Rome - Forum of Caesar and Curia Julia
Curia Julia (Latin: Curia Iulia) is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla’s reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did this in order to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and Forum Romanum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar’s successor Augustus in 29 BC.
The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures to survive to the modern day mostly intact, due to its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However the roof, together with the upper elevations of the side walls and rear façade, are modern. These parts date from the remodelling of the deconsecrated church in the 1930's.
The exterior of the Curia Julia features brick-faced concrete with a huge buttress at each angle. The lower part of the front wall was decorated with slabs of marble. The upper part was covered with stucco imitation of white marble blocks. A single flight of steps leads up the bronze doors. The current bronze doors are modern replicas; the original bronze doors were transferred to the Basilica of St. John Lateran by Pope Alexander VII in 1660.
Interestingly enough, a coin was found within the doors during their transfer. This coin allowed Archaeologists to date repairs made to the Senate House and the addition of the bronze doors to the reign of the Emperor Domitian AD 81-96. The original appearance of the Senate House is known from an Augustan/Octavian denarius of 28BC which shows the veranda held up by columns on the front wall of the building
The interior of the Curia Julia is fairly austere. The hall is 25.20 meters long by 17.61 meters wide. There are three broad steps that could have fitted five rows of chairs, or a total of about three hundred senators. The walls are stripped, but originally were veneered in marble two-thirds of the way up. The two main features of the interior of the Curia Julia are its “Altar of Victory” and its striking floor.
At the far end of the Curia’s hall could be found the “Altar of Victory”. It consisted of a statue of Victoria, the personification of victory, standing on a globe, extending a wreath. This altar was placed in the Curia by Augustus to celebrate Rome’s military prowess, and more specifically his own victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. The altar was removed in the 4th century as part of a general backlash against the pagan traditions of ancient Rome.
The other main feature of the Curia’s interior, the floor, is in contrast to the building's colorless exterior. Featured on the floor is the Roman art technique of opus sectile, in which materials are cut and inlaid into walls and floors in order to make pictures of patterns. It is described by Claridge as “stylized rosettes in squares alternate with opposed pairs of entwined cornucopias in rectangles, all worked in green and red porphyry on backgrounds of Numidian yellow Phrygian purple”.
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Noel_Byrne (13234) 2013-10-14 4:56
This is beautiful, layer upon layer of history, all shown in my favorite subject of architecture. I like your composition here a lot, the nice busy foreground with lots of ruined columns, and then rising on the left through the church, tower and dome. This lends excellent depth the scene too. Really nicely done, as always.
Sergiom (45308) 2013-10-14 5:03
J'aime beaucoup le ciel dans cette composition. Les nuages donne l'impression de bouger. L'endroit est particulièrement beau et plein d'histoire et de vestiges d'une époque glorieuse.
Oceania (3231) 2013-10-14 5:53
This picture is very good in composition and clarity. Thanks for sharing.
SNOOP_Chan (3662) 2013-10-14 6:05
Ciao Romano, very nice image here, i love it. Fortunately for me i've had the chance to visit these magnificent ruins back in 2005 but it feels like it was yesterday. Thanx for bringing back memories. Well done.
Corry (1445) 2013-10-14 6:12
Très beau point de vue sur une partie des Forums Impériaux avec un ciel magnifique. Les couleurs sont belles et la netteté excellente. Félicitations.
SnapRJW (23538) 2013-10-14 8:50
How incredible it must be to live surrounded by such archaeological sites and classical architecture every day. My mind boggles at all the fine detail in this shot Romano. A fine overview of the location, I really like the red poppies in the FG, nowhere near as complex as the ruins and architecture but they have a simple beauty which adds a lovely detail. Have a good evening Rosemary
Silvio1953 (105381) 2013-10-14 9:39
Ciao Romano, gran bella inquadratura delle magnifiche rovine, favoloso il cielo di Roma, bravo, ciao Silvio
holmertz (31226) 2013-10-14 10:10
Rome seems to be one of the few places where you can take a photo in almost any place and bring us back 2000 years. The "fragments" of columns and the grass covered with red poppies provide an original and beautiful foreground. Further back we get ever more of History. The exposure is perfect and the well saturated colours do this appealing composition full justice.
siudzi (27701) 2013-10-14 11:33
Like this view on the Forum with so many interesting elements of your composition. It looks really great and classy. Perfectly executed sharpness and exposure gave a fantastic result. Very well done. Charming postcard from Rome!
elenimavrandoni (9965) 2013-10-14 22:53
Romano, questa è una foto che la dice lunga in una sola composizione, la nota è straordinario e la vostra immagine è fantastico di colori, di luce, di un bel cielo e dei piccoli meravigliosi dettagli, come i papaveri rossi ..
Sarò in viaggio per i prossimi giorni per lavoro e sarò di nuovo nel fine settimana per godersi le belle immagini, non contare la mia assenza..
carlo62 (19333) 2013-10-14 23:50
dopo tante giornate cupe, finalmente un cielo brillante che sovrasta questo storico luogo.
Una bella inquadratura, con tanti dettagli da osservare.
Bello il prato punteggiato di rosso.
dkmurphys (42431) 2013-10-15 0:12
Another fine classical image of Rome. I can't get enough of this city, is just amazing.
Nice colors, well captured.
saxo042 (33878) 2013-10-15 1:09
A very fine picture and a very interesting view (and note). It is indeed fascinating to see the buildings here and to try to imagine the persons who built them more than 2000 years ago.
krzychu30 (12605) 2013-10-15 2:07
here we become aware how wonderful heritage left in Rome from the ancient times.Excellent presentation of the Forum with all remainings,ruins and some later buildings(nice cross-section of different times).
But as much as the presentation of the architecture and remainings I enjoy here the FG.Combination of green grass and some red poppies makes really beautiful FG and superb "opening" to the scene.
Have a good day
timecapturer (36978) 2013-10-15 2:26
iconic Roma this shot. Full of sharp architectural style and a mix of green and blue to make the antiquities stand out so beautifully. Glorious! Love it!
Regards - Brian.
SWEETFREEDOM (19902) 2013-10-15 11:44
il cielo e' molto bello ma e' il paesaggio sottostante che attira gli sguardi, splendide rovine ed interessanti edifici sullo sfondo. belli i papaveri in primo piano
macjake (45574) 2013-10-15 17:27
looks like you got some warm lighting here this time, a photo thats so well executed and exposed.
the smokey looking clouds add a nice touch.
and of course the historic architecture is the star.
can't get enough of that side lighting, very attractive.
PaulVDV (17217) 2013-10-15 18:12
An original POV for this very beautiful shot of the forum.
I like the composition and the red poppies on the foreground that add some more colour.
Best regards, Paul
mkamionka (27051) 2013-10-16 5:28
beautiful presentation from Rome. I like the composition with the interesting foreground and the attractive buildings in the upper right part of the frame. Lovely sky and in general great light and colors. It seems to be a lesser known POV to the Forum.
mirosu (8046) 2013-10-17 0:36
Ero un po 'in silenzio nei giorni scorsi (senza Internet-sacco di viaggio); proprio ieri sono tornato dal mio viaggio in Kerala, ed è stato eccellente. Il mio silenzio è rotto. Ho già iniziato a postare foto da questo viaggio.
Grazie per il molto interessante introduzione nota.
The view down is clever. The composition is well chosen, with excellent combination of light and colors and perfect deep depth of field. I like the clear blue sky color because it contrasts nicely with the brown and greens in the foreground. The overall composition with the Roman structures in FG and nice buildings in BG is very good. Excellent clarity, superb focusing.
Very well done. Have a nice day.
SimoAle (170) 2013-10-17 8:43
hai creato una bella composizione dai colori accesi e naturali! Molto bella l'inquadratura e la nitidezza!
Salutami tanto la bella Roma!
bayno (18334) 2013-10-23 22:21
Ciao Romano, credo di avertelo già detto...conosci molto bene le regole della composizione...e qui ne abbiamo la riprova....la location si commenta da sola...e io da buon romano posso solo fare il tifo....la giornata era splendida con un meraviglioso cielo e una bella luce...stupendi i colori e i dettagli...