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La valle del Foro, paludosa e inospitale, venne utilizzata tra X e VII secolo a.C. come necropoli dei primi villaggi stanziati sulle colline circostanti. Solamente verso il 600 a.C., ad opera del re etrusco Tarquinio Prisco, venne drenata con la costruzione della Cloaca Massima e ricevette una pavimentazione in tufo; la piazza di forma rettangolare nacque come luogo di mercato oltre che per lo svolgimento della vita politica e giudiziaria, in un punto centrale della città verso cui convergevano molte importanti strade, la più importante delle quali era la Via Sacra, che correva dalle pendici del Campidoglio fino all'Arco di Tito.




The Roman Forum, Forum Romanum, (although the Romans called it more often the Forum Magnum or just the Forum) was the central area around which ancient Rome developed, in which commerce and the administration of justice took place. The communal hearth was also located here. It was built on the site of a past cemetery.
Sequences of remains of paving show that sediment eroded from the surrounding hills was already raising the level of the forum in early Republican times. Originally it had been marshy ground, which was drained by the Tarquins with the Cloaca Maxima. Its final travertine paving, still visible, dates from the reign of Augustus.

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Additional Photos by Giorgio Clementi (Clementi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3694 W: 437 N: 9370] (52514)
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