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Papigno

The center dominates the Nera Valley from a height of 222 meters above sea level, located near the Cascade Falls, its history is closely linked to that of the famous waterfall, because - in the industrial era - the central Galleto (word belonging Papigno) produced hydroelectric power for industrial purposes in the city of Terni, which, coupled with the exploitation of the hydrocarbon, it has established the economic importance.
The territory of Papigno has brought to light several times Roman ruins outside of town, which was formed during the early Middle Ages on a relief and isolated in a privileged position for the defense and the sighting of two major roads: Valnerina Street and Curia, who, climbing the slopes of Monte Sant'Angelo to the Falls, leading to Rieti.

The first mention of the castle dates back to 1220, when some representatives of the family of Arroni grant to the castle town of Terni as collateral for a loan of 1300 pounds of Lucca. In 1225 following the failure to repay the loan, the town of Terni buy Papigno for 2825 lire of Lucca and Siena. From the thirteenth century onwards Papigno follow the fortunes of Terni, trying several times to assert their autonomy, but without success.
The urban medieval is well preserved, the town plan is formed by rows of houses arranged in parallel arrays, according to the direction of penetration of the country.
The village suffered the total destruction caused by an earthquake in 1785. Its present appearance is unmistakable signs nineteenth-century building.
Nearby, in December 1798, the French general Lemoine you defeated the Neapolitans, commanded by General Mark, more numerous (Battle of Terni).
Independent municipality until 1927, part of the province of Perugia, was merged in the same year by the municipality of Terni.

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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9582 W: 132 N: 18638] (120522)
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