Theatre of Marcellus
The Theatre of Marcellus (Latin: Theatrum Marcelli, Italian: Teatro di Marcello) is an ancient open-air theatre in Rome, Italy, built in the closing years of the Roman Republic. At the theatre, locals and visitors alike were able to watch performances of drama and song. Today its ancient edifice in the rione of Sant'Angelo, Rome, once again provides one of the city's many popular spectacles or tourist sites.
It was named after Marcus Marcellus, Emperor Augustus's nephew, who died five years before its completion. Space for the theatre was cleared by Julius Caesar, who was murdered before it could be begun; the theatre was so far advanced by 17 BC that part of the celebration of the ludi saeculares took place within the theatre; it was completed in 13 BC and formally inaugurated in 12 BC by Augustus.
The theatre was 111 m in diameter and was the largest and most important theatre in Ancient Rome ; it could originally hold between 11,000 and 20,000 spectators. It was an impressive example of what was to become one of the most pervasive urban architectural forms of the Roman world. The theatre was built mainly of tuff, and concrete faced with stones in the pattern known as opus reticulatum, completely sheathed in white travertine. The network of arches, corridors, tunnels and ramps that gave access to the interiors of such Roman theaters were normally ornamented with a screen of engaged columns in Greek orders: Doric at the base, Ionic in the middle. It is believed that Corinthian columns were used for the upper level but this is uncertain as the theater was reconstructed in the Middle Ages, removing the top tier of seating and the columns.
Like other Roman theaters in suitable locations, it had openings through which the natural setting could be seen, in this case the Tiber Island to the southwest. The permanent setting, the scaena, also rose to the top of the cavea as in other Roman theaters.
The theatre fell out of use in the early 4th century and the structure served as quarry for e.g. the Pons Cestius in 370 AD. However, the statues located inside the building were restored by Petronius Maximus in 421 and the remaining structure still housed small residential buildings. In the Early Middle Ages the theatre was used as a fortress of the Fabii and then at the end of the 11th century (when it was known as templum Marcelli), by Pier Leoni and later his heirs (the Pierleoni). This saved the complex from further destruction. The Savelli held it in the 13th century. Later, in the 16th century, the residence of the Orsini, designed by Baldassare Peruzzi, was built atop the ruins of the ancient theatre.
Now the upper portion is divided into multiple apartments, and its surroundings are used as a venue for small summer concerts; the Portico d'Ottavia lies to the north west leading to the Roman Ghetto and the Tiber to the south west.
In the 17th century, the renowned English architect Sir Christopher Wren explicitly acknowledged that his design for the Sheldonian Theatre in Oxford was influenced by Serlio's engraving of the Theatre of Marcellus.
Critiques | Translate
cornejo (30706) 2014-02-12 11:42
Romano Ciao, molto bella foto dei resti dell'antico teatro di supporto costruzioni successive, ben composte e catturate con una bella luce su questa immagine interessante con una buona nitidezza, luce e colore. Lavoro eccellente e interessante ben fatto, complimenti amico mio. Grazie per la condivisione di questo bel lavoro.
Buona notte e felice resto della settimana.
I migliori auguri da sud della Spagna.
holmertz (40101) 2014-02-12 11:43
The upper parts of the buildings are catching the last rays of the evening sun. The ochra coloured walls have developed a wondrful warm, golden glow. As so often in Rome it's fascinating to watch ancient and much more recent buildings side by side, or sometimes seeming to grow out of each other. The street makes a very nice curve in the foreground, as your title indicates. The elegant lamp-post covers part of the empty sky along with a lonely seagull.
jemaflor (83779) 2014-02-12 12:03
Interesting monument well presented, lovely warm light well captured, good effect also with the curve, tfs.
Royaldevon (28641) 2014-02-12 12:03
Ciao Caro Romano,
You have taken a really sharp photograph which reveals the details of this ancient building very clearly. The contrast between the shaded part and the highlighted part is very striking. The curve does make a useful guide.
My warm regards,
mesutilgim (83056) 2014-02-12 12:30
I like your later entries with those nice warm lights.
Ths one from Rome is also topclass.
Enriched with many interesting notes.
TFS and best regards
Fis2 (84628) 2014-02-12 12:35
Piêkna stara architektura,
¦wiat³o i kolorystyka robi± wra¿enie.
Foto ma swój klimat.
Silvio1953 (120686) 2014-02-12 12:39
Ciao Romano, altra favolosa luce romana sul teatro di Marcello, magnifiche tonalità calde, bravo, ciao Silvio
macjake (55614) 2014-02-12 13:08
wow, maybe one of your best shots :)
How could anyone resist the golden orange sun rays! Beautiful capture my friend!
And normally i dont like birds in the sky as they tend to be distracting, but here in all honesty it just seems to fit!
Its a winner in my books!
COSTANTINO (54516) 2014-02-12 13:15
Bella composizione Architettonica del theatro
ottimi caldi colori ottimi particolari
carlo62 (31488) 2014-02-12 15:11
con questa atmosfera, basta togliere i lampioni, togliere le strisce per terra e aggiungere qualche carro e un paio di persone in tunica e siamo tornati indietro di 2000 anni, un giochetto da niente.
I palazzi sono questi, la luce è questa, mancavono solo le fotocamere per fare queste splendide foto.
Corry (4508) 2014-02-12 20:00
Ce vieux théâtre est très bien présenté avec cette belle lumière dorée. Félicitations.
jurek1951 (42128) 2014-02-13 0:15
a very spectacular photo of this amazing facade, the composition is superb, great details and the POV is superb,
timecapturer (48086) 2014-02-13 2:08
another golden light capture that is both irresistible and beautiful. Love the enticing sweep and of course the amazing architectural detailing, that looks so elegant and characterful in this exquisite shot.
lousat (75622) 2014-02-13 2:41
Ciao Romano,molto ben bilanciati i due differenti livelli di luce per non perdere i dettagli nell'ombra e non bruciare la parte soleggiata,ottima cattura,inquadratura originale,ancora un po' troppo rumore nella large version che forse e' un po' troppo large..eheh...buona giornata,Luciano
saxo042 (37270) 2014-02-13 2:54
The low sunshine over this old building brings out very good and golden colours. An interesting note for this fine picture.
Sergiom (58770) 2014-02-13 5:46
Tu as su mettre à profit la belle lumière rasante sur le théâtre et aussi du très beau ciel gris en arrière plan comme contraste. Tu semblait seul au monde avec ce très beau monument. J'espère bien le voir aussi en mai lors de mon passage à Rome.
emka (77500) 2014-02-13 18:00
beautiful v iew of the marcellus Theatre. How amazing are the upper floors above the ancient ruins. you had marvelous evening light here. ASuperb ochra colours. Nice inclusioon of the street and lamps. Stunning presentation.
WArm regrads MAlgo
Mics (687) 2014-02-14 1:19
Colpo perfetto baciata dal sole! Mi piace l'effetto di luce calda sulla facciata. Bella!
Nicou (120504) 2014-02-14 8:44
que les tons sont doux sueprbe rendu sur la pierre quel édifice et architecture cadrage et msie en valeur parfait sueprbe très beau travaillé
npecanhuk (64320) 2014-02-14 17:05
Another wonderful place!
Another beautiful and attractive picture!
Sharpness, exposure, colors, vertical format,chosen pov and composition are all excellent!
TFS - congrats,
abmdsudi (42690) 2014-02-15 8:26
What a striking ancient structures and the impact rendered. Love your pov revealing the textures and tones really well. The architecture, warm tones and the sky colors really blend so well together and pin sharp with all the right elements are here to transform this into a grand image. The bird gives us a nice final touch. You have done an especially good job here. Great photography, Congrats.