Rome - Church of the Gesù
The Church of the Gesù (Italian: Chiesa del Gesù) is the mother church of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order also known as the Jesuits. Officially named Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Gesù all'Argentina its facade is "the first truly baroque façade", introducing the baroque style into architecture. The church served as model for innumerable Jesuit churches all over the world, especially in the Americas. The Church of the Gesù is located in the Piazza del Gesù in Rome.
First conceived in 1551 by Saint Ignatius of Loyola, the founder of the Jesuits Society of Jesus, and active during the Protestant Reformation and the subsequent Catholic Reformation, the Gesù was also the home of the Superior General of the Society of Jesus until the suppression of the order in 1773.
Although Michelangelo, at the request of the Spanish cardinal Bartolomeo de la Cueva, offered, out of devotion, to design the church free, the endeavor was funded by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, grandson of Pope Paul III, the pope who had authorized the founding of the Society of Jesus. Ultimately, the main architects involved in the construction were Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, architect of the Farnese family, and Giacomo della Porta. The church was built on the same spot as the previous church Santa Maria della Strada, where Saint Ignatius of Loyola had once prayed before an image of the Holy Virgin. This image, now adorned with gems, can be seen in the church in the chapel of Ignatius on the right side of the altar.
Construction of the church began on 26 June 1568 to Vignola's design. Vignola was assisted by the Jesuit Giovanni Tristano, who took over from Vignola in 1571. When he died in 1575 he was succeeded by the Jesuit architect Giovanni de Rosis. Giacoma della Porta was involved in the construction of the cross-vault, dome, and the apse.
The revision of Vignola's façade design by della Porta has offered architectural historians opportunities for a close comparison between Vignola's balanced composition in three superimposed planes and Della Porta's dynamically fused tension bound by its strong vertical elements, contrasts that have sharpened architectural historians' perceptions for the last century (Whitman 1970:108). Vignola's rejected design remained readily available to architects and prospective patrons in an engraving of 1573.
The design of this church has set a pattern for Jesuit churches that lasted into the twentieth century; its innovations require enumerating. Aesthetics across the Catholic Church as a whole were strongly influenced by the Council of Trent. Although the Council itself said little about church architecture, its suggestion of simplification prompted Charles Borromeo to reform ecclesiastical building practise. Evidence of attention to his writings can be found at the Gesù. There is no narthex in which to linger: the visitor is projected immediately into the body of the church, a single nave without aisles, so that the congregation is assembled and attention is focused on the high altar. In place of aisles there are a series of identical interconnecting chapels behind arched openings, to which entrance is controlled by decorative balustrades with gates. Transepts are reduced to stubs that emphasize the altars of their end walls.
The plan synthesizes the central planning of the High Renaissance, expressed by the grand scale of the dome and the prominent piers of the crossing, with the extended nave that had been characteristic of the preaching churches, a type of church established by Franciscans and Dominicans since the thirteenth century. Everywhere inlaid polychrome marble revetments are relieved by gilding, frescoed barrel vaults enrich the ceiling and rhetorical white stucco and marble sculptures break out of their tectonic framing. The example of the Gesù did not completely eliminate the traditional basilica church with aisles, but after its example was set, experiments in Baroque church floor plans, oval or Greek cross, were largely confined to smaller churches and chapels.
Critiques | Translate
jhm (153036) 2014-02-10 2:49
Thank you very much for your interesting notes.
We get a picture with wonderful much details.
The tower makes these picture wonderful.
Composition and presentation be superb.
Very well done, TFS.
Have a nice week,
delpeoples (58082) 2014-02-10 2:54
Oooh la la! Un close up meraviglioso. La definizione é proprio impressionante. I dettagli sono ben resi, i colori sono naturali e belli. Ottimo il taglio stretto e la nota é molto informative, totalmente nel spirit di TE.
grazie per la condivisione, un abbraccio
timecapturer (49288) 2014-02-10 3:06
beautifully detailed shot of this magnificent dome. The light is so flattering too, and this crop just perfect at making all the wonderful tones and textures stand out irresistibly. Captivating image!
Have a good week - B.
Kamilutka (8107) 2014-02-10 3:16
lovely picture. The architecture is an example of great workmanship and it has been very well presented in tight frame. The proportions given to the building in the image are excellent and I just have to admire the colors and beautiful light.
Perfect sharpness as well.
Thanks for sharing it
SnapRJW (31629) 2014-02-10 3:37
I love the colours here Romano; the many harmonious shades in the building are contrasted very well by the dark blue-grey sky. The detailing in the building is top class too. An excellent shot. I like this a lot. Warm regards Rosemary
subhendu_bagchi (26089) 2014-02-10 3:40
it is really a beautiful architecture and you presented it here with superb depth and sharpness. I like the soft light on it. Great colour tone too. Superb one. Tfs.
yquem46 (38752) 2014-02-10 4:06
A very nice golden light on this close up shot of this famous church
have a nice day, best regards
Sergiom (79795) 2014-02-10 4:26
J'aime beaucoup ce genre d'image quand le soleil est bas dans le dos du photographe et que le ciel tourne au gris derrière le sujet. La lumière est tout simplement spectaculaire et les détails ressortent dans une grande netteté.
I can't wait to be in Rome in May.
snunney (99184) 2014-02-10 4:29
I like the way the church almost fills the whole frame really making its presence felt. The colours and detail are superb.
Noel_Byrne (31136) 2014-02-10 4:52
Mi piace la vista di un edificio ben illuminato contro un minaccioso cielo scuro, e questo è un superbo esempio di arte. L'edificio in sé è sensazionale, molto imponente e le texture delle pareti e le piastrelle sono meravigliosi. la luce rende così attraente.
amaryllis (37039) 2014-02-10 5:29
cette lumière sur le dôme de cette église est fantastique!
de beaux détails architecturaux, un ciel de contraste qui renforce cette lumière et valorise l'édifice religieux
merci de ce si beau partage
Silvio1953 (143320) 2014-02-10 6:06
Ciao Romano, gran bella luce sulla magnifica cupola, ci hai beccato anche un gabbiano e ci sta bene, composizione ben curata e ottima nitidezza, bravo, ciao Silvio
Graal (102896) 2014-02-10 7:37
very nice old architecture of chiesa. I like the cupola. Interesting details and style. Well presentation.
Have a nice evening.
rychem (36131) 2014-02-10 8:46
What a beautiful warm light! This is a beautiful done of a church and you have chosen a good POV to capture it. Elegant photo
Gigidusud (21151) 2014-02-10 8:46
Fantastica questa cupola illuminata da una luce dorata. Ottima l'inquadratura, bravo!
danos (97885) 2014-02-10 9:11
very nice the view of the upper part of the church with the dome to floodlight under this dark and cloudy sky.
I like the details as the clarity of the scene we can see.
eldancer1 (36343) 2014-02-10 10:08
Simple but beautiful architectures, I like the dome. Nicely captured with good details. Well done, tfs.
claudeD (38766) 2014-02-10 10:51
thank you very much for your informative not. Very good sharpnnes and much details in this very interesting picture.Very well done.TFS.
With regards from Luxembourg
carlo62 (48391) 2014-02-10 13:31
bello scatto, pulito e diretto, con la presenza discreta del gabbiano.
Ottimo accompagnamento della nota, del resto sei sempre molto attento a queste cose.
Hansaphotos (8081) 2014-02-10 13:35
Fabulous picture of this church. Wonderful details especially on the roof. A fine close-up view of the beautiful building, very well captured in a nice light. Great work:) Thanks.
Have a nice week.
tyro (24868) 2014-02-10 14:20
This is a splendidly clear and sharp picture of this beautiful domed church and your note about its design is fascinating. Oh, how I would love to see some photographs from the interior of this wonderful place of worship!
You have photographed this magnificent building in the most wonderful light, the dome standing out like a jewel against the dark sky. The colours are beautiful, your exposure perfect and the details and sharpness exquisite.
krzychu30 (15512) 2014-02-10 14:24
fantastic detailed shot of one of many Rome´s churches.
I like your close-up presentation and this soft,but warm light,which creates so lovely character of the scene.
lousat (91442) 2014-02-10 14:30
Ciao Romano,stavolta c'e' poco da commentare,la perfezione del tuo scatto mi lascia senza lavoro..ehehe...grande luce e ottimi dettagli anche nella large version,buon Martedi',Luciano
nikkitta (17066) 2014-02-10 14:50
Spectacular le close up of the cupola of the famous church
Sharpness let me admire the texture and architectonical details
Like the golden light in contrast with the dark back
And more th flyig bird at almost the top
Very wel done, tfs
Corry (4508) 2014-02-10 20:28
Magnifique photo de ce dôme coloré avec une belle lumière qui permet d'apprécier les détails. Le ciel sombre derrière l'église donne un très bel effet à l'image. Très bien fait.
elenimavrandoni (0) 2014-02-10 21:26
una macro fantastica, la luce e il contrasto al top!!
complimenti tanti Romano, ti ringrazio per i tuoi commenti molto gentile!!
jurek1951 (42196) 2014-02-11 7:58
a very spectacular photo of this massive church, the composition is superb, beautiful lights and the POV is excellent. Great view,,
mkamionka (36755) 2014-02-17 7:17
I had the pleasure to visit the very rich interior of this wonderful church. You have captured it in a fantastic light: it is so warm and the colors so attractive. Great sharpness so we can almost touch the surface of the architecture. Lovely set against the darker sky.
adores (45365) 2014-03-08 12:25
The soft light is great here! I like the composition, you framed the dome very well and the bird on the left is a nice detail! Beautiful colours!