Hungarian folk architecture - Wooden Belfry & Protestant church, Szentendre
The aim of founding the Szentendre Open Air Museum was to present folk architecture, interior decoration, farming and way of life in the Hungarian language area from the 2nd half of the 18th century to the 1st half of the 20th century, through original and authentic objects, relocated houses arranged in old settlement patters. The more and more elaborate settlement plan appropriates the relocation of more than 400 edifices into the museum, arranged into village-like regional units on the basis of ethnographical considerations.
Belfry, Nemesborzova (to the right)
One of the most beautiful belfries of Szatmár County was transplanted in 1971 from the Nemesborzova parish, affiliated to Mánd. We found no date on it (it might have disappeared during dismantling) but church records, and the structure of the construction led us to believe that it was erected in 1667. Building material for the 21,30 m high tower came from neighbouring oak-forests. The well-proportioned building rests on 10 sills forming a square net. The nine 9 m pillars of the body were mortised into this base then tied with a system of diagonal and horizontal beams. The body carries a balcony, bearing a covered cloister with the open arcade outside, and topped by a steeple with a turret on each corner. From the two bells that used to toll in it, we have managed to acquire the smaller, 80 kilo one for the Museum. The turrets, the body, and the roof of the housing of the base, the "skirt", are covered with shingles of deal. The structure of the belfry is late Gothic but its appearance shows Renaissance effects.
Protestant church, Mánd (to the left)
The church is one of the oldest surviving relics of late Gothic provincial wooden architecture in Hungary. Members of the Reformed congregation of Mánd had it erected at their own cost in the 1580s. After the Edict of Tolerance (1781) by Joseph II, the church was renovated and partly rebuilt between 1787-90. The painted ceiling and the furniture, also visible today, date from this period. An archaic record of the great event, listing the most important data and dates, can be read on a large-size, raised ceiling panel.
As the inscription speaks of the "building" of the church, it was supposed that it dated from 1790. However, after the dismantling of the construction in 1975, research revealed that the church was raised late in the 16th century. When the boarding of the triumphal arch, symbolically separating the interior into nave and apse, was removed a date of "Ad M582" became visible engraved in the middle of the arch. (The last numeral may also be read as "7".) As the triumphal arch is an intact and integral part of the timberwork of the church it must be of the same age.
The richly adorned furniture makes it one of the most valuable painted churches in Hungary. The ceiling, the two galleries, the pulpit and the pews were made by Gábor Vasvári Ódor, famous painter joiner of the region between 1787-90. On the ceiling of the crown-shaped abat-voix canopy the date 1791 can be seen. The whole interior savours of Baroque taste. The square panels of the ceiling are no longer covered by the Renaissance floral ornamentation, usual before, but with carved and gilded stars on dark blue background, colourful square net ribbing and rosettes. On the four and three panels over the western entrance and the gallery on the apse side we can see identical painted ribbon-like scrolls and linear frames in relief with scrolled and ringed squares of a lacy pattern in the corners and a pine at the sides. The edges of the panels are covered with pilasters. The ornamentation of the front panel of the pews and the pieces of furniture used by the minister are in harmony with all this. By the western, street entrance the women's and on the opposite side the men's pews can be found. The family and guests of the pastor sat by the side entrance whereas the clergyman himself occupied the Moses Seat right of the pulpit. In the middle the Lord's Table stands with the dishes of the Lord's Supper: pewter wine jugs, chalice and bread plates. A valuable 17th century cloth of Renaissance embroidery covers the iron frame of the tent placed over them.
Left of the western entrance, on the northern wall 12 Renaissance coffers hang painted with flowers. The valuable ceiling panels were found when the church was taken apart. Critical comparative analysis of style led us to presume that they may have been part of the 17th century furniture. (Source: skanzen .hu)
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siudzi (34141) 2011-12-29 1:00
A nice, beautiful small church you have found and presented. An interesting architecture and its lovely surroundings! Well captured. Thanks for sharing!
Ricx (13495) 2011-12-29 1:03
Hello George, I enjoy your images of Hungary.. certainly a striking image with the beautiful blue sky. congrats Rich
Silvio1953 (145731) 2011-12-29 1:13
Ciao George, lovely composition with beautiful and original architecture, excellent clarity, splendid light and wonderful natural colors, very well done, my friend, Happy New Year 2012, ciao Silvio
alin-m (3716) 2011-12-29 1:25
Very interesting and nice architecture of that church.Nice picture.
Best regards and a happy new year.
siamesa (28121) 2011-12-29 1:29
Bom dia George
Lovely architecture and a very beautiful capture.
Very beautiful church.Very nice colors and an excellent sharpness.
ChrisJ (115575) 2011-12-29 1:29
Good graphism of the dark wooden slat roofs against the lighter blue sky. Excellent sharpness & well composed. No oe in the highlights. The dark green pine tree at left completes the scene. Tfs!
DarkoG (8) 2011-12-29 2:06
those old wooden structures are very beautiful.
snunney (100850) 2011-12-29 2:09
A nicely balanced composition of this interesting rural architecture. The image is very well lit and has good colours and clarity.
lakshmip1949 (19081) 2011-12-29 3:16
A lovely folk architecture with beautiful rural atmosphere. Lovely color contrast between the blue sky and the surroundings. Great quality image.
Gerrit (52097) 2011-12-29 3:35
great composition and a fantastic building (or better buildings). The elegant wooden tower is fantastic.
dale54 (8136) 2011-12-29 3:45
george great pic,very clear and sharp! beautifull view,great lookin day too! have a great 2012! dr
lousat (92964) 2011-12-29 4:14
Hi George,very interestins nice capture of this strange architechtures,i like the perfect point of view and the usual great sharpness and colors.Have a nice day and thanks,Luciano
jurek1951 (42196) 2011-12-29 4:21
Beautiful colors, composition, perspective...
Sharp details and nice framing..
dkmurphys (60097) 2011-12-29 5:26
Very fine postcard from your country. I like this kind of old structures, always attractive.
Have a Happy New Year!
Sergiom (81881) 2011-12-29 6:02
Une très beau petit coin de campagne. La lumière frappe de plein fouet ce petit bâtiment blanc et le fait briller dans l'image. La tour de bois est superbe.
jlbrthnn (76037) 2011-12-29 6:54
The rich note accompanies well these pure and beautiful architectures. The well used light emphasizes the forms and the colors. The point of view is chosen well, the neatness is excellent. Bravo.
Have a nice day
dta (79130) 2011-12-29 7:45
Hello George ,
Excellent presentation of the superb wooden old architecture . A picture simply , but perfectly composed .
mesutilgim (95554) 2011-12-29 14:06
Hello dear George,
Simple but nice and quite educative !
Very good pov and perfect light.
Many interesting notes.
TFS and best regards
bukitgolfb301 (42752) 2011-12-29 14:25
Hi dear George
Oh you back to your mother country at the end of year!
Another gerat artstic shot indeed. This is very well taken for presenting your mother country characteristics. Thanks for sharing with your nice work and have a good day!
Takero from sunny but cold Tokyo
jjcordier (79297) 2011-12-29 22:20
J'aime l'idée de ces musées en plein air qui concentrent les différentes constructions remarquables d'une région et donnent une bonne idée de la vie qui s'y déroulait il y a quelque temps. Ce beffroi original en bois et cette petite église en sont de bonnes illustrations.
Cricri (120609) 2011-12-30 10:49
Intéressante composition et architecture de l'église dans un joli environnement, une belle lumière et couleurs des plus agréable
Bonne année 2012 a vous et votre famille
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-03-30
- Categories: Daily Life, Nature, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/8, 1/350 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2011-12-29 0:53