Paestum is the classical Roman name of a major Graeco-Roman city in the Campania region of Italy. It is located in the north of Cilento, near the coast about 85 km SE of Naples in the province of Salerno, and belongs to the commune of Capaccio.
Founded around the end of the 7th century BC by colonists from the Greek city of Sybaris, and originally known as Poseidonia. Outside of archaeological evidence very little is known about Paestum during its first centuries. Archaeological evidence indicates that the city was expanding with the building of roads, temples and other features of a growing city. Coinage, architecture and molded votive figurines all attest to close relations maintained with Metaponto in the sixth and fifth centuries. It is not until the end of the fifth century BC that the city is mentioned, when according to Strabo the city was conquered by the Lucani. From the archaeological evidence it appears that the two cultures, Greek and Oscan, were able to get together and thrive. What is known is it later became the Roman city of Paestum in 273 BC after the Graeco-Italian Poseidonians sided with the loser, Pyrrhus, in war against Rome during the first quarter of the third century BC.
During the invasion of Italy by Hannibal the city remained faithful to Rome and afterwards was granted special favours such as the minting of its coinage. The city continued to prosper during the Roman imperial period, but started to go into decline between the 4th and 7th centuries. It was abandoned during the Middle Ages and its ruins only came to notice again in the 18th century, following the rediscovery of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The decline and desertion were probably due to changes in local land drainage patterns, leading to swampy malarial conditions (this is difficult to picture, with the present aridity; the site is now left to lizards and a few tourists).
On September 9, 1943, Paestum was the location of the landing beaches of the U.S. 36th Infantry Division during the Allied invasion of Italy. German forces resisted the landings from the outset, causing heavy fighting within and around the town. Combat persisted around the town for nine days before the Germans withdrew to the north.
TEMPLE OF ATHENA:
On the highest point of the town, some way from the other temples, is the temple of Athena. It was built in about 500 BC, and was for some time incorrectly thought to have been dedicated to Ceres. The architecture is transitional, being partly in the Ionic mode and partly early Doric. Three mediaeval Christian tombs in the floor show that the temple was at one time used as a Christian church.
Critiques | Translate
hannyd (23) 2009-04-20 2:31
Thanks for taking me back to my A-Level Classics days!
Well done on the stunning shot. I love the fact the trees put what is presumably a large temple into its context in the grand scheme of things. The tiny, isolated group of tourists also help with this.
Time for a trip to southern Italy I think.
Fransx (1457) 2009-04-20 2:38
Huge trees compared with the temple of Athena!
Lighting is very good and details can be seen clearly.
Exposure is perfect and the composition is impeccable!
Best wishes. Regards.
dta (51454) 2009-04-20 2:48
Hola Mirari ,
What is the most beautiful ? The nice pine trees , or the old temple ? The whole composition , of course .
Very well done .
asajernigan (19669) 2009-04-20 3:54
The size of the trees catch my attention first. Your composition is fine showing the temple from an angle that shows good depth. The trees frame the temple nicely. The lighting and colors are great with excellent sharpness and detail.
Yves-triga (5106) 2009-04-20 3:55
Very well composition of this temple.
Shooting unusual and well composed.
thank for explications.
barrufeto_77 (28876) 2009-04-20 4:12
Pues un POV desde luego, que muy original. Es de esos que no se ven habitualmente y que, por eso mismo, gustan.
macondo (17949) 2009-04-20 4:44
I like the softness of the shot, with gentle light not too bright, and an interesting composition using the trees and including some people to show us the scale. Those lovely trees make a nice frame and canopy for the temple. A very pleasing shot of these great ruins.
silvan (1786) 2009-04-20 5:25
You have taken this picture from a spectacular angle. The trees seem to preotect the temple. Nothing else than beautifull and compliments.
sacimar (25957) 2009-04-21 10:48
me gusta mucho la imagen escogiendo a los dos pinos como marco de la entrada del templo, buenos detalles y magnificos colores, buen trabajo,
akm (1216) 2009-04-21 18:21
The pines and the small groups of visitors give a good sense of the scale and context of the temple and invite the viewer to keep walking into the picture and start exploring! Great work and a most informative note.
adramad (27556) 2009-04-22 6:55
No podia dejar pasar por alto esta foto, pues tengo una fijacion con conocer algún dia Paestum, tiene que ser precioso. En ella nos muestras una gran composicion, con buena luz y color, buena idea la de captar esos majestuosos pinos que parecen haber visto pasar los cientos de años del templo.
Un cordial saludo.
Jardim (3243) 2009-04-30 14:02
Me gusta de esta composition con las arboles en primero plano son como los guardias del tiemplo. La foto está muy harmoniosa.
- Copyright: Mirari Mirarer (mirarer) (4751)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-03-00
- Categories: Architecture
- Camera: Nikon D70 S
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Theme(s): Roman and greek inheritance [view contributor(s)]
- Date Submitted: 2009-04-20 2:25