Stroncone is a town of 5,007 inhabitants in the province of Terni.
The site on which stands the town of Stroncone can be identified with the ancient Trebula Suffena, there is no definite information on the origin of the center. E 'likely, however, that the settlement arose during dell'altomedioevo, probably built by people who previously lived in the valley and saw the new site a safer place and a haven, perhaps more easily defensible from a small element defensive, a watch tower guard post of some important roads for the time. Stroncone came to find, in fact, in a border area between the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto and the territory under the control of the Byzantines .. Just the name of one of the dukes of Spoleto, Ugone, follows that of the center, obtained from the original "castrum Hugonis" corrupted "Castrugone", "Strungone" and finally "Stroncone.
The first document attesting to the existence dates back to the Chronicon up area of the Abbey of Farfa, in 1012 the year when John Peter gives to the monastery of San Simeon, his possessions in the territory of Stroncone, houses and all that has casalini 'inside the "castle" Stroncone and its portion of the church of Sant'Angelo, which is defined as "oratory" on this date, in the Chronicon Stroncone name is listed several times until 1118.
Other documents of the eleventh century confirm the existence of a settlement now well established, a real castle, complete with fortifications and walls, inside of which are houses, a square, houses of worship.
The original settlement of the country was focused on the highest point of the spur of rock on which it stands. The urbanization of the country was initially confused, defensive and residential structures were modified or constructed according to contingent needs. Subsequently, despite the inaccessible area is well organized and outlined a country shaped like you can see today, with the typical elements of the medieval village: narrow, winding streets, churches with walls close to normal houses, stone doorways and a well within the walls.
In 1156 Bernard Dimaldo Ulderico donated the castle to the Abbey of Farfa who kept it until 1177. Three years later, passed under the direct rule of the church (which will remain forever faithful) was employed instead of the rector of Tuscia.
A document of 1181 speaks of consuls and people of Stroncone, confirming that at that time it was built in the Municipality.
He had several times to support the assault of Narni, Spoleto and that allies against the city of Terni sought to extend its dominance in the valley of Nera.
In 1215, Narni, Spoleto from the ally supported sparse Stroncone completely to the ground, seizing and occupying the Castle Sant'Angelo, and imposing taxes on Marmore in Terni.
Just to counter the expansionist policy of the town of Narni, in perpetual feud with the towns of Terni and Rieti, and in view of the restructuring of the Papal States, Pope Innocent III confirmed to Stroncone municipal autonomy by requiring Narni rebuild the country destroyed and solemnly promise not to put forward more demands on the same domain.
From this moment on, the policy will always be the center of the Guelph party so that they appear on the emblem of the town the white cross on a red background ee papal keys. Stroncone is next to Narni in supporting the army of the pope against the imperial troops of Frederick II of Swabia, backed by the city of Terni. Narni Stroncone always imposed to send well-armed horsemen to help Spoleto threatened by Manfredi.
By the fourteenth century the town, still following the fate of Narni, is governed by the rectors of the Papal States (Ugo Augeri, Bernardus De Lacu, Pietro di Vico, Jerome Orsini Francesco Orsini, Nicola Orsini), replaced by 1377, at the end of 'exile in Avignon popes, from vicar of the Holy See to govern through a commissioner.
In January 1378, the municipality of Stroncone, small "land side" in the diocese of Narni, was seen by Gregory XI to recognize the privilege of land immediately subject to the Holy See, a space of freedom, which was later confirmed at the beginning of ' Modern Age of Leo X. In 1394 the fortress was occupied by Pandolfo Malatesta, the leader of a band of Bretons, and in 1404 by Andrea Tomacelli: in the latter event, the castle was partly destroyed by the same stately Stronconesi to get rid of the garrison and later rebuilt, if it is Admittedly, in 1493, the passage of Pius II Piccolomini, the place still looked "fournished.
In 1214 he was again occupied by Ladislas of Naples in 1433 by Francesco Sforza, who rule the roost in Umbria in the pay of the Visconti.
In 1527 during the passage of the imperial troops, the Landsknecht, in 1527, when troops of the Constable of Bourbon, on their way to Rome, they camp at Stroncone with the intention to lay siege to the castle to plunder, only the 'intervention of Terni begs the massacre. The signs of the subsequent reconstruction are still very evident in many buildings, especially in the isolated and the walls of the town hall. Not to forget the political and economic influence exerted by the Friars Minor in the life of the town since the fifteenth century, so as to promote even Stroncone as in the main towns of Umbria, the birth of a Monte di Pietà (1466) and a Monte Frumentario (1489) with the aim of combating illegal economic activities and immoral.
In 1528 the town was briefly under the rule of Spoleto.
In 1545, reads the status of the "Magnificent Defenders of the Earth", the local militia to replace the mercenary soldiery.
In the sixteenth century the land was governed by the cardinals of the Sacred College through the office of mayor, while the end of the sixteenth century, with the administrative reform of the Papal States introduced by Sixtus V, the center was submitted directly to the Apostolic Chamber, which depended by the pope himself, and was ruled by a commissioner resident apostolic. For this reason, as in other towns of the Papal States (see the case of Rieti and Terni), next to the Palazzo dei Priori, seat of local government, was built the Apostolic Palace, the seat device of the central government, with the governor's residence and the adjoining prison, expression of the judiciary that the governor explicit. The population of the castle, which at the end of the 500 consisted of only five hundred souls. While the county did not reach six hundred homes, was not divided into territorial divisions, but in the two parishes of St. Angelo and St. Nicholas. As there is no parish boundaries, the two colleagues were carefully mixed and even "acted in a funeral and exercised the care of others."
In the town is also recorded from the late Middle Ages and in modern times, the presence of three fraternities: the square of San Giovanni was the Society of Mercy charitable purposes and hospitality (in fact holding the hospital of St. Rocco); close Piazza della Rocca of the Society of the Banner, directed by the Friars Minor, the Brotherhood of Sacramento to Santa Maria di Piazza, later known as San Giovanni Vecchio and finally Santa Maria della Porta, all aggregated to the same name archconfraternities of Rome.
Among the most significant events of modern times, there is the sustained resistance by the inhabitants of Stroncone against the French troops of Napoleon, who penetrated the walls of the country only after a siege lasting seven days and deceit. In 1809, the younger brother Angelo Coletti, encouraged by the disorder of post-revolutionary period, with an escort horse penetrates the night in the convent of San Damiano in Assisi and steals the body of Blessed Anthony Stroncone to return to his home town. City Hall became the Kingdom of Italy, Stroncone was joined to the town of Terni in 1929. Only after the Second World War, in 1947, regained self-government.
Critiques | Translate
Nicou (122006) 2011-02-11 9:17
sueprbe image et compo, quel cadrage et captage, quelle maîtrise de lumirèe, grandisoe iamge et réalisation, super.
Bravo et amitiéNicou
besnard (53535) 2011-02-11 9:42
Une très belle composition avec ce passsage couvert qui a beaucoup de charme. L'image est nette, la lumière bien maitrisée. Dans les temps anciens celà devait être risqué de s'y aventurer la nuit.
Merci pour le partage et bonne soirée.
SWEETFREEDOM (22724) 2011-02-11 10:18
grande gestione della luce e colori come sembre molto fedeli. nitidezza super.
yquem46 (38734) 2011-02-11 10:18
I'm quite admiring the way you manage light in difficult situations and this is the case again here. No overexposure and details in the parts in the shade
very pleasant image of this covered passage and the small street which follows
have a nice WE
npecanhuk (65500) 2011-02-11 10:32
Really beautiful picture!
Special regards to the chosen pov, the management of light and the composition that are all oustanding features here!
TFS - congrats,
annjackman (19603) 2011-02-11 11:16
You are really a master of these beautiful pictures taken through alleyways and arches. This is one of your best with fabulous light management emphasising then subtle colours. Beautiful detail in the stonework.
Kind Regards, Ann
magalik (6103) 2011-02-11 12:01
So indubbiamente che visiterò l'Umbria nel futuro, le tue foto mi danno la voglia.
Questo tipo di luoghi, volte fatte di pietra esprimano veramente per me l'incanto dell'Italia e ciò che ricerco quando vado in Italia. Mi danno molto la voglia di essere qui. Bellissima Italia.
Ottimo PP. La luminosità e la nitidezza sono impeccabili.
nikkitta (14852) 2011-02-11 12:18
Like the way yo manage to make a picture of a photo, by the original way to put a frame playing with light and dark
All is stone, from floor to walls, perfect sharpness to show this old and beautiful alley
bema (26341) 2011-02-11 13:08
as i told you in an previous post, i like such ways and domed alley-roads.. aperfect place for a stroll and fine captures, and so you did here in this fine picture..
have a nice evening, see you around, Bernd
ciakgiak (30411) 2011-02-11 13:22
Ciao Silvio carissimo,
ma dove le scovi queste meraviglie? E' uno scorcio affascinante questo vicolo coperto, ed hai gestito la luce in modo perfetto. Bellissima!
Un caro abbraccio
Budapestman (82620) 2011-02-11 14:25
a beautiful photo of this place, the composition is very nice, great details and lights, nostalgic mood, Tfs! Have a nice weekend! Kellemes hétvégét kívánok!
Mari63 (4085) 2011-02-11 14:29
Ciao Silvio, la nota è davvero molto interessante.
Lo scorcio è ripreso alla grande, con maestria direi, per l'eccellente gestione delle luci e delle ombre. ogni particolare è in evidenza.
delpeoples (53009) 2011-02-11 14:51
Ciao caro Silvio
Ti piaciono i vicoletti, vero? Sembra che puoi sempre trovare i vicoletti misteriosi e caratteristichi. Immagino qui la luce sarebbe difficile, quindi l'esposizione e davvero buono con bel gioco di luci ed ombra. Sarei molto interessante di vedere un taglio verticale di questo POV, senza i muri a destra e sinistra nel primo piano. Ottimo lavoro mio caro amico, passa una bella serata.
AKITA (15125) 2011-02-11 22:10
a splendid inner perspective picture of beautiful old stone alley,
arches and walls are superb in this light and composition,
the graceful and relaxed time looks like staying here from old time till now, and maybe to the future,
anyway this still and settled atmosphere is wonderful,
thank you for your excellent shot,
emka (78918) 2011-02-11 23:50
With 5,007 inhabitants it is quite a big town (I like these exact figures :)). another fantastic old Umbrian corner.
SnapRJW (31137) 2011-02-12 1:43
Hello Silvio - "The Capture of Light" this surely is. Excellent exposure control, wonderful colour and detail. Congratulations. best regards Rosemary
siudzi (33581) 2011-02-12 3:20
You have found a very interesting place. Like the way, walls and arches made by stones. Excellent light management and exposure. Great work, TFS.
francio64 (38276) 2011-02-12 5:19
architettura medievale tipica delle costruzioni umbre.
Particolare questo vicolo in parte coperto.
Sonata11 (33251) 2011-02-12 7:39
this interior is a very beautiful and unique. Fantastic place to be there. It's outstanding and extraordinary. I love your pictures from the interesting places. It's beautiful colors, sharpness, clarity perfect and fantastic POV. All are perfectly and flawlessly done.Thanks for sharing and for your infomation. My congrats.
All the best and have a great weekend,
siamesa (27741) 2011-02-12 8:31
Boa tarde Silvio
The effect of the ilumination in the ground is amazing. Excellent note and photo. TFS
Didi (56889) 2011-02-13 11:12
J'apprécie la lumière latérale qui met en valeur l'aspect de cette vieille ruelle.
C'est très agréable de voir ces vieilles pierres.