Photos

Photographer's Note

Núpsstaður UNESCO World Heritage Center.

The aesthetic beauty of the landscape in Núpsstaður is well known. The area reaches from the seashore and the black sands, to high white glaciers and includes a green vegetation belt with a native birch forest, willow scrubs and flourishing undergrowth (with e.g. Dactylorhiza maculata) in between. The area is adjacent to Skaftafell National Park. It has numerous impressive geological formations, among them are. various types of lava, rock-glaciers, waterfalls, gullies, canyons, geothermal areas, a central volcano, tectonic fissures, scree slopes, a glacial lagoon, glacial rivers and part of the Vatnajdkull glacier. The farm, Núpsstaður, is situated in the immediate neighborhood of the vast Skeiarcirsandur sands, south of the huge mass of the Vatnaj6kull glacier. East of the farm, looms the majestic cliff of Lómagnúpur, known from the Njál's saga. At Núpsstaður stands a turf and stone farmhouse and it is a typical middle- sized farm, like those found throughout the 19th century in the southern parts of Iceland. There is a complete group of remarkable old farm houses, as well as a whole set of the usual stables and other outhouses.

A church was built at Núpsstaður in earliest Christian times, or at least sometime before 1200 AD, In the Catholic Period. The church was dedicated to St. Nicholas and there were few people in the parish at that time. In the year 1765 however, it was abolished as a parish church, but the building served as a chapel fbr the fanner and his people. After 1783, the building was reduced to the state of a storehouse. In 1930 the National Museum of Iceland took over the old house and in 1958-1960 gave it thorough reparation. Like other turf and stones faffns, Núpsstaður has a long and continuous evolution over many centuries. The same family has lived in Núpsstaður since about 1730.

The farmstead of Núpsstaður forms an unusually well-preserved cultural landscape, offering a great deal of information about the use of the area before modem changes. The area has always been an agricultural landscape.

Karmenu, medio, Aviller, asajernigan, angela926 has marked this note useful

Photo Information
Viewed: 4235
Points: 26
Discussions
Additional Photos by Michel Detay (mdetay) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 493 W: 1 N: 1025] (4865)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH