Riga is located at the site of an ancient settlement of the Livs, an ancient Finnic tribe, at the junction of the Daugava and Ridzene (Latvian: Rīdzene) rivers. The Ridzene was originally known as the Riga River, at one point forming a natural harbor called the Riga Lake, neither of which exist today. Some believe that the name of the river gave Riga its name.
The modern founding of Riga is regarded by historians to begin with German traders, mercenaries and religious crusaders who arrived in Latvia in the second half of the 12th century, attracted by a sparsely populated region, potential new markets and by the missionary opportunities to convert the local population to Christianity.
Bishop Albert was proclaimed Bishop of Livonia by his uncle Hartwig, Archbishop of Bremen and Hamburg in 1199. He landed in Riga in 1201 with 23 ships and more than 1500 armed crusaders, making Riga his bishopric. He established the Order of Livonian Brothers of the Sword (later a branch of the Teutonic Knights) and granted Riga city rights in that same year. Albert was successful in converting the King of the Livs, Caupo of Turaida, to Christianity, although, as related in the Chronicle of Henry of Livonia ("Hencricus Lettus"), it took him three decades to gain full control of Livonia (German Livland). Riga as well as Livonia and Prussia came under the auspices of the Holy Roman (German) Empire. It was not until much later, at the time of Martin Luther, that Riga, Livonia and Prussia converted to Protestantism.
As the influence of the Hansa waned, Riga became the object of foreign military, political, religious and economic aspirations. Riga accepted the Reformation in 1522, ending the power of the archbishops. With the demise of the Teutonic Knights in 1561, Riga enjoyed twenty years as a free city. In 1581, Riga came under the influence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Attempts to reinstitute Roman Catholicism in Riga and southern Livonia failed as in 1621, Riga and the outlying fortress of Daugavgriva came under the rule of Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden, who intervened in the Thirty Years' War not only for political and economic gain but also in favor of German Lutheran Protestantism. During the Russo-Swedish War, 1656-1658, Riga withstood a siege by Russians. Riga remained the second largest city under Swedish control until 1710 during a period in which the city retained a great deal of self-government autonomy. In that year, in the course of Great Northern War, Russia under Tsar Peter the Great invaded Riga. Sweden's northern dominance ended, and Russia's emergence as the strongest Northern power was formalized through the Treaty of Nystad in 1721. Riga was annexed to Russia and became an industrialized port city of the Russian empire, where it remained until World War I. By 1900, Riga ranked the third in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg in the number of industrial workers.
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Critiques | Translate
MIG13 (0) 2006-06-17 13:41
Hi, George! As usual, a nice pic, with a good perspective and a great resolution (it's possible to notice the different colours of each building). Thnks for sharing! Greetings from Rio! Miguel.
Andrzej_HHH (2480) 2006-06-17 13:41
Very beautiful composition of colors with high quality sharpness. Good work! Regards. Andrzej
aralda (1240) 2006-06-17 13:45
It's nice to see that these houses are so well taken care of. The colors are very nice, and it's good to see that no paint is peeling off or that the stucco is coming off, as is the case, unfortunately, with many turn-of-last-century houses here in Transylvania.
Dragonheart (8414) 2006-06-17 14:41
Beautiful colours, like your pov. beautiful shot.
Buin (42466) 2006-06-17 15:41
What a really lovely scenery! This street seems so cosy and calm...and the colours! Thank you for showing this - I like it very much, especially the colours and the point of view!
Greetings from Germany!
talatbay (2424) 2006-06-17 16:29
Hi George ,
colourful and nice shot.
pasternak (15185) 2006-06-17 18:39
Very colourful indeed, and this compensates for the lack of light and not a 100% perfect composition. Maybe the POV could be a little bit to the right, now the angle of the buildings on the left is too tight...
But what is nice about the shot is that it gives the viewer the exceptional feeling of the old Riga.
Thanks for sharing
InasiaJones (31566) 2006-06-17 19:10
Very pleasing view of this cozy street with colouful and interesting architecture.
Thanks for making us discovering Riga.
worldcitizen (8570) 2006-06-17 19:23
I really like the view of this cobblestone street. The architecture is beautiful, and I like the way there are also buildings at the end of the street, giving us a view from two perspectives. The colors are wonderful. I love the warm and historic feeling that streets like this convey.
alana (2625) 2006-06-17 20:25
Excellent composition with rich colors, interesting point of view, architecture details, contrast and sharpness. Very well captured and seen.
sabyasachi1212 (19779) 2006-06-18 3:41
I am really fascinated by your recent posts on Riga, a capital city so colourful, I could never imagine. This one is brilliant as well.
With Greetings from India
veve (4189) 2006-06-18 4:25
Very good image with many colors!
RGatward (20086) 2006-06-18 15:02
Certainly cooouful, quiet pleasant street, I think it was around the corner from where I stayed last week. I like the man standing there.
agbonavita (0) 2006-06-19 18:59
I like that one! The calm street with few peoples, increse the beauty of Riga.
Thanks for share that incredable city with us George.
quantabeh (5205) 2006-07-30 23:58
beautiful picture of this urban setting. You seem to post really great pictures of home and city blocks. keep up the good job!
krakowiak (4762) 2006-08-01 4:38
This is a very good photogarphy, good balanced with a nice colours. It shows that you don't need beautyful weather to take a great photo. These colorful houses look fabulous here and You've showed this in a fantastic way!
danyy (0) 2006-08-08 12:10
on peut dire que tu fais fort dans la qualité.
Non seulement le cadrage est parfait, mais aussi le panel de couleurs bien rendu par des lumières bien dosées.
Vraiment une photo qui donne envie de visiter une ville, qui plus est très propre et nette.
Un tout bon travail.
With my best regards.
benkrut (2407) 2006-08-10 23:06
A narrow street, tall colourful buildings, small cafes, the artist painting on the street - this is an image of an old town in many cities in Europe. Riga, as we can see above, is one of them.
Very nice shown.
wanna_yu (0) 2006-08-15 7:00
Lovely view of Riga, full of colours. Excellent composition and perspective, very very nice work :)
John_F_Kennedy (43665) 2006-09-12 11:18
Wowo - that is the street I went along in spring. Beautiful capture. Great contrast and sharpness.
salvator (19110) 2007-01-23 4:46
A beautifull place, with beautifull colors and very nice pov and composition.
Best regards. Salvator.
danos (97377) 2007-04-22 13:43
i like these old colourful houses.The architecture is beautiful,and the houses in the and of the street create a sense of depth.Excellent the light,the details and the contrast.Well done.
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2005-08-00
- Categories: Daily Life, Architecture, Artwork
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Colours from Europe, Magnificent architectural memories from Europe [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2006-06-17 13:31
- Favorites: 1 [view]