Photos

Photographer's Note

Szentendre is known as the town of living art due to its artist colony of international renown, and its museums and galleries. With its well preserved, distinctive 18th-century townscape, the town centre is a group of heritage buildings unique in Hungary.

In the beginning of the 2nd century the Romans built a defence system in and around Szentendre. Their reinforced military camp was called Ulcisa Castra, the first known name of the town. Later the town was called after the patron saint of the parish church, the apostle St Andrew (Szent Endre).

Recent decades have seen major changes in the life of Szentendre as a result of the rapidly growing tourism industry, thanks to the historical atmosphere of the town's streets, its art life, as well as the Hungarian Open-Air Museum (Szentendrei Szabadtéri Néprajzi Múzeum, Skanzen) which visualises rural life in Hungary.

Szentendre was awarded the Hild Medal in 1980 in recognition of its successes in town development and in preserving its traditions.

History

Populated for well over a millennium, under the Romans it was called Ulcisia Castra, meaning "Wolf Castle". Since the 1500s it was considered the center of the Hungarian Serb community. At one point it had as many as eight Serbian Orthodox church buildings and 3 chapels, and only one each Roman-Catholic and Evangelical. It is still the see of the Buda Diocese of the Serb Orthodox Church. Szentendre and the surrounding villages were also inhabited by Bulgarians ever since the Middle Ages. In 1690, the Serbian teacher and hegumen Stevan notes that Szentendre was even called Bolgarija by some. It had a Bulgarian neighbourhood of settlers from Chiprovtsi and a Chiprovtsi church. The names of locals clearly hint at a Bulgarian population.
In the 1700s, after liberation from the Turks, Szentendre enjoyed a rebirth with Mediterranean leanings, as Serbian, Croatian, Slovak, German and Greek newcomers moved in and lived alongside the Magyar inhabitants. According to the 1720 data, 88% of the population of the town were South Slavs (mostly Serbs, but also some South Slavic Catholics). The town to this day is characterised by a south European atmosphere with much baroque architecture, churches of various faiths, narrow sidestreets, and cobblestone roads.
Szentendre has been the home of many generations of Hungarian artists since early 20th century. There are many museums and contemporary galleries representing the rich traditions of the visual art.

How to get there:
Szentendre lies to the north of Budapest and can be reached by suburban railway (HÉV), and by local Volán bus lines to Szentendre or through to Esztergom. By car take Route 11. (Source: Vendégváró & wikipedia)

Photo Information
Viewed: 1468
Points: 58
Discussions
  • None
Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
View More Pictures
explore TREKEARTH