Rome - Church of the Gesù
The Church of the Gesù (Italian: Chiesa del Gesù) is the mother church of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order also known as the Jesuits. Officially named Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Gesù all'Argentina its facade is "the first truly baroque façade", introducing the baroque style into architecture. The church served as model for innumerable Jesuit churches all over the world, especially in the Americas. The Church of the Gesù is located in the Piazza del Gesù in Rome.
First conceived in 1551 by Saint Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Jesuits Society of Jesus, and active during the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Reformation, the Gesù was also the home of the Superior General of the Society of Jesus until the suppression of the order in 1773.
Although Michelangelo, at the request of the Spanish cardinal Bartolomeo de la Cueva, offered, out of devotion, to design the church free, the endeavor was funded by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, grandson of Pope Paul III, the pope who had authorized the founding of the Society of Jesus. Ultimately, the main architects involved in the construction were Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, architect of the Farnese family, and Giacomo della Porta. The church was built on the same spot as the previous church Santa Maria della Strada, where Saint Ignatius of Loyola had once prayed before an image of the Holy Virgin. This image, now adorned with gems, can be seen in the church in the chapel of Ignatius on the right side of the altar.
Construction of the church began on 26 June 1568 to Vignola's design. Vignola was assisted by the Jesuit Giovanni Tristano, who took over from Vignola in 1571. When he died in 1575 he was succeeded by the Jesuit architect Giovanni de Rosis. Giacoma della Porta was involved in the construction of the cross-vault, dome, and the apse.
The revision of Vignola's façade design by della Porta has offered architectural historians opportunities for a close comparison between Vignola's balanced composition in three superimposed planes and Della Porta's dynamically fused tension bound by its strong vertical elements, contrasts that have sharpened architectural historians' perceptions for the last century (Whitman 1970:108). Vignola's rejected design remained readily available to architects and prospective patrons in an engraving of 1573.
The design of this church has set a pattern for Jesuit churches that lasted into the twentieth century; its innovations require enumerating. Aesthetics across the Catholic Church as a whole were strongly influenced by the Council of Trent. Although the Council itself said little about church architecture, its suggestion of simplification prompted Charles Borromeo to reform ecclesiastical building practise. Evidence of attention to his writings can be found at the Gesù. There is no narthex in which to linger: the visitor is projected immediately into the body of the church, a single nave without aisles, so that the congregation is assembled and attention is focused on the high altar. In place of aisles there are a series of identical interconnecting chapels behind arched openings, to which entrance is controlled by decorative balustrades with gates. Transepts are reduced to stubs that emphasize the altars of their end walls.
The plan synthesizes the central planning of the High Renaissance, expressed by the grand scale of the dome and the prominent piers of the crossing, with the extended nave that had been characteristic of the preaching churches, a type of church established by Franciscans and Dominicans since the thirteenth century. Everywhere inlaid polychrome marble revetments are relieved by gilding, frescoed barrel vaults enrich the ceiling and rhetorical white stucco and marble sculptures break out of their tectonic framing. The example of the Gesù did not completely eliminate the traditional basilica church with aisles, but after its example was set, experiments in Baroque church floor plans, oval or Greek cross, were largely confined to smaller churches and chapels.
Critiques | Translate
rychem (30371) 2014-02-11 8:56
The light on this dome is simply fantastic, warm and delicate, great capture
tenretin (2545) 2014-02-11 9:43
Superbe photo avec une lumière magnifique. C'est bien composé et bien cadré.
serp2000 (42554) 2014-02-11 9:48
The sky is some noisy, it's strange for ISO100 and so good exposure. but I like this composition, good conrast of the dome in the sunlights with the dark sky.
Greetings from Russia!
NeleThys (34) 2014-02-11 9:52
Nice and warm light, dramatic air... love the contrast
cornejo (37719) 2014-02-11 10:00
Ciao Romano, grande fotografia di questa bella e interessante composizione con la bella luce della sera cupola d'oro, ben catturato con un buon pov, buona nitidezza, bel colore e della luce. Ottimo lavoro ben fatto, complimenti amico mio, grazie per la condivisione.
Buona notte e felice settimana.
mesutilgim (90734) 2014-02-11 10:17
This can be described only as "divinal light" !
Simple but beautiful.
Many interesting notes.
TFS and best regards
jemaflor (91301) 2014-02-11 10:50
Good close up on the dome, good idea for an original result, lovely warm light well captured, tfs.
Silvio1953 (133822) 2014-02-11 13:00
Ciao Romano, gran bel taglio e favolosa luce, te l'ho già detto e te lo ripeto, ci stai mostrando una Roma tutta nuova, bravissimo, ciao Silvio
PaulVDV (25593) 2014-02-11 13:10
What a wonderful light. Probably that of the setting sun. It has created splendid fiery colours on the dome and on the roof. With that almost black sky the well lit church stands out even much more.
Best regards, Paul
carlo62 (41299) 2014-02-11 15:05
una luce molto calda, come piace a me e un taglio molto particolare e originale.
Condivido con Silvio, la "tua" Roma ha un aspetto diverso e per questo molto più interessante.
npecanhuk (72044) 2014-02-11 17:46
Ciao! Beautiful and interesting details! Very attractive picture with special regards to the composition, exposure and colors! Tfs, Congrats! Cheers, Neyvan
subhendu_bagchi (25991) 2014-02-11 17:58
another beautiful architectural shot here. You chose a nice angle to shoot it. Great light upon the dome. Excellent sharp image quality and nice colour tone. Nice one. Tfs.
Corry (4508) 2014-02-11 20:37
J'aime bien cette photo où la lumière n'éclaire que le dôme de l'église alors que le reste du bâtiment demeure dans l'ombre. Très bien fait.
krzychu30 (15510) 2014-02-12 0:30
this is one of these shots where light creates its completely different,but so captivating look of the scene.
This one is really well spotted and executed.Again you considered well the close-up and we can enjoy architectural details in best quality.
And the light and colors helps you to make this scene so moody.
Have a nice day
mirosu (15878) 2014-02-12 1:45
Excellent church roof detail photo in superb golden sunlight. The view up is perfect and all roof details excellent. I like the superb contrast against darker sky.
Very well done.
Kamilutka (8105) 2014-02-12 3:35
another lovely architectural detail. The dome is shining in this glorious sun and sets up very nice contrast with the dark blue background.
The angle you took this picture at is very good and makes the dome seem to emerge from the rest of the building.
Very pretty colors and fabulous light.
Thanks for sharing
timecapturer (49288) 2014-02-12 5:54
golden light on this beautiful dome. It takes on a real magical quality when captured like this. All the detail and architectural beauty enhanced sublimely. Glorious!
jurek1951 (42196) 2014-02-12 7:52
a very nice photo of this imposing church, the composition is attractive, great view,
elenimavrandoni (0) 2014-02-12 10:02
Romano, questo colore caldo è davvero bellissimo!!
sempre con tu punto di ripresa molto speziale!!
Gigidusud (18723) 2014-02-12 13:52
Ciao Caro Romano,
Splendida cupola illuminata da una luce stupenda e con ottima inquadratura. Mi piace molto!
Un caro saluto.
Angshu (56740) 2014-02-12 21:39
The light is delightful as the dome basks in the beautiful houes. The contrast with the sky makes this stand out...beautifully done...
abmdsudi (48812) 2014-02-13 9:22
A nice piece of local architectural detail and good idea homing in on a smaller area rather than including the whole building. Love the low warm light filtering through the dome really makes this shot stand out. Great comp and brilliant colours, always a pleasure to view, Congrats.
delpeoples (56042) 2014-02-14 4:17
Una luce spettacolare, colto perfettemente. Mi piace molto il taglio stretto ed il contrasto tra i colori caloroso e quello che sembra grigio. I dettagli dell'architettura sono impressionante. Complimenti e ti auguro un buon weekend.
batalay (37449) 2014-02-15 7:25
The sunlit dome of the Chisa del Gesù is presented with majesty. I see that the construction was begun in 1568, just four years after Michelangelo died. It is a magnificent edifice.
Have a good Sunday,
Giustiniani (3632) 2014-02-16 15:02
lumière magnifique, couleurs et cadrage superbe, le petit jardin ajoute une note raffinée à cette superbe photo. Parfait.
emka (89411) 2014-02-16 22:41
Marvelous view of the Il Gesu Dome in beautiful evening light. Interesting colours and strange these white dots. Funny tom see the plants on the roof of another building. Superb composition.
WArm regrads MAlgo
Didi (59694) 2014-02-17 8:20
Another great architectural details fery good tight frame
Very interesting warm lights ambiance on the dome
Hanssie (10465) 2014-03-01 2:36
There's a nice light on the attic.....