Photos

Photographer's Note

From wikipedia
In ancient times Lanuvium was an important town in the nearby of Rome. The emperors Antoninus Pius and Commodus were born here. It decayed after the reign of Theodosius I (late 4th century AD), and was mostly abandoned due to the shutting down of its Pagan sanctuaries.
It is mentioned again in the 11th century, when it was a seat of a Benedictine monastery. In the early 15th century it was acquired by the Colonna family, to whom it belonged until 1564.
During World War II it was bombed by sea and air by the Allied, and almost entirely destroyed.
Lanuvium (more frequently Lanivium in Imperial Roman times, later Civita Lavinia, modern Lanuvio) is an ancient city of Latium, some 32 km southeast of Rome, a little southwest of the Via Appia.
Lanuvium was situated on an isolated hill projecting south from the main mass of the Alban Hills, and commanding an extensive view over the low country between it and the sea. According to the legend, it was founded by Diomedes, or by one Lanoios, an exiled from Troy. The first documented traces of the settlement dates however from the 9th century BC. In the 6th century BC it was part of Latin League.
It warred against Rome at the battle of Aricia (504 BC) and Lake Regillus (496 BC) and again in 383 and 341 BC, mostly with negative outcomes. In 338 BC it was conquered by Rome. At first it did not enjoy the right of Roman citizenship, but acquired it later; and even in imperial times its chief magistrate and municipal council kept the titles of dictator and senatus respectively.
It was especially famous for its rich and much venerated temple of Juno Sospes, from which Octavian borrowed money in 31 BC, and the possessions of which extended as far as the seacoast. It possessed many other temples, repaired by Antoninus Pius, who was born close by, as was also Commodus. Other people who sojourned in Lanuvium include Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Marcus Iunius Brutus and Marcus Aurelius.
The edict of Theodosius I (391 AD), which made Christianism the sole religion of the Roman Empire, caused the decay of the city, which was later abandoned.
Remains of the ancient theatre and of the city walls exist in the modern town, and above it is an area surrounded by a portico, in opus reticulatum, upon the north side of which is a rectangular building in opus quadratum, probably connected with the temple of Juno. Here archaic decorative terracottas were discovered. The acropolis of the primitive city was probably on the highest point above the temple to the north. The neighborhood, which is now covered with vineyards, contains remains of many Roman villas, one of which is traditionally attributed to Antoninus Pius.
Da wikipedia
L'odierno centro urbano insiste sul sito dell'antica Lanuvium, ben identificata quest'ultima grazie alle testimonianze di Strabone e di Appiano.

Sulle presunte origini di Lanuvio, ci sono pervenute una serie di tradizioni tra loro contrastanti, cosa questa tra l'altro riscontrabile per altre cittÓ del Lazio antico. La prima che si rifÓ al filone greco-argivo Ŕ quella tramandata da Appiano, secondo cui la fondazione di Lanuvio fu dovuta a Diomede figlio di Tideo, signore di Argo. La seconda, invece, relativa al filone troiano, Ŕ emersa grazie al ritrovamento di frammenti di intonaco rinvenuti nel 1969 a Taormina e appartenenti al ginnasio dell'antica Tauromenion, dove si parla di Fabio Pittore, primo annalista romano, e gli si attribuisce la narrazione dell'arrivo in Italia, in seguito alla guerra di Troia, di un certo Lanoios, fondatore nel Lazio di una cittadina, che avrebbe preso da lui il nome.

Studi sulla veridicitÓ di queste tradizioni si sono susseguiti nel tempo, e tra l'altro gli ultimi progressi della ricerca archeologica hanno restituito loro un buon margine di credibilitÓ, anche se alcune di esse sono da prendere cum grano salis.

Per Lanuvio, infatti, c'Ŕ discordanza tra le fonti antiche, che riporterebbero la fondazione della cittadina agli anni immediatamente successivi alla guerra di Troia (1180-1170 a.C.), e le testimonianze archeologiche i cui reperti pi¨ antichi, rinvenuti sul colle San Lorenzo, si datano al pi¨ presto agli inizi del IX secolo a.C..

evanrizo, ribeiroantonio, lucasgalodoido, bracasha75, Charo, Vasa has marked this note useful

Photo Information
Viewed: 2528
Points: 19
Discussions
Additional Photos by Giorgio Clementi (Clementi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3694 W: 437 N: 9370] (52514)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH