I don't remember what house this was in, but I think it's a small shrine for the lares, or household gods. The colors are amazing in this photo, considering how long the paint has been there! I don't know if the paint is more recent or if this is a reconstruction, but it looked really cool! Hopefully more info forthcoming.
Herculaneum was a small town with approximately four or five thousand inhabitants, which lies at the western base of Mount Vesuvius and was destroyed in the same eruption of August, 79 AD. The modern down of Ercolano is now home to almost 60,000 people! so another eruption of equal magnitude would be far more devastating. Excavation of this site only began in 1738, quite a bit later than in Pompeii, under the patronage of the King of the Two Sicilies. Herculaneum lies under more than 60 feet of volcanic debris, and much of the town literally had to be chiseled out of the dense pyroclastic material, making excavation much more difficult than in nearby Pompeii. Much of the town, however, remains unexcavated as it probably lies under the modern town.
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