Rome - Castel Sant'Angelo
The Mausoleum of Hadrian, usually known as the Castel Sant'Angelo (English: Castle of the Holy Angel), is a towering cylindrical building in Parco Adriano, Rome, Italy. It was initially commissioned by the Roman Emperor Hadrian as a mausoleum for himself and his family. The building was later used by the popes as a fortress and castle, and is now a museum. The Castel was once the tallest building in Rome.
The tomb of the Roman emperor Hadrian, also called Hadrian's mole was erected on the right bank of the Tiber, between 130 AD and 139 AD. Originally the mausoleum was a decorated cylinder, with a garden top and golden quadriga. Hadrian's ashes were placed here a year after his death in Baiae in 138 AD, together with those of his wife Sabina, and his first adopted son, Lucius Aelius, who also died in 138 AD. Following this, the remains of succeeding emperors were also placed here, the last recorded deposition being Caracalla in 217 AD. The urns containing these ashes were probably placed in what is now known as the Treasury room deep within the building. Hadrian also built the Pons Aelius facing straight onto the mausoleum – it still provides a scenic approach from the center of Rome and the right bank of the Tiber, and is renowned for the Baroque additions of statues of angels holding aloft elements of the Passion of Christ.
Much of the tomb contents and decorations have been lost since the building's conversion to a military fortress in 401 and its subsequent inclusion in the Aurelian Walls by Flavius Augustus Honorius. The urns and ashes were scattered by Visigoth looters during Alaric's sacking of Rome in 410, and the original decorative bronze and stone statuary were thrown down upon the attacking Goths when they besieged Rome in 537, as recounted by Procopius. An unusual survivor, however, is the capstone of a funerary urn (probably that of Hadrian), which made its way to Saint Peter's Basilica and was incorporated into a massive Renaissance baptistery. The use of spolia from the tomb in the post-Roman period was noted in the 16th century — Giorgio Vasari writes:
...in order to build churches for the use of the Christians, not only were the most honoured temples of the idols [pagan Roman gods] destroyed, but in order to ennoble and decorate Saint Peter's with more ornaments than it then possessed, they took away the stone columns from the tomb of Hadrian, now the castle of Sant'Angelo, as well as many other things which we now see in ruins.
Legend holds that the Archangel Michael appeared atop the mausoleum, sheathing his sword as a sign of the end of the plague of 590, thus lending the castle its present name. A less charitable yet more apt elaboration of the legend, given the militant disposition of this archangel, was heard by the 15th century traveler, who saw an angel statue on the castle roof. He recounts that during a prolonged season of the plague, Pope Gregory I heard that the populace, even Christians, had begun revering a pagan idol at the church of Santa Agata in Suburra. A vision urged the Pope to lead a procession to the church. Upon arriving, the idol miraculously fell apart with a clap of thunder. Returning to St Peter's by the Aelian Bridge, the Pope had another vision of an angel atop the castle, wiping the blood from his sword on his mantle, and then sheathing it. While the Pope interpreted this as a sign that God was appeased, this did not detract Gregory from destroying more sites of pagan worship in Rome.
The popes converted the structure into a castle, beginning in the 14th century; Pope Nicholas III connected the castle to St Peter's Basilica by a covered fortified corridor called the Passetto di Borgo. The fortress was the refuge of Pope Clement VII from the siege of Charles V's Landsknechte during the Sack of Rome (1527), in which Benvenuto Cellini describes strolling the ramparts and shooting enemy soldiers.
Leo X built a chapel with a Madonna by Raffaello da Montelupo. In 1536 Montelupo also created a marble statue of Saint Michael holding his sword after the 590 plague (as described above) to surmount the Castel. Later Paul III built a rich apartment, to ensure that in any future siege the Pope had an appropriate place to stay.
Montelupo's statue was replaced by a bronze statue of the same subject, executed by the Flemish sculptor Peter Anton von Verschaffelt, in 1753. Verschaffelt's is still in place and Montelupo's can be seen in an open court in the interior of the Castle.
The Papal state also used Sant'Angelo as a prison; Giordano Bruno, for example, was imprisoned there for six years. Another prisoner was the goldsmith Cellini. Executions were made in the small interior square. As a prison, it was also the setting for the third act of Giacomo Puccini's Tosca; the eponymous heroine of the opera leaps to her death from the Castel's ramparts.
Critiques | Translate
mirosu (16273) 2014-03-25 5:35
This is an outstanding view up to famous Castel Sant'Angelo. The castle is in superb light and in excellent contrast against blue sky. The arrangement with the walkway along the walls and the Tiber river and the bridge is perfect.
Very well done.
jurek1951 (42198) 2014-03-25 5:50
a beautiful photo of this picturesque place, the architectural details are splendid, great lights and colours. Beautiful spring atmosphere,
macjake (73061) 2014-03-25 6:44
this may be one of my favorite photos you've posted from Rome! There's just something so beautiful about the way it looks.
I also like that its a view we dont usually see from Rome, yet theres still that sense of Rome in the photo.
the bridge is well placed in the frame too.
Kamilutka (8107) 2014-03-25 7:28
great picture taken from very well chosen POV. The perspective and the angle is really good and the soft curve makes the image attractive. I like the pretty light and great colors too.
Thanks for sharing
Have a good evening
baclama (18896) 2014-03-25 8:01
subhendu_bagchi (26089) 2014-03-25 8:40
a very good composition which you presented here with excellent photographic quality... I love the depth of the colour tone... Great sharpness and smooth lighting. Excellent view with a fine sky at top. Interesting and successfull one indeed. Tfs.
dta (82960) 2014-03-25 8:44
Ciao Romano ,
Très belle composition , avec la batisse massive , le pont , et la jolie courbe au premier plan . l'éclairage est superbe .
Mics (982) 2014-03-25 9:57
Visita la galleria ancora una volta mi ha fatto capire che ho perso un sacco di tuoi post. Questo è un colpo eccezionale da una molto ben scelto POV. Mi piace come è stata eseguita la composizione e gli elementi disposti perfettamente complessivamente. Bel lavoro :-)
lousat (98351) 2014-03-25 10:35
Ciao Romano,i soldi spesi iniziano a dare risultati,anche se non basta la macchina per fare belle foto come mi diceva sempre il mio fotografo di fiducia.Ma qui c'e' poco da discutere,mi sono persino alzato ed allontato dal monitor per apprezzare ancora maggiormente la qualita' delle luci ed il cielo,uno spettacolo! Cosi' vera che sembra di essere sul posto,gran colpone qualitativamente ineccepibile e prospettiva avvolgente! Buona serata e complimenti,Luciano
jhm (160975) 2014-03-25 10:39
I am agree with these writer , this is an outstanding view up at famous Castel Sant'Angelo.
Excellent depth and perspective picture, pleasant to look at.
A nice sharp and clear picture, nice colours too.
Very well done, TFS
photographer_sg (4414) 2014-03-25 11:08
Superb composition with an excellent POV. beautiful view of the historic castle with great clarity and details. the sky makes a fantastic background.
thanks for sharing and have a nice day.
m (0) 2014-03-25 12:01
a very impressive structure captured from a good angle. It doesn't look like a castle to me, more like a giant lighthouse:) Good contrast with the sky and lovely light.
Thanks and best wishes!
cornejo (47298) 2014-03-25 12:32
Romano Ciao, buona fotografia di questo monumento interessante con una completamente diversa abituati, molto ben composta e catturato questa immagine con interessanti ponte vecchio, buona nitidezza, profondità, luce e colore piacevole pov. Molto buono ed interessante lavoro ben fatto, complimenti amico mio. Grazie per la condivisione di questo bel lavoro.
Buona notte e felice resto della settimana.
Cordiali saluti dal sud della Spagna.
Silvio1953 (154173) 2014-03-25 12:53
Ciao Romano, gran bel taglio, ancora una volta ci mostri un monumento fotografatissimo da un POV originale, magnifico cielo, ottima nitidezza, bravo, ciao Silvio
gildasjan (43824) 2014-03-25 13:42
Cette raie nuageuse dans le ciel apporte une très bonne touche à cette image.Les éléments architecturaux sont parfaitement mis en valeur par cette bonne lumière bien orientée.
cargus (10632) 2014-03-25 13:47
Colour, light and contrast excellent, good together in a successful picture.
elenimavrandoni (0) 2014-03-25 14:25
Romano, immagine e nota piú che impressionante..un lavoro davvero straordinario..tanti posti che devo visitare ancora....
ACL1978 (7511) 2014-03-25 14:30
Two things really elevate this shot, Romano: the light, which is dim but vivid as it illuminates the wall and mausoleum; and the curve of the walkway that you've used so brilliantly here to pull the eye through the shot. A side of Rome perhaps not as common to see, and you've displayed it nicely. Thanks!
carlo62 (55776) 2014-03-25 15:47
ci stai offrendo una Roma dai punti di vista più originali, i monumenti sono quelli, la loro bellezza è indiscutibile, ma le prospettive cambiano e con esse cambiano i nostri riferimenti.
Attendo le prossime con piacere.
tyro (26142) 2014-03-25 17:41
Wow! You have given us a very interesting and informative note here and a most impressive photograph with which to illustrate it.
Your composition is excellent with wonderful "lead in" lines provided by the high wall on the left and the curvature of the water's edge, the main structure of the Castel Sant'Angelo standing proudly against a deep blue sky with its face toward the Tiber beautifully lit in bright sunshine.
An excellent photograph with lovely light and colours, perfect exposure and exquisite details and sharpness.
Corry (4508) 2014-03-25 20:11
J'aime bien ce point de vue plutôt inhabituel pour nous présenter le château Saint-Ange. Le mur arrondi donne un bel effet à l'image. Belle lumière et bonne netteté. Salutations.
npecanhuk (78923) 2014-03-25 21:00
Sharpness, exposure, colors, horizontal format, unique chosen pov and different composition are all excellent!
TFS - congrats,
amaryllis (37039) 2014-03-26 1:11
Je ne peux que reconnaître ces berges du Tibre avec un aperçu du château de San Angelo, une lumière superbe, un cadrage excellent avec ce tournant que tu as donné et une belle perspective
Merci de ce partage
Apurba20 (984) 2014-03-26 4:04
The gentle river is a treat to view. So too the bridge and the building near it.
abmdsudi (58292) 2014-03-26 5:39
Blessed by sublime light! what a glorious riverscene taken from impressive pov leading the eyes through to the imposing architectural beauty and the old stone bridge. Some exquisite work there with lovely tonal range, colors and immense detail catching the eyes. Bit of glow on water sheen is an added value to the whole capture, Superb shot, Congrats
heimann2 (1762) 2014-03-26 6:05
a very nice and unusual view on the castle. Nice lines and good colours.
have a nice day
timecapturer (49288) 2014-03-26 6:35
a graceful and sweeping composition this. I love the irresistibility of this shot and of course the amazing architectural gems here, which are gloriously detailed and beautiful. Awesome!
Regards - B.
yquem46 (38752) 2014-03-26 8:44
A good shot from Castel san Angelo viewed from from the Tevere banks
I regret that these banks in Rome are not more exploited for strolls, somewhat in contrast with Paris and the Seine
Kielia (24077) 2014-03-26 8:44
a very beautiful impression of this fascinating architecture! The composition is excellent and the light creates a wonderful atmosphere.
It was also a pleasure reading the interesting note concerning this heritage. My compliments!
rychem (43394) 2014-03-26 9:50
This is a technically perfect photo with fantastic lighting and excellent composition, compliments
Gigidusud (21247) 2014-03-26 11:50
Bellissimo scatto di questa imponente architettura con un ottimo POV e un'eccellente inquadratura. Splendido l'effetto grafico e i riflessi in acqua. Complimenti!
Un caro saluto.
adramad (49992) 2014-03-26 12:22
Una splendida composizione con la curva del fiume aumenta la prospettiva dell'immagine, un POV sensazionale, con l'immagine del Castello di Sant'Angelo oltre il muro, il ponte è un complemento ideale per questa bellissima per catturare in bel cielo che contribuisce anche.
Bel colore, in questi toni naturali.
Inoltre entrambi nitidezza, come l'illuminazione sono grandi.
Molto buona immagine. mi piace
Godetevi una bella giornata.
I migliori auguri.
Giustiniani (3632) 2014-03-27 3:25
une belle lumière printanière qui met en valeur les tons chauds de la pierre. Un belle perspective et un édifice riche en détails et en nuance qui se détache sur un beau ciel. Une superbe composition et une note utile et détaillée.
Bonne journée Romano,
bartekp (4746) 2014-03-27 11:14
Nice warm spring shot. Buildings look superb in this sunlight.
Have a nice evening!
Cricri (126778) 2014-03-28 7:19
L'arrondi du mur nous guide vers le pont et le château, j'aime le POV avec la présence de l'eau , le tout sous une très belle lumière, belle réalisation
mkamionka (40123) 2014-03-28 8:31
wow this is such an impressive view of this famous structure. Fantastic composition with the river bank making so many attractive lines here. The sky was brilliant too with the clouds aligned to add one more geometrical feature. Great polarized light produced well saturated and natural colors. I like the low perspective with inclusion of the bridge but also the river itself.
Excellent work, I like it very much and it makes me want to go to Rome again :)
Have a great weekend,
PaulVDV (32743) 2014-03-29 12:59
I've never seen a picture of the Castel Sant'Angelo taken from this POV. It certainly gives us a new and a totally different look.
You've composed this picture very attractive with the curve of that huge wall.
The long white cloud fills the sky nicely above the castle.
Best regards, Paul
siudzi (34141) 2014-03-29 13:05
What a fantastic capture of this well-known monument! Your POV worked perfectly to build classy and elegant presentation. Sharpness and exposure were executed very well to achieve a top class shot. Bravo!
annjackman (21903) 2014-03-30 12:56
The clarity is most impressive and your viewpont has used the wall and path to make a very good lead in to the main subject. The beautiful architectural details are enhanced by the lovely light. The golden reflections on the river are particularly lovely.
Kind Regards, Ann
krzychu30 (15512) 2014-04-03 2:19
the Castel Sant'Angelo and the brigde are well known and presented often on photos from Rome.But I´m really impressed by Your vision of this scene and completely new perspective you´ve found to capture these both subjects.
Great to see how excellently you used the curved pavement to lead our eyes towards the main attractions and how it creates so attractive visual effect.
Have a nice day
ChrisJ (118961) 2014-04-03 12:29
The sweeping curves of the Tiber River add good lead in lines and natural perspective with the embankment wall at left coverging towards the circular stone tower and the bridge. Nice warm cold color contrasts between the blue sky and reddish hued tower. Tfs!
ourania (51103) 2014-04-08 13:49
una bellissima presentazione del Castel Sant' Angelo, una composizione ben strutturata ed efficacissima nel guidare lo spettatore verso l' edifizio in modo originale ed intrigante. Seguire le curve della riva fa' piacere ed il ponte aggiunge equilibrio ed interesse. Hai catturato superbi dettagli che sono accentuati dal ottimo uso di ombre e contrasto. Mi piacciono molto i colori ed il calore delle strutture di pietra accanto alle tonalita' fredde. Complimenti e grazie!
Tanti saluti e buona notte,
delpeoples (59886) 2014-04-08 15:34
Spesso vediamo questa scena di note, me vedo che anche di giorno, l'ha il suo fascino. Bellissimi i colori ed i riflessi sul fiume. Il ponte é un capolavoro, come la foto. Mi piace molto la prospettiva hai creato usando le curve del fiume, che guida gli occhi vero il castello ed il ponte. Complimenti, la foto é stupenda.
fotka (4877) 2014-04-11 5:26
This is wonderful piece of architecture in nicely composed picture. The arch of the wall with sidewalk and river made interesting foreground. The sky also formed special cloud for this shot. Well done with great quality.
Have a nice weekend,
josepmarin (58359) 2014-04-14 4:24
esta vista del puente y del Castillo de Sant'Angelo es muy interesante, y creo que poco usual, ya que los turistas toman la foto desde el puente, con otra perspectiva más directa sobre el castillo.
En cambio aquí has jugado con la preciosa perspectiva en curva del muro, que lleva nuestros ojos hacia esos elementos importantes, en una estructura muy eficiente de la composición.
La luz, los colores, el bello cielo azul, y la nube blanca que atraviesa el encuadre, completan un bonito trabajo.
romanaa (8022) 2014-04-14 14:05
brilliant composition here with the strong curve of the wall leading the eye to the all elements of the picture. Beautiful clarity and natural colours.
adores (46419) 2014-04-24 6:37
A good way to frame the castle! I like the diagonal formed by the wall and the way you included part of the bridge. An original pov and colours are also very good.
- Copyright: Romano Lattanzi (Romano46) (18472)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2014-03-21
- Categories: Castles, Architecture
- Camera: Canon EOS 700D, Canon EF 28-135mm IS USM, HOYA 67mm HD Circular Polarize
- Exposure: f/9.0, 1/200 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): The bridges of Rome [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2014-03-25 5:20