San Silvestro in Capite
The Basilica of Saint Sylvester the First also known as (Italian: San Silvestro in Capite, Latin: San Silvestri in Capite) is a Roman Catholic minor basilica and titular church in Rome dedicated to Pope Saint Sylvester I. It is located on Piazza San Silvestre, on the corner of Via del Gambero and the Via della Mercede, and stands adjacent to the central Post Office, while across the Piazza stands Santi Claudio e Andrea dei Borgognoni.
Built in the 8th century as a shrine for the relics of the saints and martyrs from the Catacombs, the church is the National church of Great Britain. The Latin words "in capite" refers to the canonical title of Pope Sylvester the First, to which in capite means in First, in Chief, or in Head. By honorific coincidence, the basilica is also famous for enshrining a fragmented head purported to be Saint John the Baptist, putatively kept as a relic, in a chapel to the left of the entrance. A second Roman church dedicated to Saint Sylvester is San Silvestro al Quirinale.
The original church was built in the 8th century by the Popes Paul I and Stephen III, atop ruins of a pagan temple dedicated to Sol Invictus, to house venerated relics of early Christian saints who were buried in the catacombs. The church was rebuilt and the campanile with Romanesque arcades added in 1198 during the papacy of Innocent III, while in the 13th century the church was donated to the Poor Clares.
It was rebuilt by the architects Francesco da Volterra and Carlo Maderno during 1591–1601, and subsequently restored in 1681. The relics of Pope Sylvester I, Pope Stephen I and Pope Dionysius were exhumed and re-enshrined beneath the high altar when the new church was consecrated in 1601. The church also contains the relics of Saint Tarcisius.
The church of San Silvestro was granted to the English Catholics by Pope Leo XIII in 1890, and is now served by Irish Pallottine Fathers. Mass is thus regularly celebrated in the English language. The church is the National Church in Rome of Great Britain.
The Cardinal Priest of the Titulus S. Silvestri in Capite is Desmond Connell, former Archbishop of Dublin. He was appointed on February 21, 2001 to succeed Basil Hume. It also serves as a church for the Philippine Community in Rome.
The church has an atrium and narthex, which isolates the church from the busy square outside. There are fragments of early Christian sculpture, many with inscriptions, embedded in the walls of the atrium.
The facade has an unusual giant order topped with four baroque statues (1703):]San Silvestro by Lorenzo Ouone, Saint Stephen by Michelangelo Borgognone, Saint Clare by Giuseppe Mazzoni and Saint Francis by Vincenzo Felice.
It is believed that the high altar, which predates the present church, was influenced by the style of Michelangelo. The interior is rich in marble, gilding, and artistic decoration. The nave has an Assumption with Saints frescoed (1680) by Giacinto Brandi. The main altar carved ciborium or canopy (1667) by Carlo Rainaldi. The cupola was frescoed (1605) by Cristoforo Roncalli. A Martyrdom of San Stephan I and a Messengers of Costantine call on San Silvestro (1610) were frescoed in the apse by Orazio Borgianni. In the baptistry apse, there is a Baptism of Costantine by Ludovico Gimignani. The transept has a History of San Silvestro (1690) also by Gimignani, and a Madonna with Child by Baccio Ciarpi.
In the first chapel to the right is a Madonna with child & Saint Anthony of Padua & Stephan I and other saints (1695) by Giuseppe Chiari. In the second chapel is a Saint Francis receives stigmata (1610) by Orazio Gentileschi accompanied by paintings of the life of the saint by Luigi Garzi. In the third, a Pentecost by Giuseppe Ghezzi. The left transept has a Madonna & child by Terenzio Terenzi. In the third chapel on the left is a fresco of the Immaculate Conception by Gimignani. On the walls are an Adoration by the Magi and Visitation by the Milanese il Morrazzone. In the second chapel is a Pope San Marcello has a vision of the Sacred Family and a Transit and Glory of San Giuseppe by Gimignani. In the first chapel are canvases of the Passion (1695) by Francesco Trevisani.
A convent, dedicated to Pope Sylvester I and Pope Stephen I (Saint Stephen I), was built adjacent to the church. The nuns remained in that convent until 1876 when they were dispossessed. The convent has recently been renovated and continues to serve as the main Post Office of Rome.
Critiques | Translate
Kamilutka (3738) 2013-10-22 13:05
after small break it is nice to see your photos again. TRhis one is no exception and I like how you decided to take the photo from a little bit lower perspoective with roses in the foreground. The vases with them lead nicely the eye and add pretty tones to the whole image.
Thanks for sharing
krzychu30 (12689) 2013-10-22 13:18
the low perspective and the way you used these flowerbeds to create strong lines leading our eyes towards the church is just brilliant!
For me-definitely fine and creative way of looking on the "Eternal City".
You could also benefit from so nice,soft light,which helps you to create even more pleasant mood of the shot thanks to its light&shades play.
Excellently considered and composed image!
Wish You all the best
lousat (64197) 2013-10-22 13:46
Un grandissimo POV quasi rasoterra,i vasi aprono la visione come Gesu' sulle acque,ed il paragone regge bene visto che in fondo c'e' la sua casa...una foto entusiasmante,non lo dico per amicizia ma mi piace moltissimo!! Buonanotte e complimenti,Luciano
dta (56664) 2013-10-22 14:09
Ciao Romano ,
La perspetive est excellente , grace à ce point de vue bas bien choisi , qui mène le regard , à travers cette allée de rosiers en pots , à la porte sombre de cette très belle facade ;
brianmcc (5788) 2013-10-22 14:19
you have composed this very nicely with your low viewpoint and the flowerpots leading the eye towards the wonderful architecture. the sunlight resting on the top of the building is a lovely addition and brings the image to life.
PaulVDV (17273) 2013-10-22 15:13
Your low POV makes the flower pots with roses look gigantic. They show us unquestionably the way to the portal of the church.
An attractive compositon, good sharpness, beautifully colourful.
Best regards, Paul
elysan (202) 2013-10-22 15:13
Ciao Romano! Splendido POV e profondità "aggiunta" grazie alla disposizione delle piante di rose che accompagnano lo sguardo verso l'ingresso della chiesa. Molto bella!
npecanhuk (56368) 2013-10-22 18:22
Very beautiful architectural details!
Very attractive picture!
Sharpness, colors and, above all, exposure, chosen low pov and composition are all excellent here!
TFS - congrats,
Corry (1465) 2013-10-22 20:21
Encore une fois, tu as choisi un très beau point de vue pour prendre une photo de cette basilique et de son campanile avec cet allée de fleurs en avant-plan. Belle luminosité et netteté. Bien fait. Salutations.
elenimavrandoni (9965) 2013-10-22 21:15
Non ho mai visitato Lazio ma ho visto le foto prima e so che è bello come il resto d'Italia ... con la tua foto che mi state dando idee dove trascorrere le mie prossime vacanze.....
una bellissima composizione, nel colore, nella struttura, in contrasto e, naturalmente, in mostra della magnifica architettura
vi ringrazio molto per i tuoi commenti molto utili per le mie foto
Sto imparando qualcosa ogni giorno!!
mirosu (8130) 2013-10-22 22:24
This is very well composed photo. The composition is well chosen, with excellent combination of light and shadows and great depth. I like the clear light brown color of the basilica because it contrasts nicely with the blue sky. The roses in pots give a nice pleasant bonus to the scene. Well done my friend. Have a nice day.
danos (78122) 2013-10-22 23:48
fascinating the view of the place with the impressive building to dominating the backdrop of the scene.The big pots that decorating the corridor creates perspective and depth in the image.Excellent the light and the colour management with the details to are superb.
Have a good day,Danos
cargus (7556) 2013-10-22 23:51
Wonderful composition with interesting architectural details from a beautiful building, very nice light management and graphic mood, excellent POV,
emka (64144) 2013-10-23 0:00
beautiful church and wonderful presentation with the row of pots with roses. marvelous composition and colours. There are still so many beautiful places in Rome that I haven't seen.
I met Deniz (rigoletto) in Istanbul and we both agreed that we love Rome.
snunney (72716) 2013-10-23 2:26
Clever use of the pots of flowers to guide the viewer toward the front door of the church. I like the light and shadow contrasts and the excellent detail. Also, the pleasant warm colours.
SnapRJW (23656) 2013-10-23 2:46
An effective low vantage point makes a wonderful feature and lead in line of the roses Romano. They add a lovely splash of colour in the shady area of your shot. Additionally, the harmonise really well with the colours of the buildings. I like your observational skills here.... nicely composed shot. Warm regards Rosemary
Nicou (105809) 2013-10-23 2:51
quelle perspective sur les pots à fleur ronds sueprbe iamge et cpatage quelle vue avec en fond cette église beige fantastique vue.
Bravo et amitié
Sergiom (45441) 2013-10-23 5:43
J'aime beaucoup le point de vue bas entre les pots de fleurs qui ajoute de la profondeur à l'mage et qui guide le regard vers ces beaux immeubles et surtout le clocher dans ce ciel limpide.
rychem (13660) 2013-10-23 9:19
I like your POV very much, great idea, very nice rows of flowerpots, and great view of the basilica, bravo
cornejo (22530) 2013-10-23 11:15
Ciao Romano, molto buona foto di questa composizione interessante e bello con una buona prospettiva, molto ben catturato con un grande POV, in questa immagine interessante, con una buona nitidezza, profondità, luce e colore. Molto buono e bello lavoro ben fatto, complimenti amico mio. Grazie per la condivisione di questo interessante lavoro.
Buona notte e resto felice della settimana.
Cordiali saluti dal sud della Spagna.
tatadalou (3975) 2013-10-23 12:39
L'allineamento dei vasi di fiori e l'angolo al livello del suolo dà una prospettiva unica e attraente. Toni chiari e caldi delle pareti sono molto dulci. L'insieme è un grande successo.
Silvio1953 (105527) 2013-10-24 0:51
Ciao Romano, bella composizione con tanti fiori, splendida nitidezza e magnifici colori, bravo, ciao Silvio
dkmurphys (42493) 2013-10-24 0:52
Nice pov to capture the entrance of the church. Your images reminds me of the great time I had in Rome.
Enjoy a good day.
Angshu (52890) 2013-10-24 2:57
The low perspective looks good leading us into the frame. The bell tower here is a strong attention grabber, but equally interesting are the buildings which surround it. Beautiful pastel colours of the buildings which contrast with the blue sky...Good work!
Noel_Byrne (13356) 2013-10-24 4:43
Amate la profondità in questo, la scelta di prendere un punto di vista basso tra questi vasi di fiori è una grande idea per sottolineare questo, e l'occhio è guidato perfettamente alla raffinata serie di architettura nel ackdrop. Mi piace come solo le punte degli edifici sono illuminati, e partiamo dalle tenebre alla luce e il cielo blu brillante, mentre ci muoviamo attraverso il colpo. Grande post, grazie.
Tutti i migliori
Cricri (92185) 2013-10-25 7:32
Belle entrée vers l'église entre les gros pots de fleurs, beau jeu ombre et de lumière, une belle et intéressante architecture bien présenter en grand format
macjake (45588) 2013-10-25 17:20
I always enjoy viewing the architectural styles of Rome and Italy, who doesn't right!
the blue and yellow color combination will almost always work well together.
beautiful windows and smaller ornate features too.
nice shot all around
jmdias (48351) 2013-11-01 0:21
muito bom este ponto de vista baixo apanhando os grandes vasos com as roseiras.a fachada da igreja é muito bonita e o campanário está bem colocado na imagem. uma pena que não tenha visitado esta parte do capitólio.uma linda fotografia.