shape of the towers was restored only in 1991.
The cathedral holds the largest pipe organ in Poland built in 1913 by Walcker Orgelbau for the Centennial Hall, formerly the largest organ in the world.
Critiques | Translate
swiatopelk777 (0) 2010-05-04 3:31
Very fine composition. Amazing flowers. Wonderful facade. Nice brightness, very nice colors. Good sharpness. Original frame.
Greetings from Warszawa!
bukitgolfb301 (37312) 2010-05-04 4:28
So wonderful and amazing shot!!! Good combination of the two objects! Perfect considered composition/ framework and sharp/clear description in the detail. Vivid color tone and sharp contrast is quite attractive and marvelous. Congratulation on your nice job!
Thanks for sharing and have a good day!
Ola_Kwiatek (0) 2010-05-04 4:43
Very funny colors, superb brightness. Nice composition. Beautiful effect. Very fine composition. Original picture.
Fante (5429) 2010-05-04 5:02
izjemna kompozicija in več kot primeren naslov fotografije. Tele cvetoče veje res izredno poživijo že samo po sebi veličastno arhitekturo. Zelo dobro delo s svetlobo, saj glede bližine belih cvetočih vej, ni enostavno ujeti pravo mero osvetlitve. Ideja je fenomenalna in občudovanja vredna. Čestitam.
Lep deževen pozdrav
Silvio1953 (128399) 2010-05-04 5:52
Ciao Stasa, bellissima composizione con la magnifica pianta fioriota che spicca alla grande sulla meravigliosa facciata, fantastica luce, brava
SWEETFREEDOM (23248) 2010-05-04 8:47
originale composizione con buona gestione della luce.
paololg (31448) 2010-05-04 10:46
Ciao cara Stasa,
questo ricamo fiorito contrasta magnificamente con la vecchia architettura della chiesa in ombra. Hai fatto una piacevole composizione, giocando bene con la luce. Peccato che non si senta anche il profumo di questi fiori! :-)
Ciao, buona serata, cara amica!
cobra112 (15589) 2010-05-04 12:38
Ciao Stasa. Bravissima per la composizione e la vena artistica che hai tirato fuori con il gioco di luce sull'albero fiorito a conrastare con il campanile. Complimenti!
giorgimer (34899) 2010-05-04 14:08
ottima idea, il titolo č allo stesso tempo geniale e poetico, cosě come il mix di natura e architettura.
ciakgiak (30423) 2010-05-04 14:59
davvero splendida la luce sui fiori bianchi, un elemento che impreziosisce l'immagine in maniera incredibile.
Perfetta l'idea di lasciare la cattedrale in BG, ottima composizione.
Un caro abbraccio
baddori (20021) 2010-05-04 15:15
Ti posti in Polonia e ci ritrovi tutti.
Una idea ed una realizzazione bella ed fotograficamente efficace. inflorescenze ed squarci dell'architettura che si fondono , mantenendo caratteristiche e particolari , significativi intatti
yeln (11516) 2010-05-04 22:27
zelo lepa pomladna slika s čudovitimi barvnimi kontrasti. cvetoče drevje v ospredju jo naredi še bolj mikavno. tudi arhitektura je lepa in ti si srečnica, ki je to že videla kot marsikaj drugega. vidim, da zelo rada potuješ in tvoj nikonček s teboj. kar vidiš ti vidi on. lepo!! zelo obširen in poučen "note"!
emka (84169) 2010-05-04 23:48
Ciao DStsasa, I didn't known that you were in Wrocław! Very nice composition with the old walls of the cathedral and this wonderful cherry tree.
npecanhuk (69146) 2010-05-05 2:26
Very attractive picture with a specially beautiful composition, excellent management of light and wonderful colors!
TFS - congratulations!
peppe59 (14551) 2010-05-05 7:53
i complimenti che ho fatto ad Adele li giro anche a te per questa maestria di comporre.Ottimo lavoro amica mia.