Spoleto was situated on the eastern branch of the Via Flaminia, which forked into two roads at Narni and rejoined at Forum Flaminii, near Foligno. An ancient road also ran hence to Nursia. The Ponte Sanguinario of the 1st century BCE still exists. The Forum lies under today's marketplace.
Located at the head of a large, broad valley, surrounded by mountains, Spoleto has long occupied a strategic geographical position. It appears to have been an important town to the original Umbri tribes, who built walls around their settlement in the 5th century BC, some of which are visible today.
The first historical mention of Spoletium is the notice of the foundation of a colony there in 241 BC; and it was still, according to Cicero colonia latina in primis firma et illustris: a Latin colony in 95 BC. After the Battle of Lake Trasimene (217 BC) Spoletium was attacked by Hannibal, who was repulsed by the inhabitants During the Second Punic War the city was a useful ally to Rome. It suffered greatly during the civil wars of Gaius Marius and Sulla. The latter, after his victory over Crassus, confiscated the territory of Spoletium (82 BC). From this time forth it was a municipium.
Under the empire it seems to have flourished once again, but is not often mentioned in history. Martial speaks of its wine. Aemilianus, who had been proclaimed emperor by his soldiers in Moesia, was slain by them here on his way from Rome (253), after a reign of three or four months. Rescripts of Constantine (326) and Julian (362) are dated from Spoleto. The foundation of the episcopal see dates from the 4th century: early martyrs of Spoleto are legends, but a letter to the bishop Caecilianus, from Pope Liberius in 354 constitutes its first historical mention. Owing to its elevated position Spoleto was an important stronghold during the Vandal and Gothic wars; its walls were dismantled by Totila.
Under the Lombards, Spoleto became the capital of an independent duchy, the Duchy of Spoleto (from 570), and its dukes ruled a considerable part of central Italy. In 774 it became part of Holy Roman Empire. Together with other fiefs, it was bequeathed to Pope Gregory VII by the powerful countess Matilda of Tuscany, but for some time struggled to maintain its independence. In 1155 it was destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa. In 1213 it was definitively occupied by Pope Gregory IX. During the absence of the papal court in Avignon, it was prey to the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, until in 1354 Cardinal Albornoz brought it once more under the authority of the Papal States.
After Napoleon's conquest of Italy, in 1809 Spoleto became capital of the short-lived French department of Trasimène, returning to the Papal States after Napoleon's defeat, within five years. In 1860, after a gallant defence, Spoleto was taken by the troops fighting for the unification of Italy. Giovanni Pontano, founder of the Accademia Pontaniana of Naples, was born here. Another child of Spoleto was Francis Possenti who was educated in the Jesuit school and whose father was the Papal assesor, Francis later entered the Passionists and became Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows.
Critiques | Translate
subhendu_bagchi (26081) 2013-07-10 5:46
namaste Silvio, nice catch with vertical... The light and shadow effects well. Nice to see the mountain with beautiful houses at background with a nice alley in front. Excellent composition. Tfs.
rychem (32139) 2013-07-10 10:51
Beautiful photo and beautiful light, I like amphitheater location of the town, good work
holmertz (48822) 2013-07-10 10:54
I like this composition, in spite of the many cars in the foreground. The man walking across the street makes a very good focus of the foreground, almost making me forget about the cars. Further back we see a lot of fine and interesting buildings climbing up the hill. The colours are excellent.
PiotrF (15136) 2013-07-10 11:37
Next, a good picture of Spoleto. Good vertical frame. Excellent detailed picture
Composition and presentation make these picture attractive
Thank your very much for your interesting notes
elenimavrandoni (0) 2013-07-10 12:34
la tua foto è bella, ma in ogni caso il miglior dettaglio è la Fiat 500..bellissima composizione!!
carlo62 (43393) 2013-07-10 22:53
una vista di Spoleto più "normale", passando in auto è questo il tipo di visuale che si ha, anche se quasi impossibile da vedere, si rischia di schiacciare qualche pedone.
Intetessante la 500 e la Punto, sembrava una foto più vecchia, ma le altre auto tolgono il dubbio.
emka (91460) 2013-07-10 23:33
Amazing place Spoleto. You posted so many photos and still there are surprising views. Excellent composition .
kordinator (20453) 2013-07-11 2:17
Amazing place and excellent architecture.
Fine daily life scene to.
eldancer1 (35403) 2013-07-11 7:43
If there is bar then this place is okay! Nice captured of this ancient village. I like your pov and it's good to have the person for scale. Good lighting and dof with nice details. Well done, tfs.
adramad (43051) 2013-07-12 14:57
How wonderful picture, I love your great perspective with these fantastic monuments climbing the hill, which we see them at different levels.
A splendid colorful which gives much life to the image.
Magnificent both luminosity and sharpness.
Have a good weekend.
npecanhuk (73486) 2013-07-12 19:52
Lovely and beautiful picture!
Sharpness, exposure, colors, chosen pov and composition are all excellent!
TFS - congrats,
ourania (41070) 2013-07-13 9:41
una scena molto attraente ed interessante, hai rivelato una scena dalla vita quotidiana inserita in uno splendido scenario naturale ed architetturale. C' e' stupenda chiarezza e vividezza in questa impressione naturalissima. Ci sono molti punti d' interesse, movimento e prospettive molto attraenti. L' illuminazione e la resa dei colori sono ottime e niente si e' perso nelle ombre. Complimenti e grazie!
Tanti saluti e buon fine settimana,
Cricri (115457) 2013-07-15 9:44
Intéressante architectures, bon POV, lumière et présentation entre l'ombre et la lumière, belle composition