Photographer's Note

I had rainy weather in Bologna, so my photos are not so attractive, but I would like to present my impressions and the things I found interesting in the cities I visited.
This is the view of Piazza San Stefano, I liked this place very much, it seems less known for tourists. Typical features of Bologna - arcade and ochra colour. I hope you like it.
For me Bologna was interesting because of its university.
A tradition of the thirteenth century attributed the foundation of this university to Theodosius II (433); but this legend is now generally rejected. The true date of its founding is uncertain, but believed by most accounts to have been 1088. It is the oldest continually operating degree-granting university in the world. The fame of its professors drew to Bologna students from all parts of Italy and from nearly every country of Europe. It is said that their number at the beginning of the thirteenth century was 10,000. Bologna was known as the "Mater studiorum", and its motto, "Bononia docet", was literally true. Bologna in its earliest organization was a "student" university: professors were hired by the students to give instruction. Its history is one of great thinkers in science and the humanities. Famous scholars and students included Pico della Mirandola and Leon Battista Alberti, who devoted themselves to canon law; and Nicolaus Copernicus who began his astronomical observations while studying pontifical law. Paracelsus (aka Paracelso), Albrecht Dürer, St. Carlo Borromeo, Torquato Tasso, and Carlo Goldoni all spent time at the University. Other notable members of the University of Bologna: Dante Alighieri, Girolamo Cardano, Giovanni Cassini, Ulisse Aldrovandi,Marcello Malpighi, Laura Bassi, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Luigi Galvani, Carlo Goldoni, Umberto Eco,
Pier Paolo Pasolini

By the way, it is for me a mystery that there were only a few women in the history of mathematics. One of them was Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718 - 1799), mathematician, and philosopher. She is credited with writing the first book discussing both differential and integral calculus. She was an honorary member of the faculty at the University of Bologna. According to Dirk Jan Struik, Agnesi is "the first important woman mathematician since Hypatia (fifth century A.D.)".
Laura Bassi (1711 – 1778) was an Italian scientist, the first woman to officially teach at a college in Europe.
Earlier women were not allowed to study. So it is easier to understand. But even now, no women in mathematics, theoretical physics, computer science. Why? No math on planet Venus:))

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Additional Photos by Malgorzata Kopczynska (emka) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 8118 W: 108 N: 20573] (105722)
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