Established in the early 12th century, during the reign of Bolesław III Wrymouth (Polish: Boleslaw Krzywousty), the first stronghold was razed by the Tatars in 1241. In the mid-14th century a new gothic castle was built here to accommodate the Sulimczycy family. Surrounded by three high rocks, the castle was well integrated into the area. The defensive walls were built to close the circuit formed by the rocks, and a narrow opening between two of the rocks served as an entrance.
In 1470 the castle and lands were bought by the wealthy Cracovian townsmen, Ibram and Piotr Salomon. Then, Ogrodzieniec became the property of Jan Feliks Rzeszowski, the rector of Przemyśl and the canon of Cracow. The owners of the castle about that time were also Jan and Andrzej Rzeszowskis, and later Pilecki and Chelminski families. In 1523 the castle was bought by Jan Boner. After his death, the castle passed to his nephew, Seweryn Boner, who replaced the medieval stronghold with a renaissance castle in 1530–1545.
In 1562 the castle became the property of the Great Marshal of the Crown Jan Firlej, as a result of his marriage with Zofia- the daughter of Seweryn Boner. Later on, in 1587, the castle was captured by the arms of the Austrian archduke Maximilian III, the rejected candidate to the Polish-Lithuanian throne. In 1655, it was partly burnt by the Swedish troops, who -deployed here for almost two years- destroyed the buildings considerably. From 1669 on, the castle belonged to Stanislaw Warszycki, the Cracow's castellan, who managed to partly rebuild the castle after the Swedish devastations.
About 1695 the castle changed hands once again becoming the property of the Męciński family. Seven years later, in 1702, over a half of the castle had burnt down in the fire set by the Swedish troops of Charles XII. After the fire, it was never to be rebuilt. About 1784 the castle was purchased by Tomasz Jaklinski, who did not care for its condition. Consequently, the last tenants left the devastated castle about 1810. The next owner of the Ogrodzieniec Castle was Ludwik Kozłowski, who used the remains of the castle as a source of building material and sold out the castle's equipment to the Jewish merchants.
The last proprietor of the castle was the neighbouring Woloczynski family. After the Second World War, the castle was nationalized. The works aimed at preserving the ruins and opening them to the visitors were started in 1949 and finished in 1973.
Critiques | Translate
cjmm (4479) 2013-08-19 7:01
Nice photo and interesting note about the Castle, with good overall exposure and details.
It is only me, but I would consided cropping the image in order to get a tighter FoV, and at the sametime taking away as much as possible of the wall on the right. The tower looks great and full of details, so that OoF part, could be a little distracting.
- Copyright: Michal Czaja (miczz) (45)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2013-08-15
- Categories: Ruins
- Camera: Canon 1100d, Sigma 17-70 / F2.8-4 DC Makro OS HSM
- Exposure: f/3.5, 1/1600 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2013-08-16 2:58