Polino is the smallest town in Umbria and one of the most beautiful, surrounded by woods and overlooking 835 meters of altitude on the Nera Valley, which develops at his feet traveled by the Black River. Located between Spoleto and Rieti, at the foot of Mount Petano, was much sought after since the Middle Ages, because the land border and of great strategic importance.
Formerly known as "Pulino", was founded in the twelfth century by a powerful feudal family, the Polini, who gave it the name and administered it for a long time, then leaving the government to the family of Arroni. In 1248 Pope Innocent IV granted it's Spoleto in 1333 and was occupied by the militia of Robert d'Anjou King of Naples, became commanding general of the Papal States. The Arroni so had to swear loyalty to the city of Spoleto.
In 1416 the castle was bought by Nicholas VIII, Bartholomew IV and XV Corrado Trinci (who meanwhile had become rulers of Foligno) who began to defend a castle with three soldiers. In 1417 they were lords of Thomas and Gianpaolo nail with their families. After the death of Nicholas IV, VIII and Bartholomew (1421, Nocera Umbra), the fortress was given to his brother Corrado Trinci XV.
Returning to Polini, a popular uprising in 1527 killed the noble Andrea de 'Domo, accused of violence against a child. To avoid unnecessary bloodshed, Polino was returned to Spoleto. In 1528 he settled in the castle's militia Sciarra Colonna II, allied to the Landsknecht, which raged throughout Umbria.
In '500, the government began the Castelli family of Terni, which thanks to its enviable position used it as a stronghold. Near the fortress is still a public source built in 1615 by the Marquis Giambattista Castelli I, Count of Polino, and Torre Collestatte Orsina. It 'a tripartite facade and its base are three collection tanks topped with lion heads, which spouts gushing from the mountain springs of water.
Giambattista Castelli II, Patrician of Terni, ladies and Polino Marquis of the Holy Roman Empire, she arranged for her daughter, Maria Clelia with the Marquis Baldassini Alexander, Lord of Pesaro, Gubbio and Senigallia. The union was born Mary Francis Castles Baldassini but left no direct heirs.
Towards the end of 700 there he settled his family Albergotti of Arezzo. Then started (1762) in the mountains above the activity of an iron mine and silver that was used to mint, the mint room, the first shield of Clement XIII, but the mine remained active for only a few years, because of too many impurities of 'silver.
With the French Republic Polino joined the Canton of Terni. With the Restoration and until 1860 it was common baronial, governed by the Marquis Filippo Simonetti Stefanoni and later by the Marquis Antonio Albergotti.
Original defensive system to double wall remains today the beautiful Renaissance fortress. In the square opposite the castle 10 January 1944 the partisans of the two fascist battalion Spartacus executed and distributed to the population pounds of wool and 400 quintals of grain diverted from the clusters and for the Germans.
Today the town has about 310 inhabitants.
Critiques | Translate
lousat (57626) 2013-02-19 5:44
Ciao Silvio,ammazza se pende oggi,rischio di veder cadere qualche calcinaccio nel Naviglio che ho piazzato sulla sinistra della tua foto nella gallery....eheh...la qualita' e' eccellente,grande esposizione e dettagli,peccato per il cronico difetto.Buon pomeriggio,Luciano
batalay (32860) 2013-02-19 6:04
The image captures the entirely of Polino, and with the superb note puts it into historical and geographic perspective. The "burn umber" colors used by painters evidently gets its name from Umbria, something I had never connected before.
Warm regards, my friend,
carlo62 (12582) 2013-02-19 6:08
hai dimenticato di scrivere nelle note che ci sono state delle influenze pisane, così spiegavi a Luciano il problema della pendenza.
Rimane comunque una gran bella foto di un'altra chicca umbra.
Nicou (97679) 2013-02-19 8:57
quelle image quelle vue sur ce village avec les belles collines superbe ensemble et mise en valeur superbe.
Bravo et amitié
amaryllis (30149) 2013-02-19 9:19
Toute une histoire ce village entouré des montagnes et d'un environnement boisé, une belle lumière sur ces maisons et la tour
Gigidusud (8054) 2013-02-19 11:32
Splendida luce su questo bellissimo villaggio nelle montagne.Bravo!
Un caro saluto.
jemaflor (68913) 2013-02-19 11:48
Nice pov on this perched village, beautiful light and landscape around, an impression of a little tilt.
Sonata11 (28331) 2013-02-19 21:06
Another beautiful compositionof this spectacular picturesque of this lovely place. Perfectly well done. Beautiful work. Congratulation.
dkmurphys (36801) 2013-02-19 22:59
Another very picturesque capture of the old hill village. Well seen, lovely place.
jjcordier (62328) 2013-02-19 23:03
Encore un très joli village perché dans la montagne que tu as photographié sous une belle lumière.
L'image penche très légèrement à gauche.
Graal (88886) 2013-02-19 23:32
scenery here like in your previous photo. Very nice view of town between the mountains. Good shot from fine POV. An interesting note.
Have a nice day.
maria-v1981 (10403) 2013-02-20 3:48
I love the architecture. Every building has the same style and all the village is in the middle of the mountain. The light show to us the details which are marvelous.
Have a nice day,
Oceania (2141) 2013-02-20 4:48
You got far enough to include entire town within the frame, a nice work.
Cricri (86431) 2013-02-20 5:01
Ciao ami Silvio
Celui ci est bien situé entre les montagnes aux couleurs hivernale, bon POV, belle présentation
nikkitta (5862) 2013-02-20 14:50
Indeed Polino seems to be a very nice old town, like the way you captured it, a touch soft brown in the middle of the vegetation
Very informative note
Un caro saluto
marabu61 (3914) 2013-02-21 1:24
Great view over this hillside village, looking more like a fortress than a village. The surounding countryside is beautiful and the village itself nestles perfectly in the hills with great colors overall.
have a good day
Didi (48926) 2013-02-26 6:39
Encore un joli village perché photographié à partir d'un bon point de vue.
J'apprécie la luminosité ambiante
fds (5305) 2013-02-26 6:43
molto bella silvio questa panoramica su Polino uno dei tanti bei villaggi italiani
selvaggio e allo stesso tempo accogliente