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Photographer's Note

Detached farmstead for animal husbandry, Nagykunság

The ensemble of farm buildings reconstructed on the fringes of a settlement in the Great Hungarian Plain preserves the memory of one-time stables-with-fireplace in the outsteadings. The survey made on the spot by ethnographer László Varga underlay reconstruction. The oldest building on the plot is a dwelling-cum-stable augmented later with another stable for oxen. Structures of this kind were typical of detached farms in the Nagykunság in the 18th-19th centuries. As a result of changing standards new stables and dwelling house were raised, and the old houses served on as outbuildings. In the Museum we present such a state, characteristic of the 1920s.

Hungarian Open Air Museum

The aim of founding the Szentendre Open Air Museum was to present folk architecture, interior decoration, farming and way of life in the Hungarian language area from the 2nd half of the 18th century to the 1st half of the 20th century, through original and authentic objects, relocated houses arranged in old settlement patters. The more and more elaborate settlement plan appropriates the relocation of more than 400 edifices into the museum, arranged into village-like regional units on the basis of ethnographical considerations.

The Great Hungarian Plain

The Great Plain is, with its sandy stretches and loess downs, the largest flatland in the Carpathian Basin. It comprises the area between the Rivers Danube and Tisza, the Trans-Tisza territory, and the Banat. Other areas are named after the peoples settled there in the Middle Ages (Nagykunság, Kiskunság, Jászság i.e. Great and Little Cumania, Jazygia) and in the 16th-17th centuries (Hajdúság). In some of the comparatively few subregions (Kalocsai Sárköz, Sárrét) that lie on marshy ground, the composition of population remained undisturbed.

Geographical conditions greatly influenced building methods in the Great Hungarian Plain. The medieval flatland of forests and groves became a treeless puszta by the 18th century. Earthen walls gained ground. The largest unbroken zone of earthen architecture in Central Europe came into being. Wood could not, of course, be completely left out of buildings. Doors, windows, floors and trusses had to be made of wood. Large quantities of pine logs were produced in the surrounding mountainous areas for floating down to the ports, equipped with sawmills, in the Great Hungary Plain.(Source: skanzen.hu & Vendégváró)

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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