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Melfi
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Melfi is a town and comune in the Vulture area of the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata.
Inhabited by the Daunians and Lucanians, under the Romans it was included in the area of the colony of Venusia, founded in 291 BC. After the fall of Western Roman Empire, Melfi gained importance in the Middle Ages as a strategic point between areas controlled by the Byzantines and those controlled by the Lombards. Melfi was captured several times by the struggling powers of the region, until it was assigned to the Norman leader William I of Hauteville. The Hauteville family started from here their conquest of southern Italy, which, in the early 12th century, led to the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily.
In 1059 Melfi became the capital of the Duchy of Apulia. Papal counciles were held in the city in the same year and in 1109.
In 1231, Emperor Frederick II proclaimed the Constitutions of Melfi (or Constitutiones Augustales) here, reinforcing control over his ever-expanding territory. He created a bureaucracy of paid officials, who among other things imposed a tax system on the local feudal rulers, who resented it but could not resist.
Later, the town shared the fate of the entire Kingdom of Naples, falling into a long period of decline, and suffering from a number of earthquakes.
The town enjoyed a revival of sorts from the beginning of the 19th century, and recently has gained additional prosperity when the Italian auto firm, FIAT, built a factory here.

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Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9592 W: 132 N: 18668] (120652)
  • Genre: Places
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2011-08-16
  • Categories: Architecture
  • Exposure: f/11, 1/500 seconds
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Photo Version: Original Version
  • Date Submitted: 2012-06-22 5:37
Viewed: 1222
Points: 24
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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9592 W: 132 N: 18668] (120652)
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