Barbarano Romano is a municipality in the Province of Viterbo in Lazio, located about 30 miles northwest of Rome and about 15 miles south of Viterbo. It hosts a population of about 950 inhabitants, comprising about 37.4 sq. kilometers at an altitude of about 1,000 feet. It's an incredibly picturesque medieval town built on a triangular plateau situated at the top of a sheer cliff comprised of volcanic rock. It's extremely well-fortified in a very strategic location, as it is also protected by deep gorges created by the Biedano river on two sides. There were settlements here as early as the Bronze Age, and in the Etruscan period (7th-4th c. BC) villages began to concentrate around the Colle di San Giuliano. Its main features, aside from the lovely streets and period buildings, are the Roman gate inside the 15th century tower which provides access to the interior. The oldest part of the village was once part of its castle. There is also a Palazzo Comunale, formerly the Palazzo dei Priori, and the lovely 12th-century Chiesa del Crocifisso, which features a 15th-century wooden crucifix. The town is also situated in the middle of a protected park, the Parco Regionale Martuanum, also the location of several Etruscan necropoleis.
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