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The Afsluitdijk (English: Closure Dike) is a major causeway in the Netherlands, constructed between 1927 and 1933 and running from Den Oever in North Holland province, to the village of Zurich in Friesland province, over a length of 32 km (20 miles) and a width of 90 m, at an initial height of 7.25 m above sea-level.

It is a fundamental part of the larger Zuiderzee Works, damming off the Zuiderzee, a salt water inlet of the North Sea and turning it into the fresh water lake of the IJsselmeer (on the right side).

The last trench in the Afsluitdijk was closed on May 28, 1932. The dike itself however was not finished yet as it still needed to be brought up to its required height and a road linking Friesland and North Holland also remained to be built.

It would not be until September 25, 1933, that the Afsluitdijk was officially opened, with a monument (viewing tower) designed by architect Dudok marking the spot where the dike had been closed. The monument can be seen in this photo.

Source: Wikipedia

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