Grado is a town and comune in the north-eastern Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia, located on a peninsula of the Adriatic Sea between Venice and Trieste.
Once mainly a fishing center, today it is a popular tourist destination, known commonly as L'Isola del Sole ("The Sunny Island"), also famous because it is also a spa town; together with Marano Lagunare, it is the center of the Marano-Grado Lagoon, which is famous for its uncontaminated nature. Grado is the birthplace of Biagio Marin, a poet who sang about the island in the local Venetian dialect.
In Roman times the city, known as ad Aquae Gradatae, was first port for ships entering the Natissa (Natisone), headed upstream to Aquileia.
Quite close is the ancient Roman city of Aquileia; during the late years of the Western Roman Empire many people fled from Aquileia to Grado in order to find a safer place, more protected from the invasions coming from the east. In 452, Nicetas, Bishop of Aquileia, took refuge briefly at Grado; of the same period is the earliest construction of Grado's first Cathedral, the first church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, and the Baptistery. Grado was the home base of the Patriarchate's fleet.
In 568, after the invasion of the Lombards, the seat of the Patriarchate of Aquileia was transferred here by the Patriarch Paulinus. After the Schism of the Three Chapters, two different Patriarchs were elected: the Patriarch of Grado exerted its jurisdiction over the Latin-origin people living in the coast and in the Venetian Lagoon, while that of Old-Aquileia, later moved to Cividale, had its jurisdiction on the mainland. A long lasting dispute over the authority of the two patriarchs ensued: in 993 the patriarch of Aquileia, Popo, conquered Grado, but was unable to keep possession of it. The matter was settled only in 1027 when the Pope declared the supremacy of the seat of Aquileia over Grado and the Venetian province.
The seat of the Patriarchate was transferred to Venice in 1451 by Pope Nicholas V. Reduced to a minor hamlet, Grado was sacked by the English, who burned the city archives, in 1810 and by the French in 1812. Grado was acquired by Austria in 1815, to which it belonged until 1918, when it was ceded to Italy after its victory in World War I.
Today there are frequent finds of inscriptions, sarcophagi, marble sculpture and small bronzes that once furnished its villas. The remains of one of these villas has been excavated on the islet of Gorgo in the lagoon.
Modern landmarks include:
• The Basilica of Sant'Eufemia (Cathedral), with the octagonal Baptistry (late 5th century). The church was once preceded by a quadri-portico, one of the columns of which is now in the centre of the Patriarch's Square. The current appearance of the church dates from the reconstruction by Fra Elia (579), with a simple hut façade and a bell tower (15th century) on the right side, which is surmounted by a statue portraying St. Michael and known as the Anzolo (1462). The interior has a nave and two aisles. The main point of interest is the mosaic pavement from the 6th century, restored in 1946-48.
• The basilica of Santa Maria delle Grazie. Begun in the 4th-5th centuries, it was renovated in the 6th century and restored in Baroque in 1640.
• The Barbana Sanctuary. It is located in a small island in the Grado Lagoon. The original church was erected in 582 and was since rebuilt and enlarged.
Of the ancient fortress only a tower, turned into a private residence, and parts of the walls can still be seen. Under the Town Hall are remains of the Palaeo-Christian basilica of Piazza Vittoria.
The Valle Cavanata Nature Reserve is a 327-hectare (810-acre) protected area situated in the easternmost part of the Grado Lagoon.
Today, Grado attracts scores of tourists each year to its hotels and campgrounds. A large water park run by a municipal corporation is the main attraction, complete with indoor and outdoor swimming pools, and a health center offering spa treatments.
The town also boasts a well-preserved pedestrian-only center, in which many shops, bars, and restaurants are located.
Grado also offers facilities for many sporting activities, including tennis, wind-surfing, and golf. From Grado can be done excursions by boat to the Grado Lagoon, and visit the many dozen islands inside it (like Barbana)
Critiques | Translate
emka (74159) 2013-11-23 10:12
Ciao Romano. we do not ofhte see this charming town, so beautifully situated on the laguna. Were you also in Aquileia? You found fascinating labyrinth of narrow streets. It must be pleasure to get lost there.
Nice old houses with flowers.
Warm regrads MAlgo
cornejo (28794) 2013-11-23 10:28
Ciao Romano, grande fotografia di questa bella e interessante composizione, con attraversamento strade strette con interessanti dettagli, molto bello incorniciato e catturato questa bella foto con una buona nitidezza, profondità, luce e colore. Molto buono ed interessante lavoro ben fatto, complimenti amico mio. Grazie per aver condiviso questo bel lavoro.
Buona notte e buona Domenica.
I migliori auguri da sud della Spagna.
lousat (73149) 2013-11-23 15:02
Ciao Romano,angolino delizioso ,semplice,ma in cui si apprezza tutta la cura degli abitanti per mantenerlo al meglio,molto belle le differenti colorazioni e eta' delle ante delle finestre,buoni dettagli e colori brillanti.Buona Domenica,Luciano
imageme (1591) 2013-11-23 15:33
Hi Romano, A lovely alley here, with very natural colours and lights. Staring with the stone path in the FG leads to the curve at the end framed the buildings perfectly. In the middle a bouquet of red flower decorates the harmony.....Thank for sharing
trevormoffiet (2682) 2013-11-23 20:12
You have captured perfectly this flagstoned street in Grado. Nice light and detail throughout the image. The vegetation adds a colourful but soft contrast to the masonry walls.
elenimavrandoni (14241) 2013-11-23 21:45
Romano,le tue immagini sono sempre magnifici e tutto quello che si meritano è complimenti
molto pittoresca e tradizionale architettura, colori molto belli e un villaggio molto invitante!!
un caro saluto
SnapRJW (29570) 2013-11-23 23:14
Hello Romano - Now this is what I imagine a typical Italian town's hidden corners to look like and if, in May when we visit, I get one shot as attractive as this one I shall be well pleased. The shot has a tempting mysteriousness about it, I want to wander down the narrow alley and see what lies around the corner. Lovely! Enjoy your Sunday. Rosemary
Nicou (117686) 2013-11-24 1:57
quelle compo et vue sueprbe quelle rue avec le fleurs la végétation ce pavage le petit arche sueprbe gestion des lumières et ensemble.
Bravo et amitié
Royaldevon (27035) 2013-11-24 2:26
Ciao Caro Romano,
Italy is so full of history!
I like this simple subject.
You have given us a taste of the narrow street where converging lines lead us to the brick arch and then ... a little mystery!
The details are sharp and the textures palpable.
Have a lovely Sunday,
snunney (79973) 2013-11-24 2:53
The kind of place that is wonderful to wander around soaking in the atmosphere and taking some pictures. The angle of view creates an air of mystery, which way to go next at the end of the alley? The image has lots of interesting detail, all beautifully rendered under a sympathetic ambient light. Thanks for sharing.
timecapturer (45957) 2013-11-24 3:48
an enticing and characterful little place this. Looks full of intrigue and wonderfully graceful little streets that are just made for exploring. An immaculately executed image and real quality presentation. Beautiful!
Enjoy your Sunday - B.
krzychu30 (15344) 2013-11-24 4:12
we can clearly see its long and rich history and feel its unique atmosphere.Both things are captured and conveyd perfectly by You!
I think I´m not the only one here,who love to stroll such moody,narrow alleys.Very picturesque and charming composition!
Have a nice sunday
Sergiom (55735) 2013-11-24 5:45
J'aimerais bien marcher lentement dans cette petite rue d'un beau village italien, pour m'imprégner de l'atmosphère , des odeurs qui sortent des fenêtres, des couleurs et de la douceur de l'air.
Silvio1953 (117355) 2013-11-24 8:45
Ciao Romano, delizioso angolino, bei colori brillanti e ottima prospettiva, bravo, ciao Silvio
rychem (20313) 2013-11-25 9:13
A romantic corner, I like such naroow streets with a peaceful siesta atmosphere, very well done
Cricri (102185) 2013-11-25 10:24
Une fin de journée calme sans touristes cela laisse un bel aperçu sur tout les détails, le charme de ces petites ruelles sont irrésistibles, j'aime beaucoup
Gigidusud (13761) 2013-11-25 13:33
Ho cominciato a commentare questa foto domenica ma non mi restavo punti.
Bellissima stradina con bei dettagli e colori naturali. Ben fatto!
SWEETFREEDOM (21848) 2013-11-27 0:02
bella inquadratura con un interessante e ben tenuto angolo di questa cittadina.