Rome - Forum of Augustus
The Forum of Augustus is one of the Imperial forums of Rome, Italy, built by Augustus. It includes the Temple of Mars Ultor.
The triumvir Octavian vowed to build a temple honoring Mars, the Roman God of War, during the battle of Philippi in 42 BC. After winning the battle, with the help of Mark Antony and Lepidus, Octavian had avenged the assassination of his adoptive father Julius Caesar. He became the first emperor of Rome in 27 BC under the name Augustus, and planned for the temple to be built in a new forum named after himself.
It appears as if construction did not begin on the Forum until around 20 BC, when Augustus avenged Rome once again, this time by negotiating the release of the standards lost by Marcus Licinius Crassus to the Parthians. The land the Forum was to be built on was already owned by Augustus himself. However, the initial plans called for more space than he had. In order to keep those on the land he would need to purchase to build upon, the plans were altered slightly, so some asymmetry is apparent, especially in the Eastern corner of the precinct; for which Suetonius states that Augustus did not dare to take the houses of the nearby owners by force. This self-proclaimed good deed was more than likely just a ploy to save Augustus money and trouble. These land issues, as well as numerous architectural mishaps, prolonged construction. The incomplete forum and its temple were inaugurated, 40 years after they were first vowed, in 2 BC.
With the dedication of the Forum of Trajan in 112, the number of inscriptions found in the Forum of Augustus decline, which suggests that many of its functions were transferred to the new venue, although Hadrian made some repairs. The educational and cultural use of the exedrae were recorded in the late antiquity. The last notice of the forum was given in 395. Archeological data testifies to the systematic dismantling of the structures in the first half of the 6th century, probably because it was seriously damaged in an earthquake or during the wars. The Forum of Augustus was among the first of the great public buildings of Rome which disappeared that also explains the rapid loss of the memory of its original name. In the 9th century a Basilian monastery was erected on the podium of the ruined temple.
The Forum of Augustus was built to both house a temple honoring Mars, and to provide another space for legal proceedings, as the Roman Forum was very crowded. Before battle, military generals set off from the Temple of Mars, after attending a commencement ceremony. Other ceremonies took place in the temple including the assumption of the toga virilis by young men. The Senate met at the Temple when discussing war and the victorious generals dedicated their spoils from their triumphs to Mars at the altar. Arms and other stolen goods from the enemy, or booty, recovered from battle were often stored in the Forum as well.
The Forum was filled with a rich tapestry of different statuary. Most notably were the statues of Augustus in full military outfit in the center of the Forum, and of Mars and Venus in the Temple. In total, there were 108 portrait statues with inscriptions of each individual’s achievements, providing an important idea of how Augustus viewed his role within Roman history. The inscriptions are called elogia by modern scholars. In addition to statues of all the Roman triumphatores, which were either made of bronze or marble and were placed along the left side of the Forum and in the left exedrae, the entire right side and right exedrae were full of statues of men in the Julian-Claudian family. They trace Augustus’s lineage down through the fourteen Alban kings to the founding ancestors Aeneas and Romulus. These figures reinforced the importance of both Roman lineage but also of the prestigious lineage that Augustus himself held. By advertising this lineage, he reinforced his power and authorities as a leader. Also, by placing himself amongst great figures and heroes, he further portrayed himself and his own importance. He paints himself as one of ‘the greats’ worthy of the power he held. Whilst all the elogia record the deeds of these great men, Augustus’ Res Gestae Divi Augusti acts as a direct parallel.
The statues in the forum provided excellent reasoning for Augustus to claim his restoration of the Republic. Not only were the great men of Rome’s past being honored through their busts, but Augustus was also establishing his ancestry to these men, either by blood or by spirit. This provided Augustus with another connection between himself and the old Republic, an era of Roman history he continuously tried to invoke during his reign.
Other statues included an ivory Athena Alea, sculpted by Endoeus, which Augustus brought back from its temple in Tegea.
The forum is made of ashlar blocks of peperino tufa with Luna marble.
Critiques | Translate
Disabled_A (0) 2014-03-19 12:18
excellent composition and a very beautiful view! a sunny day adds a very jolly mood to the landscape :) This picture makes me want to go to this place!
cornejo (46048) 2014-03-19 12:23
Romano Ciao, molto buona immagine di questa composizione interessante con il Foro di Augusto, ben catturata in questa immagine bella, con un interessante pov e l'inquadratura, con una buona nitidezza, profondità, abbastanza leggero, di colore e di buona qualità. Molto buono ed interessante lavoro ben fatto, complimenti amico mio. Grazie per la condivisione di questo bel lavoro.
Buona notte e felice settimana.
Cordiali saluti dal sud della Spagna.
nikkitta (17068) 2014-03-19 12:45
Ciao Romano, my neighbor
You with this impresive capture, while me with a humble one
Like and admire the way you compose this capture, on one side the street at the other the ruins
Lots of deepness following the iron fences and lamp
Good to present it with a blue sky, it adds ggod contrast at the photo
Well done, buona settimana
carlo62 (54064) 2014-03-19 15:49
originale la scelta di posizionare la ringhiera in quella posizione, personalmente non l'avrei fatto, ma di sicuro attira l'attenzione dell'osservatore e lascia quel piccolo spazio a sinistra, giusto giusto per farci entrare le persone e la chiesa.
Corry (4508) 2014-03-19 20:02
Belle vue sur les vestiges du forum sous un ciel magnifique. La rampe donne de la profondeur à l'image. Lumière parfaite et netteté excellente. Bien fait.
PaulVDV (31847) 2014-03-19 21:54
A colourful and pin sharp presentation of the famous Roman archaeological site together with a lively street view and including also the church.
Excellent choice of POV.
Best regards, Paul
rychem (41596) 2014-03-19 22:37
Technically is the photo perfect, clear and detailed, beautiful view and interesting information note
emka (105446) 2014-03-19 23:40
Ciao Carlo, well selected POV and excellent composition with great depth. Fantastic presentation of the exceavations. Superb sharpness and colours.
Have a nice day
npecanhuk (77629) 2014-03-20 3:52
Wonderful urban environment and ancient buildings and ruins!
Very beautiful and attractive picture!
Sharpness, exposure, colors, chosen pov and composition are all excellent!
TFS - congrats,
lousat (96682) 2014-03-20 5:05
Ciao Romano,prospettiva eccellente,qui si vede la classe,hai girato la macchina al punto giusto per aggiungere sulla sinsitra quel tocco in piu' ad una composizione altrimenti scontata,non è facile pensare in grande e tu lo hai fatto ottimamente stavolta,eccellenti dettagli e colori e assenza totale di rumore.Buona giornata,Luciano
timecapturer (49288) 2014-03-20 5:31
superb POV this with all the beauty and irresistibility of your home City before our eyes. Lots of amazing detail and a real sense of the atmospheric history too! Wonderful!
Sergiom (87099) 2014-03-20 6:10
Sous tous les points de vue Rome est très belle. Ici, le muret sépare l'image en deux parties inégales mais complémentaires. Une belle profondeur et beaucoup de choses à voir très nettes et détaillées.
SimoAle (646) 2014-03-20 7:50
Ancora ciao Romano,
altra vista dei Fori con un taglio originale che coglie più possibile ma senza azzardare troppo. Quanto mi piacerebbe avere più tempo ed uscire un po' di più per provare e riprovare eheheh..
Nicou (149698) 2014-03-20 11:10
avec la barrière en premier plan qui fait une trace noir quelle vue quelle coupole et iamge sueprbe cpatage le rendu sur les pierres ce site archéologique sueprbe vue et iamge.
Bravo et amitié
jurek1951 (42196) 2014-03-20 13:47
an idyllic atmosphere with beautiful lights and colours, the composition is superb, great shot of this place,
elenimavrandoni (0) 2014-03-20 14:17
la bellezza di tutto ciò è che tutto è combinato con bellissimi elementi quali dell'architettura romana i magnifici colori e il paesaggio impressionante
il tema e la composizione sono affascinanti
Romano, ti ringrazio molto per i tuoi commenti gentili sulle mie foto, molto apprezzato!!
Giustiniani (3632) 2014-03-20 14:45
superbe photo du forum d'Augustus. Une belle composition avec de la profondeur et une très belle lumière.
macjake (71721) 2014-03-20 23:37
you know how i feel! You know i'm going to really enjoy this one again :)
any street scene with classic Roman style architecture will be pleasing to my eyes.
Oh to see this in its prime many many years ago!!
its nice to see the various generations of buildings in this one scene.
lovely light and exposure.
adramad (48942) 2014-03-21 10:45
Come meraviglioso vedere questi luoghi a Roma, con questo splendida luce e fa rivivere i dettagli e il potere colori.
POV Superb, il Foro di Augusto, mi piace l'effetto della balaustra e il lampione, che conduce l'occhio alla bella chiesa che vediamo sullo sfondo, un'immagine con molti dettagli da ricreare.
Buon lavoro. Mi piace.
Godere di un buon fine settimana.
I migliori auguri.
Silvio1953 (151545) 2014-03-21 12:54
Ciao Romano, gran bella inquadratura, ottima nitidezza, cielo di Roma azzurro che spacca, bravo, buon week end, ciao Silvio
abmdsudi (57176) 2014-03-21 18:26
A most interesting composition with the good lead-in, great architecture you have caught here as there's so much detail with good sense of day-to-day atmosphere. They don't make them like that anymore do they! Just love that blue sky.What a view - fine work and congrats.
Kamilutka (8107) 2014-03-22 6:29
it is amazing how the old and new architecture blends together in Rome and it is possible for them to exist beside each other in harmony.
The POV you chose for this picture seems to be very well thought through: the street with the lamp post creates point of interest on the left to counterbalance the ruins on the right. Nice colors and well managed light and sharpness.
Thanks for sharing
Cricri (124778) 2014-03-22 9:28
Intéressante composition, bon cadrage avec le mur et les lanternes qui sépare le nouveau de l'ancienne architecture, bonne lumière et couleurs
mesutilgim (97138) 2014-03-22 12:48
Very nice capture of Forum Romanum surrounded with old buildings.
Very good pov and layout and many interesing and usefull notes.
TFS and have a nice weekend
- Copyright: Romano Lattanzi (Romano46) (18472)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2014-03-13
- Categories: Architecture, Ruins
- Camera: Canon EOS 700D, Canon EF 28-135mm IS USM
- Exposure: f/11, 1/320 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2014-03-19 12:15