Spoleto was situated on the eastern branch of the Via Flaminia, which forked into two roads at Narni and rejoined at Forum Flaminii, near Foligno. An ancient road also ran hence to Nursia. The Ponte Sanguinario of the 1st century BCE still exists. The Forum lies under today's marketplace.
Located at the head of a large, broad valley, surrounded by mountains, Spoleto has long occupied a strategic geographical position. It appears to have been an important town to the original Umbri tribes, who built walls around their settlement in the 5th century BC, some of which are visible today.
The first historical mention of Spoletium is the notice of the foundation of a colony there in 241 BC; and it was still, according to Cicero colonia latina in primis firma et illustris: a Latin colony in 95 BC. After the Battle of Lake Trasimene (217 BC) Spoletium was attacked by Hannibal, who was repulsed by the inhabitants During the Second Punic War the city was a useful ally to Rome. It suffered greatly during the civil wars of Gaius Marius and Sulla. The latter, after his victory over Crassus, confiscated the territory of Spoletium (82 BC). From this time forth it was a municipium.
Under the empire it seems to have flourished once again, but is not often mentioned in history. Martial speaks of its wine. Aemilianus, who had been proclaimed emperor by his soldiers in Moesia, was slain by them here on his way from Rome (253), after a reign of three or four months. Rescripts of Constantine (326) and Julian (362) are dated from Spoleto. The foundation of the episcopal see dates from the 4th century: early martyrs of Spoleto are legends, but a letter to the bishop Caecilianus, from Pope Liberius in 354 constitutes its first historical mention. Owing to its elevated position Spoleto was an important stronghold during the Vandal and Gothic wars; its walls were dismantled by Totila.
Under the Lombards, Spoleto became the capital of an independent duchy, the Duchy of Spoleto (from 570), and its dukes ruled a considerable part of central Italy. In 774 it became part of Holy Roman Empire. Together with other fiefs, it was bequeathed to Pope Gregory VII by the powerful countess Matilda of Tuscany, but for some time struggled to maintain its independence. In 1155 it was destroyed by Frederick Barbarossa. In 1213 it was definitively occupied by Pope Gregory IX. During the absence of the papal court in Avignon, it was prey to the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines, until in 1354 Cardinal Albornoz brought it once more under the authority of the Papal States.
After Napoleon's conquest of Italy, in 1809 Spoleto became capital of the short-lived French department of Trasimène, returning to the Papal States after Napoleon's defeat, within five years. In 1860, after a gallant defence, Spoleto was taken by the troops fighting for the unification of Italy. Giovanni Pontano, founder of the Accademia Pontaniana of Naples, was born here. Another child of Spoleto was Francis Possenti who was educated in the Jesuit school and whose father was the Papal assesor, Francis later entered the Passionists and became Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows.
Critiques | Translate
Nicou (98813) 2012-06-20 6:25
fantastique vue e tiamge sueprbe cpatage et ocmpo merveilleusde image quel effet de graphsime le long de la facade et ces maison collée en fond la belle lampe au milieu quelle compo.
Bravo et amitié
ourania (13085) 2012-06-20 7:04
un bellissimo e molto intrigante panorama, un gioco di viste, livelli, prospettive, luce ed ombre. Una composizione richissima. La diagonale potente divide il quadro drammaticamente in due parti. L' una chiara e splendida, l' altra misteriosa. I contrasti sono affascinanti e gli alberi a sinistra portano nella composizione un equilibrio gradevole ed effettivo. La gestione della luce `e stupenda. Realizzazione superba di una ottima idea. Complimenti e grazie!
Tanti saluti e buona serata,
papagolf21 (77003) 2012-06-20 7:56
Bonjour, cher ami Silvio,
Très bonne présentation avec cette diagonale en premier plan.
La ville et les édifices s’élèvent majestueusement sur la montagne.
La beauté d'ensemble est remarquable.
corjan3 (1879) 2012-06-20 8:09
Dear Friend Silvio,
Thank you for showing us some images of your beloved beautiful Spoleto. I will take time to study your informative note. Best wishes.
tedesse (22509) 2012-06-20 8:22
Un interessante punto di vista, la prospettiva bella mostra la bellezza dell'architettura e del paesaggio, Spoleto.
Buona nitidezza e bei colori. Molto ben fatto immagine.
alpi1500 (1376) 2012-06-20 13:33
Nice POV and succesful management of light.
Have a nice day.
siamesa (27455) 2012-06-20 15:27
Boa noite Silvio
The management between lights and shadows are superb.
Perfect composition, my friend.
carlo62 (13574) 2012-06-20 16:08
Ourania ha fatto un'analisi molto completa ed approfondita, sono daccordissimo su tutto.
Forse la parte in ombra ha creato difficoltà con la luce del castello, ma te la sei cavata benissimo.
npecanhuk (54231) 2012-06-20 16:48
Very beautiful picture!
Special regards to the chosen pov, composition and management of light!
TFS - congrats,
romanaa (7414) 2012-06-21 3:11
interesting composition with stropng diagonal across the shot. You have managed the difficult light situation masterfully.
mohammad_H (6670) 2012-06-21 7:22
چشم نواز و زیبا.نمای ستونها و نقش ها بسیار جذاب
مدیریت در نور
وضوح بسیار خوب
روز خوبی داشته باشید
Eye-catching e colonne splendida facciata. E molto attraente
Gestione alla luce
Risoluzione molto buona
Budapestman (82620) 2012-06-21 9:32
what a splendid view, the composition is very spectacular, the architectural details are fantastic, great POV and lights, Tfs! Have a nice week! Kellemes hetet kívánok!
adramad (27872) 2012-06-21 16:05
Superb composition of this wonderful city, great POV with that dark forward diagonal that divides the image, showing us at the top, the magnificence of the city, that tree on the left side is another major bonus.
Fantastic work my friend, I love it.
Have a good day.
baddori (19065) 2012-06-21 23:01
Trovo sempre più TE, e la foto, come un lavoro.
Penso a te , Marius e Bobo ....
Il caro Silvio che lavora in critiche foto commenti ...e non ho le farfalle ed i cari animaletti.
Un rincontro con questa diagonale ed il piacere di questa cattura .
gezimania (6166) 2012-06-22 0:47
You obtained a creative view by your interesting and elegant POV, yes i like to watch the town from this angle, bravo !
have a nice WE
Cricri (87288) 2012-06-22 22:37
Ciao ami Silvio
Un cadrage différent de la ville, excellente perspective, jeu ombre et de lumière bien gérée, belle réalisation