Spoleto was situated on the eastern branch of the Via Flaminia, which forked into two roads at Narni and rejoined at Forum Flaminii, near Foligno. An ancient road also ran hence to Nursia. The Ponte Sanguinario of the 1st century BCE still exists. The Forum lies under today's marketplace.
Located at the head of a large, broad valley, surrounded by mountains, Spoleto has long occupied a strategic geographical position. It appears to have been an important town to the original Umbri tribes, who built walls around their settlement in the 5th century BC, some of which are visible today.
The first historical mention of Spoletium is the notice of the foundation of a colony there in 241 BC; and it was still, according to Cicero colonia latina in primis firma et illustris: a Latin colony in 95 BC. After the Battle of Lake Trasimene (217 BC) Spoletium was attacked by Hannibal, who was repulsed by the inhabitants During the Second Punic War the city was a useful ally to Rome. It suffered greatly during the civil wars of Gaius Marius and Sulla. The latter, after his victory over Crassus, confiscated the territory of Spoletium (82 BC). From this time forth it was a municipium.
Under the empire it seems to have flourished once again, but is not often mentioned in history. Martial speaks of its wine. Aemilianus, who had been proclaimed emperor by his soldiers in Moesia, was slain by them here on his way from Rome (253), after a reign of three or four months. Rescripts of Constantine (326) and Julian (362) are dated from Spoleto. The foundation of the episcopal see dates from the 4th century: early martyrs of Spoleto are legends, but a letter to the bishop Caecilianus, from Pope Liberius in 354 constitutes its first historical mention. Owing to its elevated position Spoleto was an important stronghold during the Vandal and Gothic wars; its walls were dismantled by Totila.
Under the Lombards, Spoleto became the capital of an independent duchy, the Duchy of Spoleto (from 570), and its dukes ruled a considerable part of central Italy. In 774 it became part of Holy Roman Empire. Together with other fiefs, it was bequeathed to Pope Gregory VII by the powerful countess Matilda of Tuscany, but for some time struggled to maintain its independence. In 1155 it was destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa. In 1213 it was definitively occupied by Pope Gregory IX. During the absence of the papal court in Avignon, it was prey to the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, until in 1354 Cardinal Albornoz brought it once more under the authority of the Papal States.
After Napoleon's conquest of Italy, in 1809 Spoleto became capital of the short-lived French department of Trasimène, returning to the Papal States after Napoleon's defeat, within five years. In 1860, after a gallant defence, Spoleto was taken by the troops fighting for the unification of Italy. Giovanni Pontano, founder of the Accademia Pontaniana of Naples, was born here. Another child of Spoleto was Francis Possenti who was educated in the Jesuit school and whose father was the Papal assesor, Francis later entered the Passionists and became Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows.
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Nicou (140040) 2013-06-22 4:01
quel panorama et image sueprbe cpatage et ocmpo quelle vue avec le château et cette église et son clocher quelle vue sueprbe.
Bravo et amitié
Sergiom (77359) 2013-06-22 5:05
A première vue on est loin de s'imaginer que c'est une ville Italienne sur cette photo. Je trouverais plus du côté français, car il manque de couleurs aux maisons. Le point de vue donne beaucoup d'ampleur à l'ensemble.
krzychu30 (15512) 2013-06-22 7:03
very nice panoramic capture of Spoleto!
The image has outstanding sharpness,clarity and delightufl,well-saturated colors,which makes the scene even more picturesque.
Have a nice weekend
Fis2 (96043) 2013-06-22 7:13
Beautiful view, beautiful city.
Excellent composition, colors and sharpness.
amaryllis (36787) 2013-06-22 8:17
Une superbe réalisation de cette ville au passé historique important d'après ta note enrichissante, et ce chateau qui domine la situation
elenimavrandoni (0) 2013-06-22 9:31
non si stancano mai di tue immagini o di Italia il mio amico
tanto più si posta più io li amo........
carlo62 (46443) 2013-06-22 15:31
bella diagonale a dividere in due la foto, a destra lo splendido cielo, a sinistra il pendio della montagna, incastonato su di esso, alcune perle della zona.
rychem (34567) 2013-06-22 21:58
You live in a nice city, beautiful view, excellent quality of the photo, perfect sharpness and light
fabbs99 (17133) 2013-06-22 22:37
Remarkable hill scene with a fortress and a church spire sticking out of the greeneries.The top part of the frame has a lot of blue of the sky which adds to the contrast.Very well done.
Best regards and best wishes,
emka (95203) 2013-06-22 23:41
Ciao Silvio, How fantastic the new size is! it look quite different. I would like to repost many of my shots. Wonderful view of the castle.
Schnappilic (9690) 2013-06-23 2:22
Nice presentation of a little piece of your town. Beautiful place on the hill with o lot of vegetation and white houses. TFS!
abmdsudi (53047) 2013-06-25 9:43
I think you smart with the compo as the church's spire stands to draw the eyes and rightly placed in the compo. A rich and vibrant shot for such a brilliant light, finely detailed with wonderful touch of rich foliage to give the visual impact. A lovely and fine effort. Congrats.