The aim of founding the Szentendre Open Air Museum was to present folk architecture, interior decoration, farming and way of life in the Hungarian language area from the 2nd half of the 18th century to the 1st half of the 20th century, through original and authentic objects, relocated houses arranged in old settlement patters. The more and more elaborate settlement plan appropriates the relocation of more than 400 edifices into the museum, arranged into village-like regional units on the basis of ethnographical considerations.
Western Transdanubia (Nyugat-Dunántúl)
The regional unit presents the traditional, vernacular peasant culture of Őrség in Vas County, Göcsej and Hetés in Zala County. The clay spil is diff, difficult to cultivate but the area is rich in streams. In the woods oak, beech and pine are indigenous. The settlers founded their first settlements by burning up the vegetation on the wooded hilltops. Besides the scattered, loosely connected irregular settlements, in flat areas mainly villages developed arranged by a regular street pattern.
The traditional construction material of the region was wood; in areas lacking wood wattle- and earthen-walled buildings were characteristic even at the turn of the 19-20th centuries. On the carved oaken sills hewn and carved pine log walls were built then plastered with mud and whitewashed. They had thatched roofs although since the middle of the 19th century tiled roofs also appeared.
These villages came into being at the time of the Magyar conquest of Hungary. Tha Magyars used to belong to our frontier regions until the Mongol invasion in the 13th century. The frontier guards serving the king stayed in their villages after the destruction of their organisation. Göcsej people served as soldiers and waited on at the royal court in exchanging for which they were ennobled. The one-time guards living in the 18 villages of Őrség (the area of the defence system) enjoyed privileges which were curtailed only in the 17th century. The people having lived here since the age of the Árpád-Dynasty are the descendants of the late border guards some of whom were raised to nobility, but some of whom sank into serfdom.
In the earliest stages of Reformation the communities here became Protestant. However, in the 18th century serfs, were converted back to Catholicism by their landlords but the gentry remained Protestant or Lutheran.
People supplemented their livelihood by gleaning. Mainly rye, barley, millet and buckwheat were grown. Animal husbandry meant nomadic raising of livestock and stabling as well, and in oak-forests swine fed on mast forest nuts. Their famous cattle were sold mainly in Austrian and German cattle-markets until World War I. The flourishing cattle-raising in the second half of the 19th century led to the quick rising into the middle-class peasant bourgeois class of those living a conservative way of life.(Source:skanzen.hu)
Critiques | Translate
mikolaj_kawa (0) 2010-11-25 2:35
Hello George! Amazing house, wonderful cottage, superb woman, fine scene. Nice colours. Very fine capture. ideal cut and frame. Well done! Kellemes estét kívánok!
csabagaba (6636) 2010-11-25 3:35
Nemigen mennek itten rendben a dologk. Lassan ott tartok, hogy abbahagyom az egészet. Na mindegy is. A szerver, ahogy elnézem, látványosan haldoklik, hol működik, hol nem. Na mindegy is.
Jó a kis hazai sorozatod. Tetszik. Ez a kép is kiváló, csak a hátizsákos néni tájidegen:-)
Szép napot jó fényeket.
mursaloglu (8682) 2010-11-25 4:26
Szia kedves gyorgi
nagyon szép kép... I like the human figure here and union with the house. Wonderful light management and fantastic compo . Bravo.A legjobb tekintetében..... ihsan
snunney (103361) 2010-11-25 4:51
A fine capture of this charming old farmhouse now restored to its full elegance. I like the point of view and the framing offered by the fence. Also, the light and shadow play across the end wall. Good colours and sharpness.
Sergiom (84569) 2010-11-25 5:38
La clôture autour de la maison offre une belle ligne de fuite dans le paysage. Le personnage offre une belle perspective ŕ l'ensemble.
asajernigan (21427) 2010-11-25 5:49
Nice shot of this fine old farmhouse. The angle of the shot is great creating depth and direction. The addition of the person creates a sense of scale for the shot. The lighting and colors are fine and the photo has excellent sharpness. The off center placement of the house was a good choice.
dkmurphys (62129) 2010-11-25 6:11
Simple and beautiful house, a capture of the past. Good work, picturesque view.
Have a nice evening.
jlbrthnn (76039) 2010-11-25 6:43
Here are one of the styles of architecture preferred, with wood and simplicity. Excellent luminous, natural, clear, and agreeably populated image. Cheer.
Have a nice day
jurek1951 (42196) 2010-11-25 7:02
Really very nice your architecture photos this one is very sharp and very well composed.Simple and beautiful house,
amaryllis (37039) 2010-11-25 8:27
une belle photo de cette ferme qui est un musée si j'ai bien compris?
apparemment une silhouette touristique vient voir cette ferme qui présente un charme certain avec sa clôture et son puits
siamesa (28123) 2010-11-25 14:08
Boa noite George
A very informativa and useful lesson of History. Very well written. Very nice this house. Perfect capture with sharpness, pov and colors excellents.
vasilpro (41633) 2010-11-25 14:24
Interesting farm house, beautiful photo with natural colors and excellent light management, very nice POV.
Have a nice evening, Vasilis.
TopGeo (38216) 2010-11-25 23:19
Hi George! An interesting entry in the space museum is the report of the homestead! We have visited many of the styles of architecture preferred, with wood and simplicity Old farmhouse! of the previous days! I particularly liked the wide diversity and variety!
- Copyright: George Rumpler (Budapestman) (82620)
- Genre: Places
- Medium: Color
- Date Taken: 2008-03-30
- Categories: Daily Life, Nature, Architecture, Artwork
- Camera: Pentax K10D
- Exposure: f/6.7, 1/250 seconds
- More Photo Info: view
- Photo Version: Original Version
- Date Submitted: 2010-11-25 1:48