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The Jurisich Square in sunset light, Kőszeg

This square was the spot of the former markets where carts loaded with goods came and went both weekdays and holidays. Also, this was the place of the town’s political and social life. Residents were called here to meetings, the borough magistrate delivered sentences here. People who broke the law were closed into stocks here and here stood the pillory, the humiliation device of the Middle Ages. On the place torture you find now the Blessed Virgin Mary statue erected in 1739. Lorenz Eisenköbel, a stone-carver from Sopron, made it. The costs were covered by the punishment imposed on Lutheran civics who decried Mary. Eisenköbel also made the town well behind the Mary statue. In 1766 a stone house was built over the well, the walled up arches of which were opened during the reconstruction of the well. if you want to get to know the square you just have to take a seat on the benches around the Mary statue and your glance is able to take in this small closed square.

The 5-acre inner Town was protected by the town-wall since the 15th century inside which there were 73 houses. in the current Inner Town there are still 73 houses, although during the centuries due to the fire the town was repeatedly burned down. As far as we know, Kőszeg was ravaged by fire 14 times during the 17th and 18th centuries. This explains the fact that only 102 historically protected buildings are registered and only 10 out of them were built earlier than in the 18th century, although the city and the castle were established in the 13th century. The reason for the frequent fires was that the houses of the inner town, as anywhere in Europe, were built of wood and mud wall.

The Heroes’ Tower (in the background)

The Heroes’ Tower or Heroes’ Gate was built in 1932 in eclectic style. It was completed by the 400-year anniversary of the Turkish siege. Currently it is one of Kőszeg’s symbol. It was designed by Flóris Opaterny. In the place of Heroes’s Tower there stood the southern Lower Gate-tower, demolished in 1880 that was one of the most important defensive points in the town since the 13th century. However, the besiegers seldom laid a siege to this gate directly since the moat was the deepest here and the drawbridge was inaccessible. This gate was the most important entrance of the town as it welcomed everyone coming with peaceful intention and was also employed to keep the enemy from the town. This gate was under the protection of the Old Tower that we have already seen during our walk before, the distance of which was so long that the protectors could use their weapons the most effectively against the enemy. This gate can be seen in the coat-of-arms of the town and the key to it was the symbol of the mayor’s power, too. The tower also hosted the musicians who played their music at noon and in the evenings since 1723 and who were paid by Tamás Nádasdy Foundation. Before 1723, the town drummer gave signals at the most important parts of the day and he also alerted at fire. (Source: Vendégváró)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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