Rome - Archbasilica of St. John Lateran
The Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (Italian: Arcibasilica Papale di San Giovanni in Laterano), commonly known as St. John Lateran's Archbasilica, St. John Lateran's Basilica, and just The Lateran Basilica, is the cathedral church of the Diocese of Rome and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, who is the Pope.
It is the oldest and ranks first among the four Papal Basilicas or major basilicas of Rome (having the cathedra of the Bishop of Rome). It claims the title of ecumenical mother church among Roman Catholics. The current archpriest is Agostino Vallini, Cardinal Vicar General for the Diocese of Rome. The President of the French Republic, currently François Hollande, is ex officio the "first and only honorary canon" of the basilica, a title held by the heads of the French state since King Henry IV of France.
An inscription on the façade, Christo Salvatori, indicates the church's dedication to "Christ the Saviour", for the cathedrals of all patriarchs are dedicated to Christ himself. As the cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, it ranks above all other churches in the Catholic Church, including St. Peter's Basilica. For that reason, unlike all other Roman Basilicas, it holds the title of Archbasilica.
The archbasilica is located outside of the boundaries of Vatican City proper, although within the city of Rome. However it enjoys extraterritorial status as one of the properties of the Holy See. This is also the case with several other buildings, following the resolution of the Roman Question with the signing of the Lateran Treaty.
An apse lined with mosaics and open to the air still preserves the memory of one of the most famous halls of the ancient palace, the "Triclinium" of Pope Leo III, which was the state banqueting hall. The existing structure is not ancient, but some portions of the original mosaics may have been preserved in the three-part mosaic of its niche. In the centre Christ gives their mission to the Apostles, on the left he gives the keys to St. Sylvester and the Labarum to Constantine, while on the right St. Peter gives the papal stole to Leo III and the standard to Charlemagne.
Some few remains of the original buildings may still be traced in the city walls outside the Gate of St. John, and a large wall decorated with paintings was uncovered in the 18th century within the basilica itself, behind the Lancellotti Chapel. A few traces of older buildings also came to light during the excavations made in 1880, when the work of extending the apse was in progress, but nothing was published of real value or importance.
A great many donations from the popes and other benefactors to the basilica are recorded in the Liber Pontificalis, and its splendour at an early period was such that it became known as the "Basilica Aurea", or Golden Basilica. This splendour drew upon it the attack of the Vandals, who stripped it of all its treasures. Pope Leo I restored it around 460, and it was again restored by Pope Hadrian.
In 897, it was almost totally destroyed by an earthquake—ab altari usque ad portas cecidit ("it collapsed from the altar to the doors"). The damage was so extensive that it was difficult to trace the lines of the old building, but these were in the main respected and the new building was of the same dimensions as the old. This second church lasted for four hundred years, and then burned in 1308. It was rebuilt by Pope Clement V and Pope John XXII. It was burned down once more in 1360, and was rebuilt by Pope Urban V.
Through vicissitudes the basilica retained its ancient form, being divided by rows of columns into aisles, and having in front a peristyle surrounded by colonnades with a fountain in the middle, the conventional Late Antique format that was also followed by the old St Peter's. The façade had three windows, and was embellished with a mosaic representing Christ, the Saviour of the World.
The porticoes were frescoed, probably not earlier than the 12th century, commemorating the Roman fleet under Vespasian, the taking of Jerusalem, the Baptism of the Emperor Constantine and his "Donation" of the Papal States to the Church. Inside the basilica the columns no doubt ran, as in all other basilicas of the same date, the whole length of the church from east to west.
In one of the rebuildings, probably that which was carried out by Clement V, the feature of a transverse nave was introduced, imitated no doubt from the one which had been added, long before this, at Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls. Probably at this time the church was enlarged.
Some portions of the older buildings survive. Among them the pavement of medieval Cosmatesque work, and the statues of St. Peter and Saint Paul, now in the cloisters. The graceful baldacchino over the high altar, which looks out of place in its present surroundings, dates from 1369. The stercoraria, or throne of red marble on which the popes sat, is now in the Vatican Museums. It owes its unsavoury name to the anthem sung at the papal enthronement, "De stercore erigens pauperem" ("lifting up the poor out of the dunghill", from Psalm 112).
From the 5th century, there were seven oratories surrounding the basilica. These before long were incorporated in the church. The devotion of visiting these oratories, which held its ground all through the medieval period, gave rise to the similar devotion of the seven altars, still common in many churches of Rome and elsewhere.
Of the façade by Alessandro Galilei (1735), the cliché assessment has ever been that it is the façade of a palace, not of a church. Galilei's front, which is a screen across the older front creating a narthex or vestibule, does express the nave and double aisles of the basilica, which required a central bay wider than the rest of the sequence; Galilei provided it, without abandoning the range of identical arch-headed openings, by extending the central window by flanking columns that support the arch, in the familiar Serlian motif.
By bringing the central bay forward very slightly, and capping it with a pediment that breaks into the roof balustrade, Galilei provides an entrance doorway on a more-than-colossal scale, framed in the paired colossal Corinthian pilasters that tie together the façade in the manner introduced at Michelangelo's palace on the Campidoglio.
Critiques | Translate
lousat (96642) 2014-04-03 4:12
Ciao Romano,una luce gestita alla grande ed un'eccellente risultato in una prospettiva non certo agevole,semplicemente perfetta,col titolo che invita a guardare il prato coi primi fiori,ottima idea,altrimenti sarebbe quasi passato inosservato di fronte alla bellezza dell'architettura.Buon pomeriggio e complimenti,Luciano
carlo62 (54058) 2014-04-03 4:44
anche in questo caso posso utilizzare il detto "cotta e mangiata" per questa foto fresca di giornata.
La primavera è bella sempre e in ogni luogo, ma il mix tra la versione naturale e Roma, è proprio una gran cosa.
PS grazie per la....civetta
snunney (105437) 2014-04-03 4:49
A fine capture of this impressive façade, the size of which we can estimate by reference to the passers-by. I like the lighting and the framing offered by the foreground meadow, very redolent of spring. Good colours and superb rendering of the architectural detail.
besnard (57178) 2014-04-03 4:49
Un bon choix d'angle pour mettre en valeur ce superbe bâtiment à l'architecture intéressante.
Amitiés et bonne journée.
jhm (158820) 2014-04-03 4:52
Pleasant picture for look at with this phenomenal building, the people beside the pillar are exactly small matchsticks.
Also the wild flowers in foreground are very pleasant to look at.
Excellent daily life picture with the people in foreground.
A nice composition also a lovely presentation.
Very well done, TFS.
Sergiom (87067) 2014-04-03 5:05
J'ai très hâte au mois de mai car je vais passer une semaine dans cette très belle ville. J'espère rapporter dans mes bagages d'aussi belles photos que celle-ci. Quel beau point de vue qui donne de l'ampleur à la composition.
timecapturer (49288) 2014-04-03 5:38
a fascinating low POV that makes this exquisite building all the more imposing and magnificent. A superb sense of scale and glorious detailing make this so attractive and impressive. Love it!
Regards - B.
Nicou (149660) 2014-04-03 6:28
quelel mvue e tiamge sueprbe cpatage avec le pâquerettes en premeir plan et cet édifice en fond fantasitque cpatage quelle colonne et le inscriptions à la surface mervielleux.
Bravo et amitié
Sonata11 (33971) 2014-04-03 7:16
Hello Romano, very beautiful composition of impressively beautiful architecture with so many details. Lovely colors, sharpness, perfect clarity of fabulous details. Perfectly well done. Tfs.
All the best, Barbara
COSTANTINO (68826) 2014-04-03 7:52
Bella foto da Roma con un bel basso POV
ottima composizione architetonica e interesante nota
ikeharel (77137) 2014-04-03 10:19
I see you have a new camera, Romano, enjoy every minute and every picture of it.
A fine facade built of big pillars and high archs of the basilica, has a marvelous curving on the marble and many statues atop the beautiful front beam.
Fine light and clarity rendered, impressive archi.-details shown.
holmertz (58186) 2014-04-03 10:26
This is a magnificent photo. The famous church is no doubt very impressive, but in this photo it's the statues seen against the dark sky and the dark green lawn with the white flowers that dominate the foreground that make the strongest impression on me. The presence of a few very small persons in front of the church tells us how really large it is. It's overwhelming. This is a very well composed photo with a very good light.
Noel_Byrne (33416) 2014-04-03 12:07
Questo è un risultato spettacolare per questa foto. L'edificio è imponente nella sua portata e la sua grandezza, ma hai ottenuta così bene includendo tutti questi fiori selvatici in basso punto di vista. Adoro questo genere di edificio ostentata, ma non ho mai visto prima uno così ben ammorbidito da un inserimento naturale come questo. Un angolo perfetto, luce perfetta e un risultato perfetto. Foto di classe superiore, grazie per la condivisione di questo.
Tutti i migliori
macjake (71721) 2014-04-03 13:09
always enjoy what you have to share for us in the city of Rome!
strong position, strong stance in the frame, it gives off a powerful presence.
love the exposure, it may be a bit on the dark side but the texture and sharpness is superb.
wonderful subject to post in the vertical format.
enjoy your day
rogerl (1632) 2014-04-03 15:07
Romano, this is a dramatic shot against a very interesting sky. I love the low POV, showing the grass and spring flowers in detail. Nice well-saturated colors and great detail.
Corry (4508) 2014-04-03 20:03
Les fleurs ont déjà commencé à envahir le parterre de la basilique. Le point de vue bas donne beaucoup d'ampleur à la façade de l'édifice. Bonne netteté de l'image avec une belle lumière. Bien fait.
abmdsudi (57176) 2014-04-04 7:41
I like the idea of tilting of the iconic edifice, a deliberate compositional decision, detail is spot on, focus is pin sharp and the intensity of colours and the exposure pretty well transforming the architectural shot much stronger than it would otherwise be. It is very obvious a lot of thought has gone into this, you sure have an eye for this kind of shot. thew touch of spring colours finish off nicely, Well done, Congrats
jurek1951 (42196) 2014-04-04 23:21
a spectacular photo with attractive composition and superb details, great perspective,
grigand (20174) 2014-04-05 4:06
Si sempre bella la primavera, ottima prospettiva gradevoli anche le tinte tenui.
Silvio1953 (151503) 2014-04-05 11:40
Ciao Romano, gran vista della fantastica facciata, dettagli strepitosi, splendida nitidezza e favoloso cielo, bravissimo, ciao Silvio
Cricri (124756) 2014-04-05 11:51
Splendide l'architecture de la Basilique, les arches, les statues, l'angle de prise, l'avant plan joliment fleuri, vraiment une très belle image printanière
jmdias (67861) 2014-04-05 15:57
roma é muito grande e cheia de tesouros, por mais que tenha aproveitado minha estadia lá não consegui conhecer tudo e um dos pontos altos foi essa catedral que ficará para outra vez. muito bom este ângulo que apanha bem toda a beleza da arquitetura da fachada e com ótima luz. bem feito.
- Copyright: Romano Lattanzi (Romano46) (18472)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2014-04-02
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Canon EOS 700D, Canon EF 28-135mm IS USM, HOYA 67mm HD Circular Polarize
- Exposure: f/8, 1/160 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2014-04-03 4:09